13

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Date

Plenary round-up – Strasbourg, December 2018

14-12-2018

The December plenary session was marked by the terrorist attack that took place in Strasbourg on 11 December. Members had that very day debated the report of Parliament's Special Committee on Terrorism, concluding its year's work. The December plenary session also featured debates on the preparations for the same week's European Council and Euro Summit meetings, as well as on the future of Europe, with Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus. Parliament awarded the 2018 Sakharov Prize for freedom ...

The December plenary session was marked by the terrorist attack that took place in Strasbourg on 11 December. Members had that very day debated the report of Parliament's Special Committee on Terrorism, concluding its year's work. The December plenary session also featured debates on the preparations for the same week's European Council and Euro Summit meetings, as well as on the future of Europe, with Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus. Parliament awarded the 2018 Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought to the imprisoned Ukrainian filmmaker, Oleg Sentsov, and adopted a report on the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Parliament adopted the EU's 2019 budget, and held debates and voted on proposals on a digital services tax; risk assessment in the food chain; risks related to exposure to carcinogens or mutagens at work; revision of the statutes of three EU agencies; as well as an own initiative legislative report on expedited settlement of commercial disputes. Finally, Parliament adopted positions on seven of the three dozen proposed funding programmes for the 2021-2027 period, enabling negotiations with the Council to be launched.

Expedited settlement of commercial disputes in the European Union

05-12-2018

The EU legal services market is the second largest in the world. Commercial, business to business (B2B) litigation is one of the largest segments of the legal services market. The EU measures on choice of law, choice of forum and enforcement proved to be successful in supporting EU competitiveness. However, to enhance competitiveness of the EU litigation market and ensure further growth, a set of EU measures to simplify and expedite settlement of commercial disputes is needed. The EU measures should ...

The EU legal services market is the second largest in the world. Commercial, business to business (B2B) litigation is one of the largest segments of the legal services market. The EU measures on choice of law, choice of forum and enforcement proved to be successful in supporting EU competitiveness. However, to enhance competitiveness of the EU litigation market and ensure further growth, a set of EU measures to simplify and expedite settlement of commercial disputes is needed. The EU measures should focus on the enhancement of procedural efficiency, among other things, by taking action to reduce length of procedure. The 2018 European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) suggests that the EU actions to expedite settlement of commercial disputes could generate European added value for the EU economy and businesses in the range of 4.6 to 5.7 billion EUR annually. The European added value can be created through increase in direct contribution of litigation services revenues to the EU economy and through reduction of opportunity costs to business associated with length of judicial proceedings.

Mediation Directive 2008/52/EC

15-11-2018

Mediation Directive 2008/52/EC defines the procedure of environmental impact assessment. It intends to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution mechanisms and to promote the amicable settlement of disputes, while encouraging the use of mediation. The directive applies to cross-border disputes in civil, including family law, and commercial matters. This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

Mediation Directive 2008/52/EC defines the procedure of environmental impact assessment. It intends to facilitate access to alternative dispute resolution mechanisms and to promote the amicable settlement of disputes, while encouraging the use of mediation. The directive applies to cross-border disputes in civil, including family law, and commercial matters. This note provides a brief overview of its implementation.

LES PROCÉDURES DE RECOURS COLLECTIF DANS LES ÉTATS MEMBRES DE L'UNION EUROPÉENNE

03-10-2018

Cette étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission des affaires juridiques, vise à évaluer la situation actuelle du recours collectif aux niveaux national et européen, à évaluer l’opportunité d’une intervention européenne en la matière et à fournir au Parlement européen des recommandations concrètes. Tant l’évaluation que les recommandations ont été élaborées en gardant à l’esprit la question ...

Cette étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission des affaires juridiques, vise à évaluer la situation actuelle du recours collectif aux niveaux national et européen, à évaluer l’opportunité d’une intervention européenne en la matière et à fournir au Parlement européen des recommandations concrètes. Tant l’évaluation que les recommandations ont été élaborées en gardant à l’esprit la question essentielle soulevée par les recours collectifs: l’accès à la justice. Ce principe, qui est essentiel dans une Union qui assure le respect de l’état de droit, est actuellement remis en question du fait des divergences existantes. À ce titre, la création d’un mécanisme de recours collectif harmonisé devient de plus en plus pressante.

