17

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Electric road vehicles in the European Union: Trends, impacts and policies

03-04-2019

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and ...

Technological advances and societal changes have triggered a drastic evolution in mobility. Alongside other trends, such as digitalisation, autonomous driving and shared mobility, electric mobility is also gaining momentum. Electric mobility could help the EU to achieve its goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution, noise and dependence on oil. However, the extent of this help will depend on a number of factors, such as the share of electric vehicles in the overall vehicle fleet and how environmentally friendly electric vehicles can remain throughout their life cycle. Global sales of new electric road vehicles have been growing significantly in recent years, largely driven by the mass expansion of this mode of transport in China. Despite its rapid growth, the EU market for such vehicles is still small, and largely dependent on support policies. Most electric road vehicles are concentrated in a few northern and western Member States, although southern and eastern ones have recently recorded the biggest sales growth. Over the years, the EU has taken various actions to support electric mobility. For instance, EU-level measures have been encouraging the use of renewable electricity and smart charging; helping to develop and standardise charging infrastructure; and supporting research on batteries. Local, regional and national-level incentives (such as the introduction of lower taxes or the provision of free public parking for electric vehicles) are also promoting electric mobility. Countries that offer generous incentives and good charging infrastructure typically have a bigger market share for electric road vehicles.

Dix questions essentielles à suivre en 2019

08-01-2019

Cette troisième édition de la publication annuelle de l’EPRS vise à proposer un éclairage sur dix problématiques et domaines d’action susceptibles de figurer parmi les priorités politiques de l’Union européenne au cours de l’année à venir. Les thèmes analysés sont les suivants: les perspectives du nouveau Parlement européen et de la nouvelle Commission européenne, la voie à suivre pour la prochaine Union des 27, le financement futur de l’Union, le processus de transformation numérique, l’intelligence ...

Cette troisième édition de la publication annuelle de l’EPRS vise à proposer un éclairage sur dix problématiques et domaines d’action susceptibles de figurer parmi les priorités politiques de l’Union européenne au cours de l’année à venir. Les thèmes analysés sont les suivants: les perspectives du nouveau Parlement européen et de la nouvelle Commission européenne, la voie à suivre pour la prochaine Union des 27, le financement futur de l’Union, le processus de transformation numérique, l’intelligence artificielle et l’intelligence collective, la sécurité intérieure, les guerres commerciales, l’Afrique, l’électromobilité et les océans.

Research for TRAN Committee - Charging infrastructure for electric road vehicles

20-06-2018

This study analyses the various challenges of the deployment of charging infrastructure within the EU. This includes existing technologies and standardisation issues, metering systems and pricing schemes, business and financing models, the impact of the charging infrastructure on the dissemination of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs), and the appropriateness of current technologies, business models, and public policies.

This study analyses the various challenges of the deployment of charging infrastructure within the EU. This includes existing technologies and standardisation issues, metering systems and pricing schemes, business and financing models, the impact of the charging infrastructure on the dissemination of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs), and the appropriateness of current technologies, business models, and public policies.

Auteur externe

Matthias Spöttle, Korinna Jörling, Matthias Schimmel, Maarten Staats, Logan Grizzel, Lisa Jerram, William Drier, John Gartner

Post 2020 CO2 Emission Targets for Cars and Vans - The Right Level of Ambition?

16-04-2018

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “Post 2020 CO2 Emission Targets for Cars and Vans: The Right Level of Ambition?”, which was held on 27th March 2018. The presentations highlighted the role of light duty vehicles in achieving emissions reductions, the proposed post-2020 targets and the increase in their efficiency, as well as the way forward for electric vehicles and the possible steps for further improvement. The workshop and this report have been commissioned ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the workshop on “Post 2020 CO2 Emission Targets for Cars and Vans: The Right Level of Ambition?”, which was held on 27th March 2018. The presentations highlighted the role of light duty vehicles in achieving emissions reductions, the proposed post-2020 targets and the increase in their efficiency, as well as the way forward for electric vehicles and the possible steps for further improvement. The workshop and this report have been commissioned by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) at the European Parliament.

Auteur externe

Mihael Mihov, Koen Rademakers

Plan d’action relatif à l’infrastructure pour carburants alternatifs

06-03-2018

Le 8 novembre 2017, la Commission européenne adoptait son paquet «mobilité propre» réunissant des propositions législatives visant à accélérer la transition vers des véhicules à émissions faibles ou nulles, ainsi qu’une communication présentant un plan d’action et des solutions d’investissement pour le déploiement transeuropéen d’infrastructures pour les carburants alternatifs. La Commission présentera son plan d’action au Parlement européen lors de la période de session de mars.

Le 8 novembre 2017, la Commission européenne adoptait son paquet «mobilité propre» réunissant des propositions législatives visant à accélérer la transition vers des véhicules à émissions faibles ou nulles, ainsi qu’une communication présentant un plan d’action et des solutions d’investissement pour le déploiement transeuropéen d’infrastructures pour les carburants alternatifs. La Commission présentera son plan d’action au Parlement européen lors de la période de session de mars.

New ways of financing transport infrastructure projects in Europe

01-03-2018

This study assesses a range of mechanisms to finance transport infrastructure projects in cross-border regions, and analyses the strategic role that European Groupings of Territorial Cohesion (EGTC) could play in the planning and implementation of cross-border investments. Special attention is given to often neglected small-scale projects, whose investment is up to €1 million. Building on an in-depth literature review, and supported by interviews with various regional cooperation structures and an ...

