76

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Detecting and protecting victims of trafficking in hotspots

15-07-2019

This study focuses on the issue of trafficking in human beings in the specific context of hotspots. It analyses the processes in place to facilitate the detection of victims when they arrive by sea on Greek and Italian shores, as well as the protection they are granted.

This study focuses on the issue of trafficking in human beings in the specific context of hotspots. It analyses the processes in place to facilitate the detection of victims when they arrive by sea on Greek and Italian shores, as well as the protection they are granted.

Les politiques de l’Union – Au service des citoyens: La question migratoire

27-02-2019

Les mouvements de réfugiés et le phénomène migratoire sont au cœur de l’attention mondiale. Ces dernières années, l’Europe est confrontée au défi migratoire le plus important depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L’arrivée massive de réfugiés et de migrants en situation irrégulière dans l’Union européenne, qui a atteint un sommet en 2015, a mis au jour une série d’insuffisances et de lacunes dans les politiques européennes en matière d’asile, de frontières extérieures et de migration. Face ...

Les mouvements de réfugiés et le phénomène migratoire sont au cœur de l’attention mondiale. Ces dernières années, l’Europe est confrontée au défi migratoire le plus important depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L’arrivée massive de réfugiés et de migrants en situation irrégulière dans l’Union européenne, qui a atteint un sommet en 2015, a mis au jour une série d’insuffisances et de lacunes dans les politiques européennes en matière d’asile, de frontières extérieures et de migration. Face à ces défis, l’Union s’est engagée dans un processus plus vaste de réforme visant à renforcer ses politiques d’asile et de migration, articulé autour de quatre ensembles de mesures: réduire les incitations à la migration irrégulière en s’attaquant aux causes profondes de celle-ci, améliorer les opérations de retour et démanteler les réseaux de passeurs et de trafiquants, sauver des vies et garantir la sécurité des frontières extérieures, renforcer la politique d’asile de l’Union, et créer plus de voies légales pour les demandeurs d’asile ainsi que des canaux légaux plus efficaces pour les migrants en situation régulière. Les flux migratoires sans précédent à destination de l’Union européenne enregistrés en 2015 et 2016 ont diminué à la fin de l’année 2017 et en 2018. Néanmoins, pour parvenir à une politique migratoire de l’Union qui soit, à l’avenir, «équitable, énergique et réaliste» tel que l’entend la Commission, l’Union met en œuvre des mesures à court et à plus long terme en s’appuyant sur les traités et sur d’autres instruments juridiques et financiers. Dans un contexte marqué par des conflits internes et internationaux croissants, le changement climatique et la pauvreté mondiale, l’Europe continuera probablement de représenter un refuge idéal pour les demandeurs d’asile et les migrants, compte tenu de sa position géographique ainsi que de sa stabilité, sa générosité et son ouverture notoires. Cela se traduit également dans le volume croissant, la flexibilité et la diversité des fonds européens destinés aux politiques de migration et d’asile, aussi bien dans le budget actuel et futur de l’Union qu’en dehors du cadre budgétaire. Voir également la note d’information connexe intitulée «Soutien de l’Union à la démocratie et à la paix dans le monde», PE 628.271.

Victims of trafficking in hotspots

21-02-2019

This briefing looks at the risks of exploitation faced by people leaving their countries in search of safety or better lives and arriving in Europe by sea. It gives an overview of the processes related to early identification of victims of trafficking in first reception facilities (hotspots) and the related challenges.

This briefing looks at the risks of exploitation faced by people leaving their countries in search of safety or better lives and arriving in Europe by sea. It gives an overview of the processes related to early identification of victims of trafficking in first reception facilities (hotspots) and the related challenges.

Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants: 2018 update

21-12-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims to update the 2016 study “Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants”. It takes stock of and examines the latest developments that have taken place since 2016, specifically the legislative and policy changes, along with various forms and cases of criminalisation of ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, aims to update the 2016 study “Fit for purpose? The Facilitation Directive and the criminalisation of humanitarian assistance to irregular migrants”. It takes stock of and examines the latest developments that have taken place since 2016, specifically the legislative and policy changes, along with various forms and cases of criminalisation of humanitarian actors, migrants’ family members and basic service providers. The study uses the notion of ‘policing humanitarianism’ to describe not only cases of formal prosecution and sentencing in criminal justice procedures, but also wider dynamics of suspicion, intimidation, harassment and disciplining in five selected Member States – Belgium, France, Greece, Hungary and Italy. Policing humanitarianism negatively affects EU citizens’ rights – such as the freedom of assembly, freedom of speech and freedom of conscience. When civil society is effectively (self-)silenced and its accountability role undermined, policies to combat migrant smuggling may be overused and give rise to serious breaches of the EU’s founding values, notably the rule of law, democracy and fundamental rights. Moreover, policing humanitarianism negatively affects wider societal trust and diverts the limited resources of law enforcement from investigating more serious crimes.

Auteur externe

Sergio CARRERA (scientific coordinator), CEPS and the Migration Policy Centre – European University Institute Lina VOSYLIUTE, CEPS Stephanie SMIALOWSKI, CEPS Dr Jennifer ALLSOPP, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Migration Leadership Team, London International Development Centre, SOAS University of London Gabriella SANCHEZ, Migration Policy Centre – European University Institute

Contemporary forms of slavery

20-12-2018

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing ...

