33

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Flux méditerranéens vers l'Europe : la migration et la politique étrangère de l'Union

12-03-2014

Une série d'événements tragiques survenus sur les côtes méridionales de l'Europe – au large de l'île italienne de Lampedusa, dans les eaux grecques de la mer Égée, dans l'enclave espagnole de Ceuta – ont placé la migration méditerranéenne en tête des priorités politiques de l'Union. Les dirigeants de l'Union ont souligné que les politiques de gestion de la migration doivent être guidées par les principes de prévention, de protection et de solidarité. La task-force pour la Méditerranée, créée en octobre ...

Une série d'événements tragiques survenus sur les côtes méridionales de l'Europe – au large de l'île italienne de Lampedusa, dans les eaux grecques de la mer Égée, dans l'enclave espagnole de Ceuta – ont placé la migration méditerranéenne en tête des priorités politiques de l'Union. Les dirigeants de l'Union ont souligné que les politiques de gestion de la migration doivent être guidées par les principes de prévention, de protection et de solidarité. La task-force pour la Méditerranée, créée en octobre 2013, a proposé 38 pistes pour empêcher de nouvelles pertes de vies humaines. Pourtant, au-delà de cette réponse immédiate, l'Union doit lancer un débat plus large, et à plus long terme, sur la manière dont la question de la migration est abordée par les différentes politiques extérieures de l'Union, à savoir les politiques liées à la sécurité, à la coopération au développement, et à la protection internationale, ainsi que la politique de voisinage. Le Parlement européen peut jouer un rôle important en encourageant le dialogue sur la migration avec les pays tiers. Ce débat, qui doit être mené par l'intermédiaire de discussions interparlementaires et interinstitutionnelles, pourrait conduire à une coopération renforcée dans la gestion de la migration régulière et à une lutte plus efficace contre la migration irrégulière. S'il est vrai que le Parlement européen devrait exiger que les politiques de l'Union et des pays tiers respectent pleinement les droits de l'homme, il devrait également envisager la migration méditerranéenne dans un contexte plus large et souligner les effets positifs potentiels de la mobilité des personnes sur le développement socio-économique.

Iran at a Crossroads: What Will Follow the Nuclear Deal?

11-12-2013

The agreement reached in Geneva on Iran's nuclear programme should allow Iran to return to the international scene as a political as well as a trade partner. While the terms of the deal will require attention and effort, hopes in Europe, Iran and the MENA region are running high for the first time in many years. Tehran could soon play the role of constructive regional power, helping resolve a wide range of regional security problems and serving as a motor of economic growth for the entire region. ...

The agreement reached in Geneva on Iran's nuclear programme should allow Iran to return to the international scene as a political as well as a trade partner. While the terms of the deal will require attention and effort, hopes in Europe, Iran and the MENA region are running high for the first time in many years. Tehran could soon play the role of constructive regional power, helping resolve a wide range of regional security problems and serving as a motor of economic growth for the entire region. If the country’s recently-elected president, Hassan Rouhani, also manages to carry out his ambitious political and economic reform programme, the Iranian people may gain civil rights and enjoy a more prosperous economic future. The EU has a strategic interest in supporting reformist forces within Iran.

Gaza's Population at the Breaking Point

29-11-2013

Over the past six years, Gaza's 1.8 million residents – 70 % of whom are refugees and 80 % of whom depend on humanitarian assistance for their daily livelihood – have struggled with the land, air, and sea blockade imposed by Israel for security reasons. In the last year, the decline of Gaza's socio-economic situation has accelerated dizzyingly. Almost one in three people is unemployed, with youth and women the hardest hit. The blockade and Israel's restrictions on the movement of goods and persons ...

Over the past six years, Gaza's 1.8 million residents – 70 % of whom are refugees and 80 % of whom depend on humanitarian assistance for their daily livelihood – have struggled with the land, air, and sea blockade imposed by Israel for security reasons. In the last year, the decline of Gaza's socio-economic situation has accelerated dizzyingly. Almost one in three people is unemployed, with youth and women the hardest hit. The blockade and Israel's restrictions on the movement of goods and persons to and from the territory mean that sustainable economic activity in Gaza is next to impossible. This bleak economic picture goes hand-in-hand with the fragile humanitarian situation, which has also deteriorated further in the last few months, as Egypt has closed most of the illegal tunnels for reasons of national security and limited crossings at Rafah. Fuel shortages have closed the only electric power plant in Gaza, adding to residents' sea of troubles. In the recent words of the Commissioner General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), 'Gaza is quickly becoming uninhabitable.' To alleviate Gaza's economic woes and prevent a further radicalisation of the political landscape, humanitarian assistance must be delivered to the people in need. This assistance must be supplemented by greater efforts to improve governance in Gaza and to bring about a political solution to the siege of the enclave.

