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Un cadre européen pour l’intelligence artificielle

14-10-2020

légiférer sur l’utilisation des technologies de l’intelligence artificielle (IA). Ils souhaitent permettre aux citoyens de l’Union de tirer le meilleur profit de ces technologies, tout en en réglementant l’utilisation pour limiter les risques qui y sont associés. Lors de la session plénière d’octobre II, le Parlement devra se prononcer par un vote sur trois rapports d’initiative de la commission des affaires juridiques (JURI) consacrés aux questions de l’éthique, de la responsabilité civile et de ...

légiférer sur l’utilisation des technologies de l’intelligence artificielle (IA). Ils souhaitent permettre aux citoyens de l’Union de tirer le meilleur profit de ces technologies, tout en en réglementant l’utilisation pour limiter les risques qui y sont associés. Lors de la session plénière d’octobre II, le Parlement devra se prononcer par un vote sur trois rapports d’initiative de la commission des affaires juridiques (JURI) consacrés aux questions de l’éthique, de la responsabilité civile et de la propriété intellectuelle.

The Effectiveness of Conflict of Interest Policies in the EU- Member States

07-10-2020

This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations

This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations

Auteur externe

Christoph DEMMKE; Maros PAULINI; Jari AUTIONIEMI; Florian LENNER

An EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights

02-10-2020

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism ...

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF).

Addressing violations of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights

11-09-2020

The common values of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF) lie at the heart of the European integration process and are central to the values of the European Union (EU). In practice, however, individual and collective (lack of) Member State action can undermine these common values. This situation applied before the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis, but some of the national measures taken since the outbreak of the pandemic have tested the resilience of these values further. More ...

The common values of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF) lie at the heart of the European integration process and are central to the values of the European Union (EU). In practice, however, individual and collective (lack of) Member State action can undermine these common values. This situation applied before the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis, but some of the national measures taken since the outbreak of the pandemic have tested the resilience of these values further. More generally, the EU's response to DRF violations has so far not comprehensively tackled the problem. The status quo can result in impunity for criminal activities, as prosecutors are unwilling or unable to take on certain cases, as well as violations of human dignity and fundamental rights. It also denies opportunities for individuals to live out their human potential, and take advantage of economic opportunities, as well as eroding the basis for mutual trust among national administrative and judicial authorities. This Briefing puts forward a set of proposals aimed at enhancing the EU's resilience to DRF violations. It focuses in particular on possibilities for the European Parliament and national parliaments, with their dual mandate from EU citizens, to jointly strengthen their monitoring and investigative capabilities. In particular, they could build on their general resources to evaluate the implementation of (EU) law and further coordinate their tools to ensure the democratic accountability of Member State governments.

La stratégie européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées pour l’après-2020

15-07-2020

La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission PETI, analyse la stratégie européenne 2010-2020 en faveur des personnes handicapées et formule des recommandations au sujet de la nouvelle stratégie européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées. Elle rend compte de la conception et de la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie actuelle, ainsi que de ses réalisations et de ses lacunes. L ...

La présente étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission PETI, analyse la stratégie européenne 2010-2020 en faveur des personnes handicapées et formule des recommandations au sujet de la nouvelle stratégie européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées. Elle rend compte de la conception et de la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie actuelle, ainsi que de ses réalisations et de ses lacunes. L’étude formule des recommandations en ce qui concerne la stratégie européenne en faveur des personnes handicapées pour l’après-2020. Ces recommandations sont adressées au Parlement européen, à la Commission européenne et aux autres institutions de l’Union, aux États membres et aux principales parties prenantes, et portent sur les travaux préliminaires nécessaires à la préparation de la nouvelle stratégie, ainsi que sur sa conception, son contenu et ses mécanismes de mise en oeuvre et d’exécution.

Auteur externe

Lisa WADDINGTON, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (NLs) Andrea BRODERICK, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (NLs)

Droit d’initiative du Parlement européen

09-07-2020

Le Parlement européen est le seul organe démocratiquement élu de l’Union européenne. Contrairement à la plupart des parlements, il demeure toutefois officiellement dépourvu de tout droit d’initiative législative. Le pouvoir d’initiative législative appartient pour ainsi dire aux seuls organes composant l’exécutif de l’Union européenne, à savoir la Commission et — dans une mesure limitée mais croissante — le Conseil européen et le Conseil. Cette étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits ...

