356

résultat(s)

Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
Auteur
Mot-clé
Date

What if artificial intelligence made work obsolete?

02-03-2020

How can we ensure an equitable distribution of costs and benefits of AI development? How should curriculums be updated for the digital age? How can continual learning be mobilised in anticipation of the next wave of workplace automation? How can we prepare for new career paths in the age of artificial intelligence? How can we protect platform workers and employers vulnerable to AI development?

How can we ensure an equitable distribution of costs and benefits of AI development? How should curriculums be updated for the digital age? How can continual learning be mobilised in anticipation of the next wave of workplace automation? How can we prepare for new career paths in the age of artificial intelligence? How can we protect platform workers and employers vulnerable to AI development?

Gender equality in sports: (slowly) changing the game

27-02-2020

Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, there is still ample room for improvement when it comes to women's participation in sports governance structures.

Even though women's presence and involvement in the Olympic Movement have progressively evolved, girls and women across the world still get fewer opportunities and less investment, training and corporate attention when they play sport. Today, there is still ample room for improvement when it comes to women's participation in sports governance structures.

Women in films: Still fighting the celluloid ceiling

27-02-2020

Even though the past 50 years have seen a significant advance in women's status in society, their depiction on screen has continued to reflect patriarchal stereotypes. Accordingly, female characters are in general younger than their male counterparts and more likely to be reduced to the role of wife, mother or girlfriend. One way to help guarantee that stories portrayed on the screen are more true to life would be to encourage and support the presence of women in key positions in the film industry ...

Even though the past 50 years have seen a significant advance in women's status in society, their depiction on screen has continued to reflect patriarchal stereotypes. Accordingly, female characters are in general younger than their male counterparts and more likely to be reduced to the role of wife, mother or girlfriend. One way to help guarantee that stories portrayed on the screen are more true to life would be to encourage and support the presence of women in key positions in the film industry.

Clash of Cultures: Transnational Governance in Cold War Europe - EPRS Annual Lecture 2019

06-02-2020

Wolfram Kaiser, a non-resident Visiting Fellow with the European Parliamentary Research Service, delivered the EPRS annual lecture in Brussels on 6 November 2019. In his lecture, he argued that the EU has been profoundly shaped by three main notions and practices of transnational governance: the struggle for executive autonomy, practices of neo-corporatist concertation and consensus-seeking, and the vision to Europeanise parliamentary democracy by 'constitutionalising' what is now the EU. He sought ...

Wolfram Kaiser, a non-resident Visiting Fellow with the European Parliamentary Research Service, delivered the EPRS annual lecture in Brussels on 6 November 2019. In his lecture, he argued that the EU has been profoundly shaped by three main notions and practices of transnational governance: the struggle for executive autonomy, practices of neo-corporatist concertation and consensus-seeking, and the vision to Europeanise parliamentary democracy by 'constitutionalising' what is now the EU. He sought to show how each has impacted on attempts to create transnational European democracy, and how they might actually have facilitated the far more aggressive contestation of European union (with a small 'u').

Auteur externe

This briefing has been written by Professor Dr Wolfram Kaiser of the University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom, at the request of the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

Les communautés juives dans l’Union européenne

23-01-2020

La population juive d’Europe a diminué au cours des dernières décennies, et de plus en plus d’actes antisémites et de violences à l’encontre de personnes juives ont eu lieu dans l’Union ces dernières années. Pour défendre ses valeurs, notamment le respect des minorités, l’Union européenne entreprend et finance des actions destinées à lutter contre l’antisémitisme. La présente note « en bref » constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018

La population juive d’Europe a diminué au cours des dernières décennies, et de plus en plus d’actes antisémites et de violences à l’encontre de personnes juives ont eu lieu dans l’Union ces dernières années. Pour défendre ses valeurs, notamment le respect des minorités, l’Union européenne entreprend et finance des actions destinées à lutter contre l’antisémitisme. La présente note « en bref » constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018

Roma and Sinti Holocaust

23-01-2020

On 27 January 1945, the Red Army liberated the Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp. Held on this date since 2002, the International Holocaust Remembrance Day is a solemn occasion to commemorate the Jewish, Roma and Sinti victims of Nazi terror. The Roma and Sinti Holocaust is still largely unknown to the public.

On 27 January 1945, the Red Army liberated the Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp. Held on this date since 2002, the International Holocaust Remembrance Day is a solemn occasion to commemorate the Jewish, Roma and Sinti victims of Nazi terror. The Roma and Sinti Holocaust is still largely unknown to the public.

L’Union européenne et la mémoire de l’Holocauste

23-01-2020

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et de membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés condamnés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation de masse vers des camps de concentration. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe ...

Le terme Holocauste désigne l’assassinat de six millions de Juifs européens, ainsi que de Roms et de membres d’autres groupes sociaux destinés condamnés à l’anéantissement par le régime nazi et ses collaborateurs. Le régime nazi mit en place dès 1933 une politique de spoliation, de discrimination d’État et de persécution des Juifs, puis de pogroms et de déportation de masse vers des camps de concentration. Cette politique fut ensuite étendue à tous les territoires et États qu’il dominait en Europe pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Les exécutions sommaires de masse («Shoah par balles») et les camps d’extermination en furent l’aboutissement. Les bourreaux furent jugés lors du procès de Nuremberg en 1945-1946, mais le tribunal préféra les inculper pour crimes contre l’humanité plutôt que pour génocide. Ce n’est qu’en 2005, à l’occasion du 60e anniversaire de la libération d’Auschwitz, qu’une résolution de l’Organisation des Nations Unies désigna le 27 janvier comme journée internationale de commémoration de l’Holocauste, aussi appelée «Journée internationale dédiée à la mémoire des victimes de l’Holocauste». Dans l’Union européenne, de nombreux programmes sont destinés à perpétuer la mémoire de ces tragédies ayant marqué l’histoire du continent. Le Parlement européen, dès 1995, adopta des résolutions rappelant le devoir de mémoire non seulement par des commémorations, mais aussi grâce à l’éducation. En novembre 2018, l’Union européenne devint un partenaire international permanent de l’Alliance internationale pour la mémoire de l’Holocauste (AIMH). La présente note d’information constitue une version mise à jour de celle de janvier 2018.

