472

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Mot(s)
Type de publication
Domaine politique
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Date

The role of cohesion policy in tackling the socio-economic fallout from coronavirus

06-07-2020

The Committee on Regional Development has tabled a question to the European Commission on the role of cohesion policy in tackling the socio-economic fallout from Covid-19. The Commission is due to respond during a debate at Parliament's July plenary session.

The Committee on Regional Development has tabled a question to the European Commission on the role of cohesion policy in tackling the socio-economic fallout from Covid-19. The Commission is due to respond during a debate at Parliament's July plenary session.

Just Transition Fund

03-07-2020

The EU aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 50-55 % by 2030, and achieve climate neutrality by 2050. This will require a socio-economic transformation in regions relying on fossil fuels and carbon intensive industries. As part of the European Green Deal, on 14 January 2020, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation to create the Just Transition Fund, aimed at supporting EU regions most affected by the transition to a low carbon economy. In the context of recovery from the coronavirus ...

The EU aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 50-55 % by 2030, and achieve climate neutrality by 2050. This will require a socio-economic transformation in regions relying on fossil fuels and carbon intensive industries. As part of the European Green Deal, on 14 January 2020, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation to create the Just Transition Fund, aimed at supporting EU regions most affected by the transition to a low carbon economy. In the context of recovery from the coronavirus pandemic, an amended proposal on the Just Transition Fund (JTF) was published on 28 May 2020, increasingly the previously proposed JTF budget from €7.5 to €40 billion (in 2018 prices, with €10 billion under the core EU budget and €30 billion from Next Generation EU). Funding will be available to all Member States, while focusing on regions with the biggest transition challenges. The proposed budget for the Just Transition Fund is to be complemented with resources from cohesion policy funds and national co financing. The Fund will be part of a Just Transition Mechanism, which also includes resources under InvestEU and a public-sector loan facility. Total funding mobilised under the mechanism is expected to reach at least €150 billion. In the European Parliament, the file has been entrusted to the Committee on Regional Development (REGI). The rapporteur's draft report was published on 23 March and presented on 12 May. The REGI committee is due to vote on the report on 6 July, with a view to fixing Parliament's position for trilogue negotiations.

Cross-border regional healthcare cooperation to combat the coronavirus pandemic

22-06-2020

The pandemic has led to a situation where the healthcare systems of European regions have been heavily over burdened, with more patients to treat than they have capacity for. Several healthcare projects between cross-border regions, funded by Interreg programmes, have contributed to the fight against the virus, in particular in regions of Germany, France, Italy and Spain, some of the worst affected EU Member States.

The pandemic has led to a situation where the healthcare systems of European regions have been heavily over burdened, with more patients to treat than they have capacity for. Several healthcare projects between cross-border regions, funded by Interreg programmes, have contributed to the fight against the virus, in particular in regions of Germany, France, Italy and Spain, some of the worst affected EU Member States.

Policy Departments' Monthly Highlights - June 2020

12-06-2020

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.

Demography on the European agenda: Strategies for tackling demographic decline

02-06-2020

The EU faces a number of demographic challenges such as ageing, a declining birth rate and depopulation in some of its regions. The EU represents an ever-shrinking proportion of the world population, at just 6.9 % today (down from 13.5 % in 1960), and is projected to fall further to just 4.1 % by the end of this century. This is explained by the low fertility rates as the numbers of children being born has fallen from an EU-28 average of around 2.5 children per woman in 1960, to a little under 1.6 ...

The EU faces a number of demographic challenges such as ageing, a declining birth rate and depopulation in some of its regions. The EU represents an ever-shrinking proportion of the world population, at just 6.9 % today (down from 13.5 % in 1960), and is projected to fall further to just 4.1 % by the end of this century. This is explained by the low fertility rates as the numbers of children being born has fallen from an EU-28 average of around 2.5 children per woman in 1960, to a little under 1.6 today. This is far below the 2.1 births per woman considered necessary to maintain a stable population in the long term. Ageing is also another population trend in the EU. Due to advances in medicine and quality of life, the average life expectancy the EU has increased considerably and now stands at about 81 years on average. Demography matters. The economy, labour market, healthcare, pensions, regional development, and election results – all are driven by demography. EU Member States have their own strategies and policies in order to counteract demographic decline. The EU also has an auxiliary role when it comes to tackling demographic challenges. Nevertheless, the EU has limited legal powers when it comes to dealing with issues that are related to demography. The coronavirus epidemic also has an impact on demography. Covid-19 has caused many deaths of elderly people. Certain EU regions have been affected more than others from the spread of the coronavirus. Studies suggest that coronavirus has a considerable impact on EU population trends (such as number of deaths per country, reduction of life expectancy and family planning). Both the European Parliament and the European Committee of the Regions are preparing their own reports and opinions on issues that are related to demography.