This briefing aims to clarify the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and analyse the legal obligations of States, as well as recent international developments at global and EU levels. It highlights the inconsistent application of the concept by global governance actors and discusses the inclusion of various exploitative practices within this conceptual framework. It also examines the prevalence of contemporary forms of slavery and assesses the policy framework for EU external action. The briefing then recommends possible action by the EU, including: promotion of a more consistent definition and use of the concept of contemporary forms of slavery and further clarifications on the relationship with the human trafficking and forced labour frameworks; a role for the EU as catalyst in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and Targets in the field of all contemporary forms of slavery; support for standardising methods of data collection globally. Finally, the paper invites the EU to assess the possibility of drafting a new treaty on contemporary forms of slavery, as a way to fill some existing loopholes at the international level.

Auteur externe

Silvia SCARPA

FEMM Mission to Italy - 17-19 December 2018

13-12-2018

The FEMM Committee requested the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs to provide a briefing for a mission to Italy (17-19 December 2018). The focus of this FEMM mission is on conscientious objection to abortion in Italy and the trafficking of migrant women for prostitution in Italy. This briefing provides background information on both subjects.

The FEMM Committee requested the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs to provide a briefing for a mission to Italy (17-19 December 2018). The focus of this FEMM mission is on conscientious objection to abortion in Italy and the trafficking of migrant women for prostitution in Italy. This briefing provides background information on both subjects.

Child marriages: Still too many

01-06-2018

Although the official age of adulthood varies across countries, several international conventions, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been signed by 140 states, apply the definition of 'child marriage' to any couple where at least one member – usually the girl – is aged under 18. The practice of child marriage challenges both children's rights and gender equality, and exposes child brides to serious abuses and health risks. Child wives drop out of school and have ...

Although the official age of adulthood varies across countries, several international conventions, in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been signed by 140 states, apply the definition of 'child marriage' to any couple where at least one member – usually the girl – is aged under 18. The practice of child marriage challenges both children's rights and gender equality, and exposes child brides to serious abuses and health risks. Child wives drop out of school and have little access to economic resources, which hinders potential development opportunities for their community. The European Union not only constantly condemns child marriage but also endeavours to tackle this practice through targeted aid programmes. The European Parliament will again voice its concerns about the issue during the European Development Days 2018.

Transformer la vie des jeunes filles et des femmes dans le contexte des relations extérieures de l'Union européenne (2016 2020)

23-05-2018

La mise aux voix d’une proposition de résolution sur la mise en œuvre du plan d’action sur l'égalité des sexes est programmée pour la période de session de mai II. Ce plan se fonde sur quatre piliers thématiques, à savoir: garantir l'intégrité physique et psychologique des femmes et des filles; promouvoir les droits économiques et sociaux ainsi que l’émancipation des femmes et des filles; renforcer la parole et la participation des femmes et des filles; et faire évoluer la culture institutionnelle ...

La mise aux voix d’une proposition de résolution sur la mise en œuvre du plan d’action sur l'égalité des sexes est programmée pour la période de session de mai II. Ce plan se fonde sur quatre piliers thématiques, à savoir: garantir l'intégrité physique et psychologique des femmes et des filles; promouvoir les droits économiques et sociaux ainsi que l’émancipation des femmes et des filles; renforcer la parole et la participation des femmes et des filles; et faire évoluer la culture institutionnelle au sein de la Commission et du SEAE. Le projet de résolution met en exergue plusieurs évolutions positives observées après la première année de fonctionnement du plan d’action II sur l’égalité des sexes (2016-2020); il met également l’accent sur divers problèmes et pistes d’amélioration.

The vulnerability of women migrant workers in agriculture and the EU: the need for a Human Rights and Gender based approach

14-05-2018

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, explores the working conditions of migrant women in agriculture in the EU, focusing on some case studies in Italy and Spain. In particular, it aims to examine the factors that render women vulnerable to exploitation, paying attention to gendered dynamics and power relations. The study contends that to prevent ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality, explores the working conditions of migrant women in agriculture in the EU, focusing on some case studies in Italy and Spain. In particular, it aims to examine the factors that render women vulnerable to exploitation, paying attention to gendered dynamics and power relations. The study contends that to prevent and combat exploitation in agriculture it is necessary to implement concerted actions aimed at tackling, from a human rights and gender perspective, the structural factors of a socio-economic system which fosters and relies on workers’ vulnerability.

Auteur externe

Dr. Letizia PALUMBO Dr. Alessandra SCIURBA

EU security cooperation with Latin America: A priority requiring consolidation

23-11-2017

Although security cooperation is not yet a well-consolidated priority for the EU in its relations with Latin America, it has acquired increasing importance with the explicit inclusion of citizen security as a new priority area in the 2015 EU-CELAC action plan. The main current areas of EU security-related cooperation with the region are the fight against drugs; violence prevention; conflict resolution in Colombia, with an EU stake in its peace process; and the participation of some Latin American ...

Although security cooperation is not yet a well-consolidated priority for the EU in its relations with Latin America, it has acquired increasing importance with the explicit inclusion of citizen security as a new priority area in the 2015 EU-CELAC action plan. The main current areas of EU security-related cooperation with the region are the fight against drugs; violence prevention; conflict resolution in Colombia, with an EU stake in its peace process; and the participation of some Latin American countries in EU crisis-management operations in the framework of the EU's Common Security and Defence Policy. This is achieved through trans-regional, regional, sub-regional and bilateral programmes and projects, as well as through the conclusion of framework agreements with certain Latin American countries. The European Parliament is particularly involved in promoting security cooperation with the region, as evidenced by its support for a Euro-Latin American Charter for Peace and Security, in the framework of the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly, and the adoption of specific resolutions on the subject.

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