International Year of Indigenous Languages – Sami people and languages in the EU

08-01-2020

Indigenous languages are the essence of indigenous peoples' culture and traditions. They constitute the majority of the almost 7 000 languages spoken all over the world, yet, tragically, almost half of them are threatened with extinction. The loss of an indigenous language results in the loss of culture, tradition and ancestral knowledge, mainly botanical, gathered throughout the ages by those who speak it, resulting also in the loss of biodiversity. In light of this, the UN General Assembly declared ...

Indigenous languages are the essence of indigenous peoples' culture and traditions. They constitute the majority of the almost 7 000 languages spoken all over the world, yet, tragically, almost half of them are threatened with extinction. The loss of an indigenous language results in the loss of culture, tradition and ancestral knowledge, mainly botanical, gathered throughout the ages by those who speak it, resulting also in the loss of biodiversity. In light of this, the UN General Assembly declared 2019 the International Year of Indigenous Languages.

Access to cultural life for people with disabilities

02-12-2019

Despite the additional barriers they face, artists with disabilities make a creative contribution to cultural life. People with disabilities should also have equal access to works of art and be able to enjoy cultural life on a par with all citizens. The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities entered into force in 2011. It enshrined, among other rights, the right of people with disabilities to access cultural venues such as theatres, cinemas and museums, and to enjoy ...

Despite the additional barriers they face, artists with disabilities make a creative contribution to cultural life. People with disabilities should also have equal access to works of art and be able to enjoy cultural life on a par with all citizens. The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities entered into force in 2011. It enshrined, among other rights, the right of people with disabilities to access cultural venues such as theatres, cinemas and museums, and to enjoy cultural materials, books, films and music in an accessible format. It also highlighted the right of people with disabilities to participate in cultural life as both amateur and professional artists. The European Union, party to the Convention, is committed to working on legislation, and implementing and promoting programmes and actions in favour of these rights. The EU disability strategy is a step in this direction. It also covers the cultural rights of 80 million people with disabilities in the EU. According to a public consultation on disability issues carried out in accordance with the recommendations of experts from the Member States working on access to culture, such access is an important area that the EU should address. Various EU funds contribute financially to research and innovation, cultural and infrastructure projects, and programmes promoting the right to cultural life of people with disabilities within this framework. In October 2018, the EU also ratified the Marrakesh Treaty, administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization, to facilitate access to published works for people who are blind, visually impaired, or otherwise print disabled. The EU effectively became a party to the treaty as of 1 January 2019, committing to set mandatory limitations and exceptions for the benefit of the blind, visually impaired, and otherwise print disabled. The European Parliament and its Disability Intergroup, established in 1980, promote the rights, including the cultural rights, of people with disabilities.

European Capitals of Culture: In search of the perfect cultural event

28-11-2019

Between 1985 and 2019, 60 cities have held the title of European Capital of Culture – most recently Matera in Italy and Plovdiv in Bulgaria in 2019. Initiated in 1983, by Greece's then Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, the concept took shape two years later as an inter-governmental initiative under the name of the 'European City of Culture'. The success of the event was such that in 1999, the Council of the EU transformed it into a Community action, and created a more transparent rotational system ...

Between 1985 and 2019, 60 cities have held the title of European Capital of Culture – most recently Matera in Italy and Plovdiv in Bulgaria in 2019. Initiated in 1983, by Greece's then Minister of Culture, Melina Mercouri, the concept took shape two years later as an inter-governmental initiative under the name of the 'European City of Culture'. The success of the event was such that in 1999, the Council of the EU transformed it into a Community action, and created a more transparent rotational system for the designation of the titleholder. The selection procedure – last modified in 2014 – places particular focus on the monitoring of proposals, the enhanced European dimension of projects, improved competition between candidate cities, and the redefinition of the selection panel role. As more and more cities enter the European Capitals of Culture race, substantial sums of money are being spent, including on the bidding process. While in the early years of the programme (1985 1994) the average operating budget was around €25 million per city, this amount has more than doubled to reach some €60 million per city for the period 2007-2017. With rising budgets, there is also increased scrutiny of cities, national governments and the EU, as to the wider benefits in terms of the cultural development, social cohesion and city image that most bids promise. This, in turn, has led to more frequent and sophisticated monitoring and evaluation of the whole process, both by the European Commission and by the host cities themselves. The symbolic celebration of European cultural identities is however closely tied to the economic success of the operation. According to experts, over time a number of conflicts and tensions have become apparent due to the multiple and sometimes contradictory objectives of the event, e.g. economic and cultural, to name just two. Additional criticism includes failure to enable local ownership, difficulty in overcoming social divides and exhaustion of local resources. Notwithstanding that, ex-post evaluations of the event show that in general it boosts economic growth and tourism, helps build a sense of community and contributes to urban regeneration.

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