274

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: Soutien de l’Union à la démocratie et à la paix dans le monde

28-06-2019

L’Union européenne a été conçue de sorte à constituer un projet d’intégration visant à préserver la paix parmi ses États membres, défi crucial qu’elle relève avec brio depuis plus de 60 ans. En tant que communauté d’États partageant les mêmes idées, l’Union repose également sur des valeurs fondamentales, telles que la démocratie et l’état de droit, qu’elle aspire à promouvoir, aussi bien en son sein qu’en dehors de son territoire, et qui constituent le fil d’Ariane de l’ensemble de ses actions. Dans ...

L’Union européenne a été conçue de sorte à constituer un projet d’intégration visant à préserver la paix parmi ses États membres, défi crucial qu’elle relève avec brio depuis plus de 60 ans. En tant que communauté d’États partageant les mêmes idées, l’Union repose également sur des valeurs fondamentales, telles que la démocratie et l’état de droit, qu’elle aspire à promouvoir, aussi bien en son sein qu’en dehors de son territoire, et qui constituent le fil d’Ariane de l’ensemble de ses actions. Dans cette perspective, l’Union élabore des politiques spécifiques afin de soutenir la démocratie et la paix dans le monde. Elle tend également à intégrer la quête de la paix et de la démocratie dans toutes les autres actions extérieures qu’elle mène dans des domaines tels que le commerce, le développement, les politiques d’élargissement et de voisinage, sa politique étrangère et de sécurité commune, et les relations politiques et diplomatiques entretenues avec des pays tiers et des institutions multilatérales. L’Union s’est forgée une réputation, d’une part, d’organisation à la puissance douce guidée par une vision normative et, d’autre part, d’acteur œuvrant de manière efficace en faveur de la paix et de la démocratie. Le renforcement de la paix et de la démocratie dans le monde n’a jamais été une tâche aisée, mais le contexte géopolitique actuel pose de nouveaux défis. La multiplication, l’aggravation et la prolongation des conflits, dont certains ont pour théâtre le voisinage immédiat de l’Union européenne, ainsi que l’émergence de menaces nouvelles, telles que le terrorisme ou la prolifération nucléaire, et la crise des systèmes libéraux incitent l’Union à intensifier ses efforts et à en accroître la portée. Ces défis ont également fait naître une nouvelle approche de l’action qui s’appuie sur le concept de «société résiliente», lui-même fondé sur deux piliers se renforçant mutuellement, à savoir la paix et la démocratie, et se sont traduits par l’octroi d’une attention particulière aux États fragiles. Dans ce contexte, des études menées récemment montrent que les citoyens attendent de l’Union qu’elle joue un rôle encore plus actif dans la promotion de la paix et de la démocratie en dehors de son territoire, ce qui devrait certainement renforcer sa détermination à réaliser des avancées supplémentaires dans ces domaines cruciaux. Le présent document est une mise à jour d’une note plus ancienne, publiée avant les élections européennes de 2019.

Foreign policy and defence challenges [What Think Tanks are thinking]

18-01-2019

The European Union will face increasingly serious foreign policy and defence challenges in 2019. The current Administration in the United States seems to be abandoning its traditional role of ‘benign protector’ of the rules-based international order. Russia, according to many analysts, continues to try to undermine the democratic process in many Western countries, and China’s foreign policy is becoming more and more assertive, notably in the economic field. Furthermore, migration, Brexit and cybersecurity ...

The European Union will face increasingly serious foreign policy and defence challenges in 2019. The current Administration in the United States seems to be abandoning its traditional role of ‘benign protector’ of the rules-based international order. Russia, according to many analysts, continues to try to undermine the democratic process in many Western countries, and China’s foreign policy is becoming more and more assertive, notably in the economic field. Furthermore, migration, Brexit and cybersecurity, as well as a lack of EU unity on certain issues, also feature amongst key challenges. This note offers links to recent selected commentaries, studies and reports from major international think tanks on EU foreign and defence policies. Links to more reports on President Donald Trump’s policies, Russia, EU-China relations and NATO are available in previous items in this series, published last year.