This study assesses a range of mechanisms to finance transport infrastructure projects in cross-border regions, and analyses the strategic role that European Groupings of Territorial Cohesion (EGTC) could play in the planning and implementation of cross-border investments. Special attention is given to often neglected small-scale projects, whose investment is up to €1 million. Building on an in-depth literature review, and supported by interviews with various regional cooperation structures and an experts’ workshop, the study analyses the current situation regarding the availability of financing tools for new technologies that enhance transport infrastructure in cross-border regions. It also outlines sources of financial support that could meet investment needs and assesses technological challenges and trends in the field of Intelligent Transport Systems, with a focus on regional interoperability. The study ends with suggestions of policy options to facilitate and accelerate cross border transport infrastructure projects.

Auteur externe

EPRS, DG;

Research for TRAN Committee - Battery-powered electric vehicles: market development and lifecycle emissions

15-02-2018

As 2018 gets under way, there are probably more than three million electric cars in circulation in the world. There are also more than six hundred million electric bikes, scooters and motorcycles. Plus a few hundred thousand electric buses and other types of quadricycles having an electric motor. The first part of this paper traces the fast evolving market of electric road vehicles. The second part shows that the production of hundreds of millions of battery packs requires a lot of energy and plenty ...

As 2018 gets under way, there are probably more than three million electric cars in circulation in the world. There are also more than six hundred million electric bikes, scooters and motorcycles. Plus a few hundred thousand electric buses and other types of quadricycles having an electric motor. The first part of this paper traces the fast evolving market of electric road vehicles. The second part shows that the production of hundreds of millions of battery packs requires a lot of energy and plenty of scarce resources, which affects the real impact of electric vehicles on the climate and the environment and make it necessary to consider the recovery and recycling of used batteries.

Auteur externe

Linda Ager-Wick ELLINGSEN, Christine Roxanne HUNG

The Potential of Electricity Demand Response

15-09-2017

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘The Potential of Electricity Demand Response’ organised on 30 May 2017 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The aim of the workshop was to highlight the role and potential of electricity demand response in achieving the EU energy and climate policy targets, to illustrate the current experiences and progress towards deployment of demand response across the EU and to identify and evaluate possible legislative and regulatory initiatives to optimally deploy the potential. The presentations and proceedings of this workshop should support the ITRE members in their evaluation of the related legislative proposals in the “Clean Energy for All Europeans package”.

Auteur externe

Luc VAN NUFFEL, Jessica YEARWOOD

Dix autres technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies

14-07-2017

En 2015, la direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire du Parlement européen (DG EPRS) a ouvert la voie à l’innovation par l’intermédiaire de sa publication intitulée «Dix technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies: impacts potentiels et conséquences des politiques», dont chaque chapitre met en avant une technologie particulière, ses promesses et ses possibles conséquences négatives, ainsi que le rôle que le Parlement européen pourrait et devrait jouer dans l’orientation de ces ...

En 2015, la direction générale des services de recherche parlementaire du Parlement européen (DG EPRS) a ouvert la voie à l’innovation par l’intermédiaire de sa publication intitulée «Dix technologies qui pourraient changer nos vies: impacts potentiels et conséquences des politiques», dont chaque chapitre met en avant une technologie particulière, ses promesses et ses possibles conséquences négatives, ainsi que le rôle que le Parlement européen pourrait et devrait jouer dans l’orientation de ces avancées. La présente étude poursuit sur la même lancée en présentant dix autres technologies qui exigeront une attention accrue de la part des responsables politiques. Les sujets de cette nouvelle étude ont été choisis de telle sorte qu’ils reflètent les nombreux thèmes sur lesquels le panel de la STOA a décidé de se concentrer dans le cadre du huitième mandat du Parlement (2014-2019). L’objectif de cette publication n’est pas uniquement d’attirer l’attention sur ces dix technologies en particulier: il consiste également à promouvoir une réflexion plus poussée sur ces avancées technologiques qui n’en sont peut-être encore qu’à leurs débuts, mais qui pourraient tout de même avoir d’importantes répercussions sur nos vies dans un avenir proche ou lointain.

Horizon scanning and analysis of techno-scientific trends: Scientific Foresight Study

05-07-2017

This horizon scan has identified eight major technological trends relevant for STOA. First, a scan was conducted to measure controversy on social media, and this constituted an initial controversy ranking. After more detailed analysis of the main technology trends identified, a set of STOA-relevant areas were selected, which have not yet been investigated by STOA so far. These are big data, gene technology, electric vehicles, autonomous cars and impact of algorithms. A number of additional trend ...

This horizon scan has identified eight major technological trends relevant for STOA. First, a scan was conducted to measure controversy on social media, and this constituted an initial controversy ranking. After more detailed analysis of the main technology trends identified, a set of STOA-relevant areas were selected, which have not yet been investigated by STOA so far. These are big data, gene technology, electric vehicles, autonomous cars and impact of algorithms. A number of additional trend areas with high potential impact on society were identified for analysis: screen addiction, fake news and bioterrorism. Within the eight topics selected for detailed analysis from the initial horizon scanning process, keywords, subtopics, and sentiments have been detected and analysed from social media and news articles. These eight technologies are areas for discussion amongst the STOA Panel members when considering new project activities to be undertaken.

Auteur externe

Michael Baumgartner, Bijan Farsijani (Augmented Intelligence Institute; http://www.augmento.ai)

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