Recherche pour la commission REGI - Le rôle de l’évaluation dans la politique de cohésion

27-05-2020

La politique de cohésion, qui représente environ un tiers du budget total de l’Union européenne, est le domaine d’action le plus évalué au niveau européen. Un cadre d’évaluation ambitieux existe déjà. La mise en oeuvre concrète offre un tableau contrasté. Le cadre facilite certes une analyse toujours plus précise des performances de la politique de cohésion; en revanche, la formulation des politiques ne tient pas systématiquement compte des évaluations réalisées, sans compter qu’elles sont parfois ...

La politique de cohésion, qui représente environ un tiers du budget total de l’Union européenne, est le domaine d’action le plus évalué au niveau européen. Un cadre d’évaluation ambitieux existe déjà. La mise en oeuvre concrète offre un tableau contrasté. Le cadre facilite certes une analyse toujours plus précise des performances de la politique de cohésion; en revanche, la formulation des politiques ne tient pas systématiquement compte des évaluations réalisées, sans compter qu’elles sont parfois perçues comme un exercice source de charges administratives. Les propositions de la Commission pour la période post-2020 visent à simplifier les règles, c’est-à-dire réduire les dispositions obligatoires et limiter les orientations écrites, ce qui n’est pas sans poser certains risques. Le Parlement européen a un rôle important à jouer. Il s’agit notamment de dresser un bilan des conclusions des évaluations pour renforcer la dimension politique de la politique de cohésion et favoriser une culture de l’évaluation dans les États membres et les régions.

Auteur externe

CSIL: Julie PELLEGRIN, Louis COLNOT, with support from Matteo PEDRALLI Country experts: University of Warsaw Diana IONESCU (RO), Tomasz KUPIEC (PL) Agnieszka OLECHNICKA (PL) CSIL: Matteo PEDRALLI (IT) ESTEP: Neringa VIRŠILIENĖ (LT) Scientific Advisers: FREE UNIVERSITY OF BRUSSELS-VUB: Nicola FRANCESCO DOTTI and THE UNIVERSITY OF MILAN: Massimo FLORIO

Exceptional coronavirus support measures of benefit to EU regions

19-05-2020

The coronavirus pandemic is affecting the EU's regions in various ways. Although the virus has spread all over Europe, certain western EU regions have recorded relatively higher numbers of Covid-19 cases and deaths. Most of the deaths from the virus have so far been particularly concentrated in certain Italian, Spanish and French regions. Healthcare systems in many EU regions are under tremendous pressure as they tackle the inflated needs caused by the coronavirus. What is more, the pandemic is also ...

The coronavirus pandemic is affecting the EU's regions in various ways. Although the virus has spread all over Europe, certain western EU regions have recorded relatively higher numbers of Covid-19 cases and deaths. Most of the deaths from the virus have so far been particularly concentrated in certain Italian, Spanish and French regions. Healthcare systems in many EU regions are under tremendous pressure as they tackle the inflated needs caused by the coronavirus. What is more, the pandemic is also having a severe impact on the European economy. As many economic sectors have reduced their activities, the social and economic impact of the pandemic is likely to be felt in all EU regions. Although it is still too early to make concrete predictions, the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic could well further impede the social, economic and territorial cohesion of the EU by increasing the existing divisions between EU regions. The European Commission has put forward a number of proposals to alleviate the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on EU territories. The European Parliament has been supportive overall of the Commission's proposals. It triggered urgent procedures in order to approve them swiftly so that EU citizens could benefit quickly from their positive impact. Actions under various EU funds and policy instruments are now geared towards health-related purposes and the reigniting of the economy. In these critical times, cohesion policy could be no exception to the rule and is being drawn on increasingly to provide emergency relief. A number of amendments to the regulation governing the European structural and investment (ESI) funds have been approved by Parliament in order to allow flexible use of the funds in addressing the challenges posed by the crisis. A number of additional regulations and policy instruments meanwhile complement the ESI funds in the fight against the pandemic's negative consequences. Local and regional authorities are at the forefront of the pandemic as they are often responsible for providing much of the emergency response. They can use the newly adopted EU measures to reinforce their coronavirus action and to support their economic sectors.

