121

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
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Date

International Agreements in Progress: Modernisation of the trade pillar of the EU-Mexico Global Agreement

02-10-2020

On 21 April 2018, the EU and Mexico reached an agreement in principle on a modernised trade pillar of the EU-Mexico Economic Partnership, Political Coordination and Cooperation Agreement, also known as the Global Agreement, in force since 2000. On 28 April 2020, negotiations were formally concluded after the only outstanding item – EU access to sub federal public procurement contracts in Mexico – was agreed upon. The trade pillar of the Global Agreement was the first trade liberalisation agreement ...

On 21 April 2018, the EU and Mexico reached an agreement in principle on a modernised trade pillar of the EU-Mexico Economic Partnership, Political Coordination and Cooperation Agreement, also known as the Global Agreement, in force since 2000. On 28 April 2020, negotiations were formally concluded after the only outstanding item – EU access to sub federal public procurement contracts in Mexico – was agreed upon. The trade pillar of the Global Agreement was the first trade liberalisation agreement the EU concluded with a Latin American country. It has contributed to a significant increase in EU Mexico trade in services and industrial goods. However, it has become outdated, as both parties have entered into a wide range of preferential trade agreements with state-of-the-art provisions reflecting new developments in trade and investment policies. Removing non-tariff barriers to trade, and further liberalising trade in agricultural goods would allow the EU and Mexico to enhance their competitive edge in each other's markets. After the trade pillar's legal scrutiny and translation, it will become part of a three-pronged Global Agreement that will also contain revamped political dialogue and cooperation pillars and will be signed by the Council of the EU and its Mexican counterpart. The new Global Agreement will subsequently be submitted to the European Parliament for its consent. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Roderick Harte. The 'International Agreements in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification.

The ESM and the EIB: comparison of some features

07-04-2020

This paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of the European Stability Mechanism and the European Investment Bank. Both institutions collect funds on capital markets. The ESM provides loans to Member States, while the EIB provides loans and venture capital to private and public institutions. Both institutions have been called on to take initiatives in the context of EU reaction to the economic crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

This paper presents in a tabular format the main characteristics of the European Stability Mechanism and the European Investment Bank. Both institutions collect funds on capital markets. The ESM provides loans to Member States, while the EIB provides loans and venture capital to private and public institutions. Both institutions have been called on to take initiatives in the context of EU reaction to the economic crisis due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Parliament's right of legislative initiative

12-02-2020

The European Commission has a near monopoly on legislative initiative in the European Union (EU), with special initiative rights for other institutions applying only in certain specific cases. However, the European Parliament and the Council may invite the Commission to submit legislative proposals. Whilst this 'indirect' initiative right does not create an obligation on the Commission to propose the legislation requested, the Treaty of Lisbon codified the Commission's obligation to provide reasons ...

The European Commission has a near monopoly on legislative initiative in the European Union (EU), with special initiative rights for other institutions applying only in certain specific cases. However, the European Parliament and the Council may invite the Commission to submit legislative proposals. Whilst this 'indirect' initiative right does not create an obligation on the Commission to propose the legislation requested, the Treaty of Lisbon codified the Commission's obligation to provide reasons for any refusal to follow a parliamentary initiative. Against this backdrop, some argue that Parliament could take the Commission to the Court of Justice of the EU if it fails to justify a negative decision. Others see Parliament's increasing participation in overall political planning – particularly through negotiations on the Commission's annual work programme (CWP) – as a further channel for Parliament to increase its influence on EU legislation. It is thus argued that the increased role of Parliament in the legislative procedure should have reduced the need for its Members to make use of legislative initiatives. Notwithstanding that, there is a trend towards greater use of formal parliamentary legislative initiatives to assert greater influence on the political process. Most recently, in her inaugural address in July 2019 and in her Political Guidelines, the then newly elected President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, pledged to strengthen the partnership with the European Parliament, inter alia, by responding with a proposal for a legislative act whenever Parliament, acting by a majority of its members, adopts a resolution requesting that the Commission submit legislative proposals. She added that this commitment would have to be in full respect of the proportionality, subsidiarity and better law-making principles. President von der Leyen also declared herself supportive of moves towards recognition of a right for Parliament of legislative initiative. This briefing is an update of a European Parliament Library briefing from 2013, by Eva-Maria Poptcheva.