Libérer le potentiel des traités de l’Union européenne: Une analyse article par article des possibilités d’action

07-01-2019

L’opinion publique estime souvent que l’Union européenne devrait faire davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la vie des citoyens dans divers domaines politiques, mais les différences de vues entre les États membres quant aux changements souhaités, sans parler des obstacles susceptibles de se dresser entre eux au cours du processus de ratification, ainsi que d’autres facteurs rendent une réforme significative des traités européens peu probable à court terme. La présente étude répertorie et analyse 34 ...

L’opinion publique estime souvent que l’Union européenne devrait faire davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la vie des citoyens dans divers domaines politiques, mais les différences de vues entre les États membres quant aux changements souhaités, sans parler des obstacles susceptibles de se dresser entre eux au cours du processus de ratification, ainsi que d’autres facteurs rendent une réforme significative des traités européens peu probable à court terme. La présente étude répertorie et analyse 34 domaines d’action dans lesquels il pourrait être fait davantage en vertu des bases juridiques existantes fournies par les traités sans recourir à la moindre modification ni à la moindre mise à jour de ces textes, et examine les bases juridiques inutilisées ou sous-utilisées à l’heure actuelle en vue de les faire contribuer plus efficacement au processus politique de l’Union européenne.

Outcome of the meetings of EU Heads of State or Government, 13-14 December 2018

20-12-2018

The meetings on 13-14 2018 of EU Heads of State or Government dealt with a more comprehensive agenda than originally foreseen. The European Council set a timeline for the negotiations of the MFF, assessed the implementation of its comprehensive approach to migration, and announced an in-depth discussion on the Single Market for next spring. On external relations, it discussed the upcoming summit with the League of Arab States, expressed its concern regarding the escalation at the Azov Sea, welcomed ...

The meetings on 13-14 2018 of EU Heads of State or Government dealt with a more comprehensive agenda than originally foreseen. The European Council set a timeline for the negotiations of the MFF, assessed the implementation of its comprehensive approach to migration, and announced an in-depth discussion on the Single Market for next spring. On external relations, it discussed the upcoming summit with the League of Arab States, expressed its concern regarding the escalation at the Azov Sea, welcomed progress in the field of security and defence and addressed disinformation. Additionally, EU Heads of State or Government issued conclusions on climate change, fight against racism and xenophobia, as well as citizens' dialogues and citizens' consultations.

Contemporary forms of slavery

20-12-2018

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing ...

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing then recommends possible action by the EU, including: promotion of a more consistent definition and use of the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and further clarifications on the relationship with the human trafficking and forced labour frameworks; a role for the EU as catalyst in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets in the field of all contemporary forms of slavery; support for standardising methods of data collection globally. Finally, the paper invites the EU to assess the possibility of drafting a new treaty on contemporary forms of slavery, as a way to fill some existing loopholes at the international level.

Auteur externe

Silvia SCARPA

European Council conclusions - A rolling check-list of commitments to date

12-12-2018

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think-tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is a new, updated and more comprehensive edition of the Rolling Check-List which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It is designed to review the degree of progress in achieving the goals that the European Council has set itself and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

Outcome of the meetings of EU Heads of State or Government, 17-18 October 2018

19-10-2018

The European Council (Article 50) meeting of 17 October 2018 made neither made progress towards finalising a withdrawal agreement nor decide on holding an extraordinary summit on Brexit. At the European Council meeting of 18 October 2018, EU leaders stressed the need to cooperate with countries of origin and transit as well as fighting people smuggling-networks. On internal security they adopted conclusions regarding many of the new threats the EU is facing, including cyber-attacks, disinformation ...

The European Council (Article 50) meeting of 17 October 2018 made neither made progress towards finalising a withdrawal agreement nor decide on holding an extraordinary summit on Brexit. At the European Council meeting of 18 October 2018, EU leaders stressed the need to cooperate with countries of origin and transit as well as fighting people smuggling-networks. On internal security they adopted conclusions regarding many of the new threats the EU is facing, including cyber-attacks, disinformation campaigns, and terrorism. Additionally they addressed a number of external relations related issues, such as EU-Africa relations, the upcoming EU League of Arab States meeting and Climate change.

