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Key Macroeconomic Indicators for Cyprus, Greece, Ireland and Portugal

12-11-2019

This document provides a selection of key indicators in Member States that are or have been subject to a Macroeconomic Adjustment Programme. Greece is still under a programme, while Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus have exited their programmes and are now under so-called post-programme surveillance. For more information on the programmes, please see a separate document on Financial Assistance to EU Member States.

This document provides a selection of key indicators in Member States that are or have been subject to a Macroeconomic Adjustment Programme. Greece is still under a programme, while Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus have exited their programmes and are now under so-called post-programme surveillance. For more information on the programmes, please see a separate document on Financial Assistance to EU Member States.

Country-Specific Recommendations in banking - November 2019

12-11-2019

Financial sector reforms have been flagged by the Commission in its Communication on the 2019 European Semester as the policy area where Member States have made the most progress during last year. This briefing focuses on the banking recommendations addressed by the Council to individual Member States within the framework of the European Semester over the past years (2011-2019). It covers all recommendations targeting individual Member States’ banking sectors from a financial stability perspective ...

Financial sector reforms have been flagged by the Commission in its Communication on the 2019 European Semester as the policy area where Member States have made the most progress during last year. This briefing focuses on the banking recommendations addressed by the Council to individual Member States within the framework of the European Semester over the past years (2011-2019). It covers all recommendations targeting individual Member States’ banking sectors from a financial stability perspective or in respect of the financing of their economies and access to finance. It takes stock of these banking relevant country-specific recommendations issued since 2011, having a closer look at the most recent recommendation iteration, as well as, looks in detail at the main topics addressed and gives an overview of the implementation by Member States as assessed by the Commission. The briefing is regularly updated.

Macro-Financial Assistance to EU Member States - State of Play, November 2019

08-11-2019

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV ...

This document provides regularly updated information on EU Member States which receive or received financial assistance from the ESM, EFSF, EFSM, the EU balance of payments assistance facility, other Member States and/or the IMF. Against the background that since August 2018 all financial assistance programmes to EU Member States have been concluded, the document focuses now on the implementation of the enhanced surveillance framework for Greece and post-programme reviews (including IMF Article IV assessments) for Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain undertaken by the European Commission (EC) in liaison with the ECB (Post-Programme Surveillance, PPS), the IMF (Post-Programme Monitoring, PPM) and the ESM (Early Warning System, EWS).

Public finances in Euro Area Member States: selected indicators - November 2019

08-11-2019

This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it gives a short explanation and the employed sources. A final section provides a summary on how the sustainability of public finances is assessed by the European and other international institutions.

This document presents selected indicators on public finance for the Euro Area Member States and the Euro Area as a whole. For each indicator, it gives a short explanation and the employed sources. A final section provides a summary on how the sustainability of public finances is assessed by the European and other international institutions.

Member States with Excessive Macroeconomic Imbalances

07-11-2019

This note provides an overview of the surveillance of the three Member States that have been assessed as experiencing excessive macroeconomic imbalances in the context of the 2019 European Semester cycle and according to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure (MIP). Separate notes describe the state of play of the MIP implementation and the MIP procedure.

This note provides an overview of the surveillance of the three Member States that have been assessed as experiencing excessive macroeconomic imbalances in the context of the 2019 European Semester cycle and according to the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure (MIP). Separate notes describe the state of play of the MIP implementation and the MIP procedure.

EU competition policy: Key to a fair single market

30-10-2019

Competition policy has been found to make a positive contribution to the EU's economic growth and the EU has one of the most robust competition policy systems in the world. European competition policy encompasses many fields, not least antitrust measures, merger control and State aid. It is enforced by the European Commission, whose decisions can be contested in the Court of Justice of the European Union. Recent policy developments include the antitrust damages system and the framework empowering ...

Competition policy has been found to make a positive contribution to the EU's economic growth and the EU has one of the most robust competition policy systems in the world. European competition policy encompasses many fields, not least antitrust measures, merger control and State aid. It is enforced by the European Commission, whose decisions can be contested in the Court of Justice of the European Union. Recent policy developments include the antitrust damages system and the framework empowering national competition authorities. Topics discussed in this paper include the role of competition policy in the digital era, merger control, instruments such as the leniency programme, commitments and settlements, and the potential impact of current political developments.