Les régions ultrapériphériques de l’Union européenne

15-05-2020

Les régions ultrapériphériques de l’Union européenne font l’objet d’un traitement spécial du fait des difficultés structurelles auxquelles elles font face, telles que l’éloignement, les difficultés posées par le relief ou la dépendance économique vis-à-vis d’un petit nombre de produits, et qui peuvent gravement entraver leur développement. Des mécanismes de soutien spécifiques existent dans le cadre de la politique de cohésion, de la politique agricole et de la politique de la pêche et la Commission ...

Les régions ultrapériphériques de l’Union européenne font l’objet d’un traitement spécial du fait des difficultés structurelles auxquelles elles font face, telles que l’éloignement, les difficultés posées par le relief ou la dépendance économique vis-à-vis d’un petit nombre de produits, et qui peuvent gravement entraver leur développement. Des mécanismes de soutien spécifiques existent dans le cadre de la politique de cohésion, de la politique agricole et de la politique de la pêche et la Commission a défini des mesures destinées à aider les régions ultrapériphériques dans des communications publiées en 2004, 2008 et 2012. Néanmoins, les régions ultrapériphériques rencontrant toujours de nombreuses difficultés dans des domaines tels que la mobilité, le chômage et la lutte contre le changement climatique, des débats ont été ouverts sur l’élaboration d’une nouvelle stratégie, publiée en octobre 2017. À la suite de vastes consultations avec les parties intéressées, la communication de 2017 offre une nouvelle approche pour soutenir le développement des régions ultrapériphériques en optimisant leurs atouts, en exploitant de nouvelles possibilités de croissance et de création d’emplois, et en ciblant davantage l’attention sur leurs situations et besoins spécifiques. Pour ce faire, la communication définit une série d’actions concrètes et coordonnées à mettre en œuvre au niveau de l’Union européenne (UE) et au niveau national, ainsi que par les régions ultrapériphériques, et appelle à renforcer le partenariat entre les régions ultrapériphériques, les États membres et l’Union. En mai 2018, la Commission européenne a présenté un vaste ensemble de propositions pour la période 2021-2027, établissant le cadre législatif requis pour mener cette stratégie après 2020. En prenant en considération les besoins spécifiques des régions ultrapériphériques dans un total de 21 propositions, la Commission a assuré la continuité de nombreuses mesures spéciales favorisant leur développement. Toutefois, ces propositions ont reçu un accueil mitigé de la part des régions ultrapériphériques, notamment en ce qui concerne les réductions proposées dans les taux de cofinancement et les ressources financières. Publié en mars 2020, le rapport de la Commission européenne sur la mise en œuvre de la communication de 2017 estime que celle-ci a fourni des résultats concrets et que le processus de mise en œuvre de la communication va dans la bonne direction. Cependant, le développement restant insuffisant dans les régions ultrapériphériques, il est clair que les difficultés persistent. Il reste à voir si la stratégie 2017 et les mesures spéciales mises en avant pour la période post-2020 suffiront à combler les inégalités avec le reste de l’Union, et à atteindre les nouveaux objectifs ambitieux du pacte vert pour l’Europe. Il s’agit d’une version révisée et actualisée d’un briefing de janvier 2018.

Coronavirus and the cost of non-Europe: An analysis of the economic benefits of common European action

11-05-2020

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European ...

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European added value' permanently lost); and (ii) a parallel failure to take advantage of the unexploited potential of collective public goods that have yet be achieved (this would be future GDP growth foregone). The latter 'cost of non-Europe' in 50 policy areas was identified by EPRS in 2019 as around 14 per cent of EU GDP by the end of a ten-year running-in period.

Specific flexibility measures for ESI funds in response to the coronavirus outbreak

15-04-2020

With much of Europe in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), on 2 April, the European Commission announced a further series of measures to help Member States cope with the socio-economic impact of the crisis. Amongst them is a proposal aiming to provide more flexibility in the use of European structural and investment funds (ESI funds). It is expected to be voted under the urgent procedure during the 16-17 April plenary session.

With much of Europe in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), on 2 April, the European Commission announced a further series of measures to help Member States cope with the socio-economic impact of the crisis. Amongst them is a proposal aiming to provide more flexibility in the use of European structural and investment funds (ESI funds). It is expected to be voted under the urgent procedure during the 16-17 April plenary session.

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