57

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

Review of dual-use export controls

26-11-2019

Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for military purposes; so-called 'dual-use' goods are subject to the European Union's export control regime. The regime is now being revised, mainly to take account of significant technological developments and to create a more level playing field among EU Member States. The proposed regulation would recast the regulation in force since 2009. Among other elements, the proposal seeks to introduce an 'autonomous ...

Certain goods and technologies have legitimate civilian applications but can also be used for military purposes; so-called 'dual-use' goods are subject to the European Union's export control regime. The regime is now being revised, mainly to take account of significant technological developments and to create a more level playing field among EU Member States. The proposed regulation would recast the regulation in force since 2009. Among other elements, the proposal seeks to introduce an 'autonomous' EU list for cyber-surveillance technology featuring items that are not (yet) subject to multilateral export control. Moreover, the proposal seeks to introduce human rights violations as an explicit justification for export control. Stakeholders are divided over the incorporation of human rights considerations, with the technology industry particularly concerned that it might lose out to non-European competitors. On 17 January 2018, based on the INTA committee's report on the legislative proposal, the European Parliament adopted its position for trilogue negotiations. For its part, the Council adopted its negotiating mandate on 5 June 2019, and on the basis of this mandate, the Council Presidency began negotiations with the European Parliament's delegation on 21 October 2019. Fifth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

General safety of vehicles and protection of vulnerable road users

11-04-2019

As part of the third 'Europe on the move' package of measures, on 27 May 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. The regulation is part of the EU's efforts to halve the number of fatal and serious injuries in road crashes between 2020 and 2030. It would introduce a number of advanced vehicle safety features ...

As part of the third 'Europe on the move' package of measures, on 27 May 2018, the European Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on type-approval requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, as regards their general safety and the protection of vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users. The regulation is part of the EU's efforts to halve the number of fatal and serious injuries in road crashes between 2020 and 2030. It would introduce a number of advanced vehicle safety features that passenger cars, vans, buses and trucks would have to have as standard equipment in order to be sold on the internal market. It would replace three current type-approval regulations: the General Vehicle Safety Regulation, the Pedestrian Protection Regulation and the Hydrogen-Powered Motor Vehicles Regulation. In March 2019, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the proposal, that clarifies exact requirements for different safety features and brings forward the deadlines for their mandatory instalment in vehicles. Parliament is expected to vote on it during the April II plenary session.

Révision du code des visas

10-04-2019

En mars 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition de révision du code des visas de l’Union. Cette proposition vise avant tout à améliorer la politique commune des visas tout en tenant compte des enjeux en matière de migration et de sécurité, par un renforcement du rôle que joue la politique des visas dans le cadre de la coopération entre l’Union et les pays tiers. Les questions économiques entreront également en ligne de compte: en effet, le traitement des visas sera facilité pour ...

En mars 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition de révision du code des visas de l’Union. Cette proposition vise avant tout à améliorer la politique commune des visas tout en tenant compte des enjeux en matière de migration et de sécurité, par un renforcement du rôle que joue la politique des visas dans le cadre de la coopération entre l’Union et les pays tiers. Les questions économiques entreront également en ligne de compte: en effet, le traitement des visas sera facilité pour les voyageurs en règle contribuant à l’économie de l’Union ou participant à son développement culturel et social. L’accord obtenu au sujet de la proposition à l’issue des négociations en trilogue doit maintenant être confirmé par le Parlement, lors d’un vote qui devrait avoir lieu pendant la session plénière d’avril II.

Système d’information sur les visas

06-03-2019

En mai 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition visant à mettre à jour le système d’information sur les visas, afin de mieux répondre aux mutations que connaissent les défis en matière de sécurité et de migration et d’améliorer la gestion des frontières extérieures de l’Union. Son objectif est de permettre une vérification approfondie des antécédents des demandeurs de visas, de combler les lacunes en matière d’information par un échange de données entre les États membres et de garantir ...

En mai 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté une proposition visant à mettre à jour le système d’information sur les visas, afin de mieux répondre aux mutations que connaissent les défis en matière de sécurité et de migration et d’améliorer la gestion des frontières extérieures de l’Union. Son objectif est de permettre une vérification approfondie des antécédents des demandeurs de visas, de combler les lacunes en matière d’information par un échange de données entre les États membres et de garantir une interopérabilité totale avec d’autres bases de données à l’échelle de l’Union. Le Parlement européen adoptera sa position sur cette proposition lors de la première période de session de mars (mars I).