The European Semester for economic policy coordination: A reflection paper

25-10-2019

This paper provides an overview of the current EU economic governance framework, in particular of the so-called EU ‘rules- based’ surveillance framework of national budgetary, economic and social policies. It raises some broad questions on the lessons learned and proposes some reflections for the future. This document was prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit of the European Parliament and the opinions expressed are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent ...

This paper provides an overview of the current EU economic governance framework, in particular of the so-called EU ‘rules- based’ surveillance framework of national budgetary, economic and social policies. It raises some broad questions on the lessons learned and proposes some reflections for the future. This document was prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit of the European Parliament and the opinions expressed are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the European Parliament.

Understanding BEPS: From tax avoidance to digital tax challenges

21-10-2019

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum and has received further impetus through the G20/OECD Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (known as BEPS). The 2015 BEPS action plan has 15 actions, covering elements used in corporate tax-avoidance practices and aggressive tax-planning schemes. The implementation of the BEPS action plan was designed to be flexible, as a consequence of its adoption by consensus. Recommendations made in BEPS reports range ...

Action to fight corporate tax avoidance has been deemed necessary in the OECD forum and has received further impetus through the G20/OECD Base erosion and profit shifting action plan (known as BEPS). The 2015 BEPS action plan has 15 actions, covering elements used in corporate tax-avoidance practices and aggressive tax-planning schemes. The implementation of the BEPS action plan was designed to be flexible, as a consequence of its adoption by consensus. Recommendations made in BEPS reports range from minimum standards to guidelines, as well as putting in place an instrument to modify the provisions of tax treaties related to BEPS practices. In addition, putting BEPS actions into practice has involved a growing number of countries, so as to provide a more inclusive framework able to involve more countries beyond the OECD and G20 members, and build on cooperation between international organisations. The application of BEPS actions and their follow-up involves issues that remain to be implemented or addressed. Here come in particular issues beyond the avoidance techniques that were addressed in the BEPS action plan, starting with addressing tax challenges of the digital economy, building on the BEPS action1 report that defined a calendar for providing an adaptation of international tax rules to the impact of digitalisation. Based on several intermediary reports, the OECD/G20 inclusive framework on BEPS issued a work programme to develop a consensus solution to the tax challenges arising from the digitalisation of the economy. Endorsed in June 2019 by the G20, this programme outlines the steps for modernising international tax rules. An annex to this document outlines the different international fora and instruments relevant to BEPS actions and the countries or organisations that participate in them or apply them. This briefing updates an earlier edition (PE 607.288), of June 2017.

A decade on from the financial crisis: Key data

17-10-2019

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on ...

The financial crisis began with the collapse of Lehman Brothers, starting a worldwide chain reaction. The EU economy contracted for five consecutive quarters, with growth returning only in the second half of 2009. Stimulatory and fiscal actions by national governments and the EU, and the Eurosystem's loose monetary policy, helped achieve recovery. It was short-lived, however, as in 2010 a sovereign debt crisis resulted from a loss of financial market confidence, with soaring public debt. Yields on government bonds, particularly in the periphery countries, rose dramatically. Ad hoc rescue devices, such as the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism, brought the situation under control, later supported by the pledge of European Central Bank President Mario Draghi to do 'whatever it takes' to save the euro. The acute phase of the crisis ended in 2014, followed by a period of extremely low inflation and weak growth. To boost inflation, facilitate bank lending and stimulate the economy, the Eurosystem relied increasingly on quantitative easing. While 2017 was the EU's best year since the crises, with economic performance returning to pre-crisis levels, recent data suggest that the momentum is weakening, both in and outside the EU.

European Council conclusions:A rolling check-list of commitments to date

16-10-2019

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of ...

The role of the European Council – to 'provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development' and to define its 'general political directions and priorities' – has evolved rapidly over the last decade. Since June 2014, the European Council Oversight Unit within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), the European Parliament's in-house research service and think tank, has been monitoring and analysing the European Council's delivery on commitments made in the conclusions of its meetings. This overview of European Council conclusions is the latest edition of the Rolling Check-List which has been published regularly by the European Council Oversight Unit since 2014. It is designed to review the degree of progress in achieving the goals that the European Council has set itself and to assist the Parliament in exercising its important oversight role in this field.

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