Culture politique et dynamiques du Parlement européen, 1979-1989

05-12-2019

L'élection en 1979 du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct est un événement démocratique ; elle a en effet profondément modifié le caractère, la composition, les modes de fonctionnement et l'influence politique de l'Assemblée dans le jeu institutionnel de la Communauté européenne. Cette évolution se marque dans des domaines aussi variés que l’organisation du travail parlementaire, le fonctionnement des commissions parlementaires et des intergroupes, l’augmentation des pouvoirs budgétaires ...

L'élection en 1979 du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct est un événement démocratique ; elle a en effet profondément modifié le caractère, la composition, les modes de fonctionnement et l'influence politique de l'Assemblée dans le jeu institutionnel de la Communauté européenne. Cette évolution se marque dans des domaines aussi variés que l’organisation du travail parlementaire, le fonctionnement des commissions parlementaires et des intergroupes, l’augmentation des pouvoirs budgétaires, le profil socioprofessionnel des députés européens, le rôle des groupes politiques, les relations entre les députés et l’administration parlementaire, l’évolution des organigrammes internes du Secrétariat général, les relations avec les groupes de pression, la politique de communication, les activités de l’Assemblée relatives aux valeurs de la Communauté européenne ou encore les relations interinstitutionnelles.

Auteur externe

Schirmann, Sylvain; Wassenberg, Birte

The powers of the European Parliament

04-11-2019

Since its inception in 1951, the European Parliament has come a long way. Initially a consultative body composed of delegations of national parliaments, it became a directly elected institution, obtained budgetary and legislative powers, and now exercises influence over most aspects of EU affairs. Together with representatives of national governments, who sit in the Council, Parliament co-decides on European legislation, in what could be seen as a bicameral legislature at EU level. It can reject ...

Since its inception in 1951, the European Parliament has come a long way. Initially a consultative body composed of delegations of national parliaments, it became a directly elected institution, obtained budgetary and legislative powers, and now exercises influence over most aspects of EU affairs. Together with representatives of national governments, who sit in the Council, Parliament co-decides on European legislation, in what could be seen as a bicameral legislature at EU level. It can reject or amend the European Commission's proposals before adopting them so that they become law. Together with the Council of the EU, it adopts the EU budget and controls its implementation. Another core set of European Parliament prerogatives concerns the scrutiny of the EU executive – mainly the Commission. Such scrutiny can take many forms, including parliamentary questions, committees of inquiry and special committees, and scrutiny of delegated and implementing acts. Parliament has made use of these instruments to varying degrees. Parliament has the power to dismiss the Commission (motion of censure), and it plays a significant role in the latter's appointment process. Parliament has a say over the very foundations of the EU. Its consent is required before any new country joins the EU, and before a withdrawal treaty is concluded if a country decides to leave it. Most international agreements entered into by the EU with third countries also require Parliament's consent. Parliament can initiate Treaty reform, and also the 'Article 7(1) TEU' procedure, aimed at determining whether there is a (risk of) serious breach of EU values by a Member State.

Politique commerciale de l’Union européenne: Foire aux questions

15-10-2019

Le présent document vise à constituer une ressource clé pour les décideurs politiques qui ont besoin d’appréhender rapidement des questions complexes liées au commerce international. Il met aussi en évidence les principaux débats académiques et les questions majeures sur le sujet, et fournit des références sur des ressources supplémentaires en vue d’offrir un soutien utile au travail des décideurs politiques du Parlement européen. Il cherche à fournir des réponses immédiates aux questions les plus ...