Iraq's Deadly Spiral toward a Civil War

09-10-2013

In recent months sectarian violence in Iraq has escalated worryingly. More than 6 400 people have been killed across the country this year, half of them in the last three months. The Shia-dominated central government has failed to address the grievances of the Sunni minority and has responded to public protests with a heavy hand, leading militant Sunni groups such as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant to gain ground. The situation is compounded by the dangerous spill-over from the civil war ...

In recent months sectarian violence in Iraq has escalated worryingly. More than 6 400 people have been killed across the country this year, half of them in the last three months. The Shia-dominated central government has failed to address the grievances of the Sunni minority and has responded to public protests with a heavy hand, leading militant Sunni groups such as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant to gain ground. The situation is compounded by the dangerous spill-over from the civil war in neighbouring Syria. Iraq matters for the entire Middle East. While the only real solutions to Iraq's problems are domestic, international actors can contribute to the process. The role of the European Union can be significant in consolidating the country's judicial and law enforcement authorities and in organising the forthcoming parliamentary elections.

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation: Defined – for Better and Worse - by Its Religious Dimension

18-09-2013

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an intergovernmental organisation with a strong religious element that regroups 57 Muslim or predominantly Muslim member states. Its priorities are promoting the interests of Muslim communities across the world and fighting Islamophobia, especially in the Western world. The OIC has a loose parliamentary arm, the Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States (PUIC), based in Tehran. The PUIC has a rather limited role and low visibility, as it merely ...

The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is an intergovernmental organisation with a strong religious element that regroups 57 Muslim or predominantly Muslim member states. Its priorities are promoting the interests of Muslim communities across the world and fighting Islamophobia, especially in the Western world. The OIC has a loose parliamentary arm, the Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States (PUIC), based in Tehran. The PUIC has a rather limited role and low visibility, as it merely promotes meetings and dialogue among the parliaments of OIC members and encourages the exchange of parliamentary experiences and best practices. In June 2013, the OIC inaugurated a Permanent Mission Office to the EU in Brussels to increase cooperation with the EU. The EU-OIC agenda has included issues related to fighting intolerance and promoting interreligious / intercultural dialogue, as well as human rights and humanitarian assistance. A number of other sensitive issues, such as the rights and protection of Christian and other religious minorities in Muslim countries, have not yet been addressed. Some observers have suggested that the OIC may become more conservative vis-à-vis human rights after January 2014, when a new Secretary-General from Saudi Arabia takes the helm of the organisation.

Syria: Weighing the Risks

09-09-2013

Following two and a half years of bloody civil war in Syria, world leaders remain uncertain how to staunch a humanitarian calamity that has left more than 100 000 Syrians dead, 6 million displaced and immeasurable material damage and human suffering. China and Russia have incapacitated the United Nations, and the military conflict in Syria is escalating dangerously. The chemical attack on civilian targets near Damascus on 21 August has refocused the attention of the international community on the ...

Following two and a half years of bloody civil war in Syria, world leaders remain uncertain how to staunch a humanitarian calamity that has left more than 100 000 Syrians dead, 6 million displaced and immeasurable material damage and human suffering. China and Russia have incapacitated the United Nations, and the military conflict in Syria is escalating dangerously. The chemical attack on civilian targets near Damascus on 21 August has refocused the attention of the international community on the crisis, and the United States and France – supported by the Gulf states, Turkey and Israel – are calling for a targeted and limited military intervention to punish the Assad regime. Such action would have unpredictable consequences for the country, the region and world politics. It is unlikely that it would improve the dire situation of the Syrian people or foster a peaceful and democratic future for the country.

Handover of Power to a New Generation in Qatar

28-06-2013

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa transformed his country into a bold and assertive presence on the world stage. He supported new Islamist forces in countries affected by the Arab Spring, but ensured continuity in the Gulf. The appointment of the new cabinet suggests a slightly more domestic orientation. The youthful ruler may coordinate more with regional partners, but will maintain an independent approach to international questions.

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa transformed his country into a bold and assertive presence on the world stage. He supported new Islamist forces in countries affected by the Arab Spring, but ensured continuity in the Gulf. The appointment of the new cabinet suggests a slightly more domestic orientation. The youthful ruler may coordinate more with regional partners, but will maintain an independent approach to international questions.