Auteur externe

Rafael AMARO, Associate Professor at the University Paris-Descartes, France Maria José AZAR-BAUD, Associate Professor at Paris-Sud University, France Sabine CORNELOUP, Professor at the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, France Bénédicte FAUVARQUE-COSSON, Professor at the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas, France Fabienne JAULT-SESEKE, Professor at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France

International Agreements in Progress - EU-Japan trade agreement: a driver for closer cooperation beyond trade

09-07-2018

Negotiations on an EU-Japan trade agreement were officially launched in March 2013. Following the political agreement in principle reached in July 2017, a final accord on the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) was announced in December 2017. On 18 April 2018, the European Commission proposed to the Council of the European Union to sign and conclude the agreement. The Commission expects that the EU-Japan EPA can be signed in July 2018, and aims to have the agreement come into effect before ...

Negotiations on an EU-Japan trade agreement were officially launched in March 2013. Following the political agreement in principle reached in July 2017, a final accord on the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) was announced in December 2017. On 18 April 2018, the European Commission proposed to the Council of the European Union to sign and conclude the agreement. The Commission expects that the EU-Japan EPA can be signed in July 2018, and aims to have the agreement come into effect before the end of its mandate in 2019, following approval by the Council and the European Parliament. The EU-Japan EPA will establish a free trade area with a combined market of around 640 million consumers that accounts for roughly a third of the world's gross domestic product (GDP). The 2016 Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment (Trade SIA) of the agreement indicated that EU exports to Japan could rise by up to 34 %, and according to a more recent Commission estimate, European companies would save up to €1 billion in customs duties per year as a result of the EU-Japan EPA. In addition to exploiting the untapped potential of bilateral trade, the agreement is also of strategic importance, conveying a strong message of the parties' commitment to promoting a free and fair trading system based on rules, and to reject trade protectionism. [Second] edition. The 'International Agreements in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the process, from initial discussions through to ratification. To view earlier editions of this briefing, please see: PE 589.828, 7 october 2016.

Trade and sustainable development chapters in CETA

20-01-2017

The EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), signed in October 2016, is currently at the ratification stage. This agreement, concluded between like-minded trade partners, represents the new generation of EU free trade agreements (FTAs), and contains chapters covering sustainable development. The inclusion by the EU of sustainable development chapters in FTAs concluded with its partners plays a role in ensuring that trade and investment liberalisation does not lead to a deterioration ...

The EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), signed in October 2016, is currently at the ratification stage. This agreement, concluded between like-minded trade partners, represents the new generation of EU free trade agreements (FTAs), and contains chapters covering sustainable development. The inclusion by the EU of sustainable development chapters in FTAs concluded with its partners plays a role in ensuring that trade and investment liberalisation does not lead to a deterioration in environmental and labour conditions. In keeping with this trade policy practice, developed over the years, trade-related sustainability provisions, including labour and environmental considerations, are grouped in three chapters (Chapters 22 to 24) within CETA. CETA has only partially exceeded the dialogue-only approach contained in earlier EU trade agreements and has maintained the exclusion of trade and sustainable development (TSD) chapters from the scope of the state-to-state dispute settlement (SSDS) procedure. It also maintains an ad hoc two-stage dispute resolution mechanism already found in the EU-South Korea FTA. However, this mechanism does not include sanctions and focuses on mutually agreed solutions to problems. This choice by the EU is due to the still strongly cooperative nature of the TSD chapters. On CETA please refer also to the 'International Agreements in Progress' briefing on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement with Canada by Wilhelm Schöllmann.

New EU-wide online dispute resolution platform

16-02-2016

A new web-based platform, which became available on 15 February 2016 in all EU languages, will provide an easy, fast and inexpensive way to assist in resolving disputes between online buyers and traders. The platform is managed by the European Commission. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

A new web-based platform, which became available on 15 February 2016 in all EU languages, will provide an easy, fast and inexpensive way to assist in resolving disputes between online buyers and traders. The platform is managed by the European Commission. Please click here for the full publication in PDF format

L'européanisation de la procédure civile: Vers des normes minimales communes?

