12

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

L’Union européenne et la mémoire de l’Holocauste

23-01-2020

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et de membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés condamnés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation de masse vers des camps de concentration. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe ...

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et de membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés condamnés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation de masse vers des camps de concentration. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Les exécutions sommaires de masse («Shoah par balles») et les camps d’extermination en furent l’aboutissement. Les bourreaux furent jugés lors du procès de Nuremberg en 1945-1946, mais le tribunal préféra les inculper pour crimes contre l’humanité plutôt que pour génocide. Ce n’est qu’en 2005, à l’occasion du 60e anniversaire de la libération d’Auschwitz, qu’une résolution de l’Organisation des Nations Unies désigna le 27 janvier comme journée internationale de commémoration de l’Holocauste, aussi appelée «Journée internationale dédiée à la mémoire des victimes de l’Holocauste». Dans l’Union européenne, de nombreux programmes sont destinés à perpétuer la mémoire de ces tragédies ayant marqué l’histoire du continent. Le Parlement européen, dès 1995, adopta des résolutions rappelant le devoir de mémoire non seulement par des commémorations, mais aussi grâce à l’éducation. En novembre 2018, l’Union européenne devint un partenaire international permanent de l’Alliance internationale pour la mémoire de l’Holocauste (AIMH). La présente note d’information constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018.

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, December 2019

20-12-2019

The December plenary session highlights included the election of the European Ombudsman; commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights becoming legally binding; and the award of the 2019 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Parliament adopted positions on the rule of law in Malta, following the murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia, and on public discrimination and hate speech against LGBTI people, including LGBTI-free zones. It also debated statements ...

The December plenary session highlights included the election of the European Ombudsman; commemoration of the 10th anniversary of the Lisbon Treaty and the Charter of Fundamental Rights becoming legally binding; and the award of the 2019 Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought. Parliament adopted positions on the rule of law in Malta, following the murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia, and on public discrimination and hate speech against LGBTI people, including LGBTI-free zones. It also debated statements by the Vice-President of the European Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR/VP) on the humanitarian situation of the Uyghur in China and in Venezuela and Nicaragua, on the migration and refugee crisis, and on the violent crackdown on recent protests in Iran. Debates took place, inter alia, on Commission and Council statements on: the 30th anniversary of the Romanian revolution of December 1989; the post-2020 EU disability strategy; the COP25 outcome; animal welfare conditions during transport to third countries; and the US Trade Representative's announcement on France's digital service tax. Parliament also voted on appointments to the Executive Board of the European Central Bank.

Plenary round-up – Brussels, November I 2019

15-11-2019

The November I plenary session highlights included statements and debates on the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall and on the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Parliament also debated statements made by the Vice-President of the European Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR/VP) on Turkish drilling activities in European Union waters in the Eastern Mediterranean, and on the situation in ...

The November I plenary session highlights included statements and debates on the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall and on the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Parliament also debated statements made by the Vice-President of the European Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR/VP) on Turkish drilling activities in European Union waters in the Eastern Mediterranean, and on the situation in Bolivia and in Chile. Debates took place, inter alia, on Commission and Council statements on the international day to end impunity for crimes against journalists, on the resurgence of Ebola in East Africa, as well as on the situation of migrants in Bosnia and Herzegovina and on the hotspots in Greek islands.

UN Convention on children's rights: 30 years on

11-11-2019

This month marks the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the first international treaty to recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Since 1989, conditions for children have improved, but millions remain unprotected. This is an updated and expanded version of an 'at a glance' note from 2014.

This month marks the 30th anniversary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the first international treaty to recognise children as human beings with innate rights. Since 1989, conditions for children have improved, but millions remain unprotected. This is an updated and expanded version of an 'at a glance' note from 2014.

European Parliament and the path to German reunification

05-11-2019

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, set in motion by the events of 9 November 1989, which led to Germany’s full reunification within less than a year. The accession of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) to the Federal Republic of Germany (Federal Republic) completed the reunification process on 3 October 1990. Moreover, with the accession of the former GDR to the Federal Republic, the GDR integrated into the European Economic Community (EEC) of the time via a special ...

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, set in motion by the events of 9 November 1989, which led to Germany’s full reunification within less than a year. The accession of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) to the Federal Republic of Germany (Federal Republic) completed the reunification process on 3 October 1990. Moreover, with the accession of the former GDR to the Federal Republic, the GDR integrated into the European Economic Community (EEC) of the time via a special procedure. As the GDR's status as a subject of international law ended with its accession to the Federal Republic, a normal EEC Treaty accession procedure was not possible. The European Parliament followed the chain of profound political developments triggered by the fall of the Berlin Wall closely.