L'Algérie : un potentiel sous-exploité pour la coopération en matière de sécurité dans la région du Sahel

24-06-2013

L'Algérie est une puissance régionale à la fois sur le plan économique, politique et militaire. L'Union européenne a jusqu'à présent principalement construit ses relations avec l'Algérie autour de considérations d'ordre économique. La crise du Mali, l'intervention militaire franco-africaine (MISMA) et les attaques terroristes qui ont été perpétrées sur le site gazier d'In Amenas dans l'Est de l'Algérie ont ouvert de nouvelles perspectives de renforcement de la coopération dans le domaine de la sécurité ...

L'Algérie est une puissance régionale à la fois sur le plan économique, politique et militaire. L'Union européenne a jusqu'à présent principalement construit ses relations avec l'Algérie autour de considérations d'ordre économique. La crise du Mali, l'intervention militaire franco-africaine (MISMA) et les attaques terroristes qui ont été perpétrées sur le site gazier d'In Amenas dans l'Est de l'Algérie ont ouvert de nouvelles perspectives de renforcement de la coopération dans le domaine de la sécurité entre l'Algérie et l'UE en vue de lutter contre les menaces communes. En raison de sa puissance militaire et de sa stature politique dans la région, l'Algérie peut devenir un allié important de l'UE dans la région du Sahel. Le changement probable de présidentiel en Algérie va donner au pays l'occasion de revoir sa politique dans la région, en tant que puissance régionale s’affirmant de manière constructive non seulement au niveau du Maghreb mais également dans le cadre plus vaste de l’Afrique de l'Ouest.

Cautious Reforms in Saudi Arabia

28-05-2013

While a number of recent 'firsts' have suggested that Saudi Arabia may be open to reform, particularly for women, the reforms have not altered the basic structure of the Saudi legal and administrative system. Saudi Arabia traditional position of leadership within the Islamic and Arab worlds is being seriously challenged. The judicial system is configured to maintain the status quo. Shari'a (Islamic law) is applied by ultraconservative religious leaders, slowing down efforts to reform Saudi society ...

While a number of recent 'firsts' have suggested that Saudi Arabia may be open to reform, particularly for women, the reforms have not altered the basic structure of the Saudi legal and administrative system. Saudi Arabia traditional position of leadership within the Islamic and Arab worlds is being seriously challenged. The judicial system is configured to maintain the status quo. Shari'a (Islamic law) is applied by ultraconservative religious leaders, slowing down efforts to reform Saudi society. Saudi Arabian judges apply shari'a (Islamic law) based on their individual interpretations. The judicial system lacks basic safeguards of fairness. Ignoring international and EU condemnation, Saudi Arabia has continued to execute criminals, including minors, for a wide range of offences. In Saudi Arabia, all women are subordinated to a male guardian. They face discrimination and lack of protection. It is important to maintain intensive political dialogue with Saudi Arabia on a wide range of issues, including the country's adherence to universally recognised human rights.

Recovering Tunisian and Egyptian Assets: Legal Complexity Challenges States in Need

16-05-2013

Freezing assets is an EU competence; recovering them, on the other hand, is a competence of the Member States. For the EU, recovering the assets of the ousted Tunisian and Egyptian regimes is an issue of political commitment and credibility, with the Union's reputation in Arab Spring countries partly at stake. The United Nations Convention against Corruption (in force since 2005) makes clear that recovering assets is a priority in a coordinated international fight against corruption. There exists ...

Freezing assets is an EU competence; recovering them, on the other hand, is a competence of the Member States. For the EU, recovering the assets of the ousted Tunisian and Egyptian regimes is an issue of political commitment and credibility, with the Union's reputation in Arab Spring countries partly at stake. The United Nations Convention against Corruption (in force since 2005) makes clear that recovering assets is a priority in a coordinated international fight against corruption. There exists a lack of efficient cooperation between 'requesting' and 'requested' states, as well as a paucity of reliable information about the amounts in question. The EU Council has recently adopted a decision to make it easier to share information relating to Egyptian and Tunisian funds in the EU. There are still many procedural problems to tackle, especially in the case of Egypt. An EU special task force could be set up to explore practical ways to better coordinate and exchange best practices between EU Member States and Tunisia and Egypt. The UK is a frontrunner in establishing a central structure facilitating the legal proceedings to recover assets. The European Parliament can send a clear signal of the EU's political commitment to helping Tunisia and Egypt recover their assets.

Evénements à venir

28-09-2020
Seventh meeting of the Joint Parliamentary Scrutiny Group (JPSG) on Europol
Autre événement -
LIBE
29-09-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Working for Obama and Clinton on Europe [...]
Autre événement -
EPRS
30-09-2020
EPRS online policy roundtable: Plastics and the circular economy
Autre événement -
EPRS

Partenaires