11-06-2015

La libre circulation des décisions dans l'espace européen de la justice suppose un degré élevé de confiance réciproque entre les autorités judiciaires des États membres. Du point de vue des citoyens, le plus important est de trouver un équilibre entre les droits fondamentaux des requérants et ceux des défendeurs, c'est-à-dire entre le droit d'accès à la justice (droit d'intenter une action) et les droits de la défense. Il y a diverses façons de construire cette confiance réciproque entre les autorités ...

La libre circulation des décisions dans l'espace européen de la justice suppose un degré élevé de confiance réciproque entre les autorités judiciaires des États membres. Du point de vue des citoyens, le plus important est de trouver un équilibre entre les droits fondamentaux des requérants et ceux des défendeurs, c'est-à-dire entre le droit d'accès à la justice (droit d'intenter une action) et les droits de la défense. Il y a diverses façons de construire cette confiance réciproque entre les autorités judiciaires. Tout d'abord, par la création de procédures civiles européennes uniformes sous la forme d'instruments facultatifs permettant de prononcer des décisions sur la base de règles de procédure communes. Deuxièmement, il est possible d'harmoniser le droit procédural selon une approche sectorielle en abordant la procédure civile dans le contexte d'autres domaines de politique tels que la propriété intellectuelle, le droit de la concurrence ou la protection des consommateurs. Troisièmement, il est également possible d'harmoniser la procédure civile par la voie de directives. Jusqu'à présent, seuls quelques domaines étroits de la procédure civile ont été abordés de cette manière. Un projet plus ambitieux a toutefois été lancé par l'Institut de droit européen (ELI) en collaboration avec l'Institut international pour l'unification du droit privé (Unidroit), qui vise à élaborer des règles européennes de procédure civile. Une fois finalisées, ces règles pourraient constituer le fondement d'une future directive sur les règles minimales de procédure civile dans l'Union.

Reform of the European Small Claims Procedure

20-05-2015

The European Small Claims Procedure (ESCP) became operational on 1 January 2009, as a special, EU-wide procedure available both to consumers and traders for pursuing cross-border claims within the Internal Market of a value not exceeding €2 000. During the first five years of its existence, however, the ESCP has been used only rarely. In 2013, the Commission proposed to amend the ESCP Regulation, to raise the ceiling for claims to €10 000, expand the definition of a 'cross-border case', increase ...

The European Small Claims Procedure (ESCP) became operational on 1 January 2009, as a special, EU-wide procedure available both to consumers and traders for pursuing cross-border claims within the Internal Market of a value not exceeding €2 000. During the first five years of its existence, however, the ESCP has been used only rarely. In 2013, the Commission proposed to amend the ESCP Regulation, to raise the ceiling for claims to €10 000, expand the definition of a 'cross-border case', increase the use of electronic communication, introduce a ceiling on court fees (10% of the claim's value) and oblige Member States to accept payment of court fees in electronic form. In April 2015, Parliament's Legal Affairs Committee adopted its report. It proposes to rename the procedure the 'European Simplified Procedure' and raise the ceiling for claims to €5 000 against natural persons, and €10 000 against legal persons. It is against weakening the cross-border requirement, but would allow claims under labour law and privacy law to be included in the regulation. The Committee would also lower the ceiling for court fees from 10% to 5% of the claim's value. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Activités transnationales dans l'Union - Faciliter la vie des citoyens (excerpt)

16-02-2015

Auteur externe

Giesela Rühl (Jena Universtity), Jan von Hein (Freiburg University), Pierre Callé (Paris Sud University, Paris XI), Michael P. Clancy (The Society of Scotland, UK), Christiane Wendehorst (Vienna University), Kurt Lechner (Notary Chamber of Palatinate, Germany), Eva Põtter (Estonian Chamber of Notaries), Paul Lagarde (Université Paris I, Panthéon-Sorbonne, Harm Schepel (Brussels School of International studies), Pablo Cortés (University of Leicester), Giuseppe De Palo (ADR Center Srl) and Gottfried Musger (Austrian Supreme Court - OGH)

Evénements à venir

20-02-2020
What is our political nature? Knowledge and reason in political decision-making
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