The future partnership between the European Union and the United Kingdom: Negotiating a framework for relations after Brexit

25-09-2018

Following the European Council's additional guidelines of March 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) have started discussions on their future relationship after Brexit. The aim is to agree on a political framework for their future partnership by autumn 2018, to be adopted alongside the withdrawal agreement. Conclusion of a treaty or treaties establishing future EU-UK relations will only take place after the UK leaves the Union and becomes a third country. Both parties have expressed ...

Following the European Council's additional guidelines of March 2018, the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) have started discussions on their future relationship after Brexit. The aim is to agree on a political framework for their future partnership by autumn 2018, to be adopted alongside the withdrawal agreement. Conclusion of a treaty or treaties establishing future EU-UK relations will only take place after the UK leaves the Union and becomes a third country. Both parties have expressed the desire to remain in a close partnership, which would cover several areas including trade and economic matters, internal security, foreign and security policy, and cooperation on defence. This study looks at the respective aims for, and principles underpinning, the negotiations, as expressed publicly to date by each party, and analyses some of the legal constraints and existing practices or precedents shaping EU cooperation with third-country partners. This allows assessment of the possibilities and limits of any future EU-UK partnership, in light of the stated objectives and 'red lines' officially announced, leading to the conclusion that, notwithstanding several common aims, significant divergences still persist with respect to the means of achieving the stated objectives.

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)

21-09-2018

In today's context of renewed tensions on the European continent, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has an opportunity to play a stronger role as a forum for all Europe's security actors, helping to prevent a logic of confrontation between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU versus Russia from prevailing. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) came into being during the detente of 1962-1979. It transformed the zero-sum game of ...

In today's context of renewed tensions on the European continent, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has an opportunity to play a stronger role as a forum for all Europe's security actors, helping to prevent a logic of confrontation between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU versus Russia from prevailing. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) came into being during the detente of 1962-1979. It transformed the zero-sum game of the Cold War into a positive-sum game between European states, becoming a forum for discussion between the two superpowers and European countries. However, the main achievement of the Helsinki process that formed the CSCE was that it brought all the participating countries to the negotiating table. The main outcome of the Helsinki process was less the Final Act itself than the original process of negotiations between all the participating states. After the fall of the USSR and the subsequent EU and NATO enlargements, the OSCE (as the CSCE was renamed in 1994) was redesigned as a forum for resolving Cold War tensions and it became gradually less relevant. The main elements of the European security framework established by the CSCE (Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe, Vienna Document, Open Skies Treaty) lost their ability to secure effective arms control and build confidence. There was a shift towards soft security cooperation (election monitoring, peace processes, the protection of minorities, and action to ensure a safe environment for journalists). Initiatives to reform the OSCE over the past decade have largely failed because of disagreements between member states on the objectives and the organisation's legal and financial means. Nevertheless, it remains a necessary forum when it comes to resolving a growing number of crises.

The Impact of the UK’s Withdrawal on EU Integration

09-07-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the potential effects of the UK’s withdrawal on European integration. It does so by examining the UK’s role in pushing forward and/or blocking integration in five areas: the internal market; social policy; freedom, security and justice; the Eurozone; and foreign, security and defence.

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, examines the potential effects of the UK’s withdrawal on European integration. It does so by examining the UK’s role in pushing forward and/or blocking integration in five areas: the internal market; social policy; freedom, security and justice; the Eurozone; and foreign, security and defence.

Auteur externe

Dr Tim OLIVER Dr Garvan WALSHE Professor Catherine BARNARD Professor Linda HANTRAIS Professor Matthias MATTHIJS Professor Steven PEERS

Evénements à venir

21-01-2020
Outlook for the MENA Region: What future for stabilisation and reconstruction?
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