International Migrants Day – 18 December

15-12-2017

Each year, 18 December is observed as International Migrants Day. Nominated by the United Nations General Assembly on 4 December 2000 in response to increasing migration in the world, the day aims to draw attention to the human rights of migrants, and highlight their contribution to our societies.

Each year, 18 December is observed as International Migrants Day. Nominated by the United Nations General Assembly on 4 December 2000 in response to increasing migration in the world, the day aims to draw attention to the human rights of migrants, and highlight their contribution to our societies.

The European Union at 60 [What Think Tanks are Thinking]

07-04-2017

Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union's founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc's global role. Their Rome Declaration outlines principles to help re-launch the Union after its recent economic and migration crises, last year's Brexit vote, and the shock effect of Donald Trump's election ...

Heads of State or Government of the EU-27 marked the 60th anniversary of the European Union's founding Treaty of Rome on 25 March 2017, with pledges to seek closer unity, improve internal and external security, boost economic growth and employment, reduce social inequalities and bolster the bloc's global role. Their Rome Declaration outlines principles to help re-launch the Union after its recent economic and migration crises, last year's Brexit vote, and the shock effect of Donald Trump's election as US President. This note offers links to recent commentaries, studies and reports from major international think tanks on the state of the EU and possible reforms.

European Historical Memory: Policies, Challenges and Perspectives

15-04-2015

This note seeks to provide some reflections on the challenges, current policies and possible future prospects of 'historical memory' in a European context. Based on acknowledging the complex nature of collective memories in general and shared European historical remembrance in particular, including their susceptibility to political instrumentalisation, it is argued that a critical 'culture of remembering' needs to be developed. Such a culture requires increased efforts for nation states to come to ...

This note seeks to provide some reflections on the challenges, current policies and possible future prospects of 'historical memory' in a European context. Based on acknowledging the complex nature of collective memories in general and shared European historical remembrance in particular, including their susceptibility to political instrumentalisation, it is argued that a critical 'culture of remembering' needs to be developed. Such a culture requires increased efforts for nation states to come to terms with their own respective pasts in an unbiased way, yet at the same time embracing common European principles and values. In this context, the vital role of education as a tool to create an informed historical consciousness is emphasised, which provides the basis for dealing confidently not only with Europe’s past, but also present and future.

Centenaire du génocide arménien: tisser des liens dans les relations turco-arméniennes

10-04-2015

Chaque 24 avril a lieu une journée de commémoration du génocide arménien. Le déplacement forcé des Arméniens ottomans en 1915, il y a un siècle, demeure l'un des aspects les plus importants et les plus controversés des relations turco-arméniennes. Des centaines de milliers d'Arméniens ont été déportés dans des conditions extrêmement rudes. Nombre d'entre eux n'ont pas survécus, et les causes sous-jacentes de ce lourd bilan font aujourd'hui encore l'objet d'une intense controverse. Cent ans plus ...

Chaque 24 avril a lieu une journée de commémoration du génocide arménien. Le déplacement forcé des Arméniens ottomans en 1915, il y a un siècle, demeure l'un des aspects les plus importants et les plus controversés des relations turco-arméniennes. Des centaines de milliers d'Arméniens ont été déportés dans des conditions extrêmement rudes. Nombre d'entre eux n'ont pas survécus, et les causes sous-jacentes de ce lourd bilan font aujourd'hui encore l'objet d'une intense controverse. Cent ans plus tard, comment les deux pays peuvent-ils établir une communication, une coopération et une confiance mutuelle effectives?

Altiero Spinelli - fédéraliste européen

15-10-2007

Les textes de cette collection ont été préparés pour un symposium organisé par la commission des affaires constitutionnelles en septembre 2007. Ils ont été réimprimés á l'occasion d'une commémoration du 100ème anniversaire de Spinelli qui a eu lieu, le 5 mars 2009, au Parlement européen avec le concours de la Région de Lazio.

Les textes de cette collection ont été préparés pour un symposium organisé par la commission des affaires constitutionnelles en septembre 2007. Ils ont été réimprimés á l'occasion d'une commémoration du 100ème anniversaire de Spinelli qui a eu lieu, le 5 mars 2009, au Parlement européen avec le concours de la Région de Lazio.

Auteur externe

Lucio Levi, Richard Corbett, Ortensio Zecchino, Roland Bieber, John Pinder, Paolo Ponzano, Jean-Louis Quermonne, Philippe de Schoutheete

Evénements à venir

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Autre événement -
FEMM
27-10-2020
EPRS online Book Talk | Beyond Christendom - The politics of religion in Europe today
Autre événement -
EPRS
27-10-2020
JURI: ICM Meeting on "Better Law Making from a digital perspective"
Autre événement -
JURI

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