Case analysis: the transposition and implementation of Regulation 261/2004 on air passenger rights

26-11-2018

This briefing draws on the latest available data to analyse the implementation and application of Regulation 261/2004 which introduces common rules on assistance and compensation to air passengers when their travel is disrupted. The briefing explains why the European Union enacted air passenger rights and the current state of play in terms of their enjoyment. It further sets out the current legal framework before exploring its shortcomings. Finally, it gives examples of best practice and presents ...

This briefing draws on the latest available data to analyse the implementation and application of Regulation 261/2004 which introduces common rules on assistance and compensation to air passengers when their travel is disrupted. The briefing explains why the European Union enacted air passenger rights and the current state of play in terms of their enjoyment. It further sets out the current legal framework before exploring its shortcomings. Finally, it gives examples of best practice and presents some recommendations for national parliaments and EU institutions to improve the enforcement of citizens’ rights.

Auteur externe

Sara Drake, Senior Lecturer in European Union Law Cardiff School of Law and Politics

Flight Compensation Regulation (EC) 261/2004

16-11-2018

The Flight Compensation Regulation (EC) 261/2004 sets a minimum level of quality standards for passenger protection in air transport. It sets minimum rights for passengers in the event of denied boarding, flight cancellation and long delay on flights. This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

The Flight Compensation Regulation (EC) 261/2004 sets a minimum level of quality standards for passenger protection in air transport. It sets minimum rights for passengers in the event of denied boarding, flight cancellation and long delay on flights. This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

Droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne

07-11-2018

C’est le règlement (CE) nº 1371/2007 qui régit les droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne (UE). Applicable depuis fin 2009, il prévoit un niveau d’information, d’assistance et de protection harmonisé. En septembre 2017, la Commission européenne a adopté une nouvelle proposition visant à trouver un meilleur équilibre entre le renforcement des droits des voyageurs et l’allègement de la charge pesant sur les entreprises ferroviaires. Le Parlement européen adoptera sa ...

C’est le règlement (CE) nº 1371/2007 qui régit les droits et obligations des voyageurs ferroviaires dans l’Union européenne (UE). Applicable depuis fin 2009, il prévoit un niveau d’information, d’assistance et de protection harmonisé. En septembre 2017, la Commission européenne a adopté une nouvelle proposition visant à trouver un meilleur équilibre entre le renforcement des droits des voyageurs et l’allègement de la charge pesant sur les entreprises ferroviaires. Le Parlement européen adoptera sa position sur cette proposition lors de la première période de session de novembre (novembre I).

Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides

19-10-2018

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual ...

The study presents the results of evaluation of the implementation of the Directive 2009/128/EC establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The study was outsourced and prepared by a consortium led by ÖIR GmbH, in collaboration with Arcadia International, t33 and external experts. The study covers the implementation of the directive as a whole. Furthermore, it concentrates on the implementation of the integrated pest management principles in the individual Member States. In addition, it also provides an analysis concerning of a the development of harmonised risk indicators, the imposition of limitation and bans of on the usage of pesticides in sensitive specific sensitive areas, and the impacts that of the use of pesticides has on drinking water. The analysis is accompanied by recommendations on how to improve the implementation processes.

New civil aviation safety rules

15-10-2018

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules ...

Flying remains one of the safest forms of transport, and the EU's accident rate is lower than in the rest of the world. However, it cannot automatically be assumed that such performance will continue, as global air traffic is forecast to double over the next 20 years. New technologies, such as unmanned aircraft (drones), are also appearing in European skies, which require adaption of the current regulatory framework. In December 2015, the European Commission proposed to update aviation safety rules. Two years later, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the new rules and the rules have been in force since 11 September 2018. The reform includes the first-ever EU rules for civil drones, extends the EASA's mandate and provides for using existing resources more efficiently. Fourth edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 620.199, 28 March 2018.

Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations

03-10-2018

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

Regulation (EC) 1/2005 lays down common rules for the transport of live vertebrate animals between EU countries in order to prevent injury or unnecessary suffering to the animals. The current EIA looks at the general implementation of the regulation, as well as at some particular elements (data recording, enforcement, fitness for transport). The assessment is based on existing data only et does not represent a complete evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1/2005.

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