Le présent document vise à constituer une ressource clé pour les décideurs politiques qui ont besoin d’appréhender rapidement des questions complexes liées au commerce international. Il met aussi en évidence les principaux débats académiques et les questions majeures sur le sujet, et fournit des références sur des ressources supplémentaires en vue d’offrir un soutien utile au travail des décideurs politiques du Parlement européen. Il cherche à fournir des réponses immédiates aux questions les plus fréquemment posées au sujet de la politique commerciale de l’Union, de l’évolution et de l’ampleur de la politique commerciale européenne jusqu’au rôle des différentes institutions de l’Union et des aspects économiques du commerce, et contient des explications sur des concepts commerciaux essentiels. En outre, le présent document évoque les procédures menant à la conclusion des accords commerciaux internationaux, les différents types de relations commerciales et les caractéristiques spécifiques des instruments juridiques de l’Union dans le domaine du commerce. Enfin, il aborde les questions liées au commerce et au développement durable, qui sont devenues l’un des sujets de préoccupation majeure du Parlement européen.

The European Council's role in the EU policy cycle

02-09-2019

Since its establishment in 1975, the European Council, which is made up of the Since its establishment in 1975, the European Council, which is made up of the Heads of State or Government of EU Member States, has wielded considerable influence over the development of the European Union. According to the Treaties, the European Council's primary role is to 'define the general political directions and priorities' (Article 15(1) of the Treaty on European Union). This role has rapidly evolved over the ...

Since its establishment in 1975, the European Council, which is made up of the Since its establishment in 1975, the European Council, which is made up of the Heads of State or Government of EU Member States, has wielded considerable influence over the development of the European Union. According to the Treaties, the European Council's primary role is to 'define the general political directions and priorities' (Article 15(1) of the Treaty on European Union). This role has rapidly evolved over the past decade, and today the European Council's involvement in the EU policy cycle is much broader, covering tasks from agenda-setting to exercising scrutiny. In practice, its activities often exceed the role envisaged in the Treaties. This level of involvement has a significant impact both on the role of the other EU institutions within the policy cycle and the functioning of the ordinary legislative procedure.

The Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure – Overview

14-05-2019

The Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure (MIP) is a policy tool introduced within the reinforced economic governance framework adopted in 2011. The MIP aims at preventing and correcting macroeconomic imbalances in Member States, with specific attention to imbalances with potential spillovers effects on other Member States.

The Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure (MIP) is a policy tool introduced within the reinforced economic governance framework adopted in 2011. The MIP aims at preventing and correcting macroeconomic imbalances in Member States, with specific attention to imbalances with potential spillovers effects on other Member States.

The Council of the EU: from the Congress of Ambassadors to a genuine Parliamentary Chamber?

14-01-2019

This study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee discusses the parliamentary nature of the Council. It analyses how the Council is in between a pure parliamentary institution and a non-parliamentary one from a wide range of perspectives, for example its structure, procedure and transparency. The study recommends incremental reforms towards further parliamentarisation rather than radical ones ...

This study commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee discusses the parliamentary nature of the Council. It analyses how the Council is in between a pure parliamentary institution and a non-parliamentary one from a wide range of perspectives, for example its structure, procedure and transparency. The study recommends incremental reforms towards further parliamentarisation rather than radical ones.

European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA)

18-12-2018

The European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) is responsible for the operational management of the three large-scale EU information systems: the Schengen Information System (SIS II), the Visa Information System (VIS), and Eurodac. The Commission proposed to strengthen the mandate of eu-LISA, as part of a broader set of measures aimed at addressing current migration and security challenges by making better use of ...

The European Agency for the operational management of large-scale IT systems in the area of freedom, security and justice (eu-LISA) is responsible for the operational management of the three large-scale EU information systems: the Schengen Information System (SIS II), the Visa Information System (VIS), and Eurodac. The Commission proposed to strengthen the mandate of eu-LISA, as part of a broader set of measures aimed at addressing current migration and security challenges by making better use of information technologies. Adopted by parliament and Council in autumn 2018, the Agency’s new tasks, applicable from 11 December 2018, include ensuring interoperability of EU information systems, upgrade of existing and development of future systems and technical and operational support to Member States. Second edition of a briefing originally drafted by Costica Dumbrava. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

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26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
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FEMM
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Audition -
LIBE FEMM
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Audition -
FEMM

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