Le Parlement européen est le seul organe démocratiquement élu de l’Union européenne. Contrairement à la plupart des parlements, il demeure toutefois officiellement dépourvu de tout droit d’initiative législative. Le pouvoir d’initiative législative appartient pour ainsi dire aux seuls organes composant l’exécutif de l’Union européenne, à savoir la Commission et — dans une mesure limitée mais croissante — le Conseil européen et le Conseil. Cette étude, commandée par le département thématique des droits des citoyens et des affaires constitutionnelles du Parlement européen à la demande de la commission AFCO, montre que les «rapports d’initiative» du Parlement constituent un outil largement sous-estimé et méconnu permettant de modeler de manière informelle le programme politique de l’Union. La présente étude se propose d’analyser de manière circonstanciée tant les rapports d’initiative non législative que les rapports d’initiative législative. Nous exposons que le Parlement est en mesure de mettre en place un environnement coopératif susceptible d’amener la Commission à adhérer à ses propres priorités législatives et, parfois, à ses demandes législatives très spécifiques. Nous partirons de cas concrets observés au Parlement depuis 1993 pour examiner finalement les pistes et les modalités d’une réforme pragmatique des traités et de leur révision.

Auteur externe

Andreas MAURER, Michael C. WOLF

States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Situation in certain Member States IV

07-07-2020

With the virulence of the coronavirus pandemic gradually diminishing, and in the light of the restrictive measures adopted by Member States, attention remains on the way chosen by the various states to respond to the crisis. With states at various stages of relaxing emergency constraints, the effects of the coronavirus pandemic are likely to last in terms of health, economic, social, psychological and possibly even political impact. Although public attention is now turned towards the widely differing ...

With the virulence of the coronavirus pandemic gradually diminishing, and in the light of the restrictive measures adopted by Member States, attention remains on the way chosen by the various states to respond to the crisis. With states at various stages of relaxing emergency constraints, the effects of the coronavirus pandemic are likely to last in terms of health, economic, social, psychological and possibly even political impact. Although public attention is now turned towards the widely differing measures that states are taking in order to live with the virus, new challenges are emerging as international and domestic traffic, trade and free movement of people are re-established, having been all but frozen. In this context, it is still necessary to complete the overview of Member States' constitutional frameworks in response to the coronavirus pandemic with the hope that this might offer some guidance or insight, should a comparable crisis arise in the future. This is the last in a series of four briefings and completes the comparative overview of Member States' institutional responses to the coronavirus crisis by analysing the legislation of Cyprus, Czechia, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania and Slovakia. The first in the series gave an overview of the responses in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Spain, the second covered Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Romania and Slovenia, while the third covered Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden.

The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on artificial intelligence

25-06-2020

This study addresses the relation between the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. The study discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as in particular purpose limitation and data minimisation. It makes a thorough analysis of automated decision-making ...

This study addresses the relation between the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. The study discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as in particular purpose limitation and data minimisation. It makes a thorough analysis of automated decision-making, considering the extent to which it is admissible, the safeguard measures to be adopted, and whether data subjects have a right to individual explanations. The study then considers the extent to which the GDPR provides for a preventive risk-based approach, focused on data protection by design and by default.

Auteur externe

DG, EPRS_The study was led by Professor Giovanni Sartor, European University Institute of Florence, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament. It was co-authored by Professor Sartor and Dr Francesca Lagioia, European University Institute of Florence, working under his supervision.

Europeanising European Public Spheres

15-06-2020

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides a brief overview of the academic debates on Europeanisation as well as contestation and politicisation of the EU and European integration. Against this background, it focuses on the European public sphere(s), in particular those based on the media and parliaments. The study further discusses current reform proposals aiming to Europeanise ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides a brief overview of the academic debates on Europeanisation as well as contestation and politicisation of the EU and European integration. Against this background, it focuses on the European public sphere(s), in particular those based on the media and parliaments. The study further discusses current reform proposals aiming to Europeanise the European elections and concludes with recommendations on increasing the legitimacy of the European Union.

Auteur externe

Katrin AUEL, Guido TIEMANN

Conférence sur l’avenir de l’Europe

11-06-2020

Annoncée par Ursula von der Leyen et soutenue par le Parlement, la conférence sur l’avenir de l’Europe devait être l’occasion d’une réflexion approfondie sur l’orientation de l’Union et sur sa structure institutionnelle. Cependant, la pandémie de COVID-19 en a interrompu les préparatifs, de sorte que les trois institutions ne sont pas encore convenues du format, de la composition et de la structure de la conférence. Le Parlement est néanmoins déterminé à reprendre ces travaux dès que possible dans ...

Annoncée par Ursula von der Leyen et soutenue par le Parlement, la conférence sur l’avenir de l’Europe devait être l’occasion d’une réflexion approfondie sur l’orientation de l’Union et sur sa structure institutionnelle. Cependant, la pandémie de COVID-19 en a interrompu les préparatifs, de sorte que les trois institutions ne sont pas encore convenues du format, de la composition et de la structure de la conférence. Le Parlement est néanmoins déterminé à reprendre ces travaux dès que possible dans le contexte de l’après-coronavirus et débattra de la question avec le Conseil et la Commission lors de la période de session de juin.

Evénements à venir

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Autre événement -
FEMM TRAN LIBE BECA AIDA INTA CULT EMPL DROI SEDE DEVE
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Audition -
LIBE FEMM
27-10-2020
Hearing on Rebuilding fish stocks in the Mediterranean: next steps
Audition -
PECH

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