12

toradh/torthaí

Focal/focail
Saghas foilseacháin
Réimse beartas
Údar
Eochairfhocal
Dáta

The added value of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), and its revision

13-04-2018

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens, by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the ECI should provide every citizen with the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. However, the ECI in practice has had various procedural hurdles, preventing the fulfilment of the regulation's objectives. The ECI is thus not fulfilling its potential with regard to ...

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) is aimed at bringing the EU closer to its citizens, by enabling them to invite the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. Introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon, the ECI should provide every citizen with the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. However, the ECI in practice has had various procedural hurdles, preventing the fulfilment of the regulation's objectives. The ECI is thus not fulfilling its potential with regard to bringing the EU closer to its citizens. Against this background, the present study outlines the weaknesses in the existing ECI procedure. Moreover, it assesses, with a view to their added value, the main reform proposals that have been put forward to improve the ECI's functioning.

European Citizens' Initiative (ECI)

29-01-2018

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), introduced in 2009 with the Lisbon Treaty, is a key element of participatory democracy, allowing citizens to play an active role in the EU's democratic life, through addressing a request to the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. The procedure and conditions for ECIs are governed by Regulation (EU) No 211/2011, in force since April 2012. In September 2017, the European Commission presented a proposal for its amendment, picking up on a number ...

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI), introduced in 2009 with the Lisbon Treaty, is a key element of participatory democracy, allowing citizens to play an active role in the EU's democratic life, through addressing a request to the European Commission to make a proposal for a legal act. The procedure and conditions for ECIs are governed by Regulation (EU) No 211/2011, in force since April 2012. In September 2017, the European Commission presented a proposal for its amendment, picking up on a number of suggestions for improvement. This is a further update of an 'at a glance' note published in July 2017: PE 608.644. For more detailed information on the proposed amendment of the ECI Regulation, please see EPRS' 'EU Legislation in progress' briefing, Revising the European Citizens' initiative, PE 614.627.

Contribution of the European Parliament to multilevel governance: Building on a potential for a fuller right of legislative initiative for the European Parliament

30-03-2017

This analysis was prepared in the framework of the EU Fellowship Programme and presents the results of research reflecting on the full right of legislative initiative of the European Parliament in the light of the experience of the US Congress. It is based on data gathered for the purposes of the research from national parliaments of 26 EU Member States, analysis of 59 replies by the European Commission to the European Parliament's legislative initiative reports and a case study on 3 complex US laws ...

This analysis was prepared in the framework of the EU Fellowship Programme and presents the results of research reflecting on the full right of legislative initiative of the European Parliament in the light of the experience of the US Congress. It is based on data gathered for the purposes of the research from national parliaments of 26 EU Member States, analysis of 59 replies by the European Commission to the European Parliament's legislative initiative reports and a case study on 3 complex US laws, carried out on the basis of 15 interviews with Congressional staff.

Cross-border aspects of adoptions

26-01-2017

At present, there is no guarantee that domestic adoptions carried out in one EU Member State will be recognised automatically in another. The resulting hurdles facing families who move to another EU country after adopting a child can interfere with their freedom of movement, harm children’s rights, and impose significant costs. The European Parliament has identified scope for EU legal action in this area and further cooperation on several other cross-border aspects of adoption. A legislative own-initiative ...

At present, there is no guarantee that domestic adoptions carried out in one EU Member State will be recognised automatically in another. The resulting hurdles facing families who move to another EU country after adopting a child can interfere with their freedom of movement, harm children’s rights, and impose significant costs. The European Parliament has identified scope for EU legal action in this area and further cooperation on several other cross-border aspects of adoption. A legislative own-initiative report is due to be debated in plenary in February.

Tackling food waste: The EU's contribution to a global issue

29-11-2016

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level ...

In spite of the availability of food, there is still malnutrition in the world. Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final consumers. In developed countries, a significant amount of food is wasted at the consumption stage, meaning that it is discarded even though still suitable for human consumption. In developing countries food is lost mostly at the farmer-producer end of the food supply chain; much less food is wasted at consumer level. Experts assert that the largest part of food waste in developed countries is produced by households and is linked mainly to urbanisation, changes in the composition of diets, and large-scale mass distribution. Food losses and waste have negative environmental and economic impacts and their existence raises questions for society. Overall, on a per-capita basis, much more food is wasted in the industrialised world than in developing countries. In the EU, food waste has been estimated at some 88 million tonnes, or 173 kg per capita per year. The production and disposal of this food waste leads in turn to the emission of 170 million tonnes of CO2 and consumes 261 million tonnes of resources. The EU is contributing to reducing food waste mainly through its commitment to halve the disposal of edible food in the EU by 2020. Various national initiatives also aim to attain this goal. In June 2016, EU agriculture ministers adopted conclusions in which they pledged to improve data-gathering and awareness-raising on food losses and waste. In addition, they urged the European Commission to remove the legal and practical barriers so that it becomes easier to donate food. This briefing is an update of an earlier one, of January 2014.

US Congress: Speaker of the House

27-10-2015

In the wake of the first visit of Pope Francis to the United States in September 2015, John Boehner announced that he would resign one of the most powerful positions in government, the House Speaker, at the end of October. The vote in the House of Representatives for a new Speaker is likely to take place on 29 October and elections for other Republican leadership posts will be held thereafter. John Boehner was first elected to serve as Speaker in November 2010 for the 112th Congress. He was re-elected ...

In the wake of the first visit of Pope Francis to the United States in September 2015, John Boehner announced that he would resign one of the most powerful positions in government, the House Speaker, at the end of October. The vote in the House of Representatives for a new Speaker is likely to take place on 29 October and elections for other Republican leadership posts will be held thereafter. John Boehner was first elected to serve as Speaker in November 2010 for the 112th Congress. He was re-elected by the House in January 2013 for the 113th Congress, and again in January 2015 for the 114th Congress. The House Speaker is the political and parliamentary leader of the House of Representatives. He or she is elected by the House of Representatives and the role is the only House leadership position mentioned in Article 1 of the US Constitution (on the legislature). He or she is possibly the most prominent figure on Capitol Hill. Amongst many roles, the Speaker controls the legislative agenda through the House Rules Committee; appoints members of the majority party to committees; defines the priorities of the majority, raises money for the party and negotiates the terms of legislation with Senate leaders and the US President. This multiplicity of roles is argued to be a permanent source of struggle for the Speaker who has to promote the collective interest of the Chamber while simultaneously serving the interests of the House majority party. Looking back, academics argue that the Speakership has largely changed over time not only due to the institutional changes introduced but also because of the different personalities who have held the position.

The Right to Petition

15-07-2015

At the request of the Petitions Committee, this study analyses the right to petition in the European Parliament, in Scotland and in the EU Member States, from a multi-disciplinary (historical, legal and political science) comparative perspective. An evaluation framework is proposed, with the aim of assessing how key characteristics of the different petition systems, related to the legal and institutional framework (conventional features and e-petitions) and to the main players behaviour (citizens ...

At the request of the Petitions Committee, this study analyses the right to petition in the European Parliament, in Scotland and in the EU Member States, from a multi-disciplinary (historical, legal and political science) comparative perspective. An evaluation framework is proposed, with the aim of assessing how key characteristics of the different petition systems, related to the legal and institutional framework (conventional features and e-petitions) and to the main players behaviour (citizens, parliament and government), have an impact on the achievement of the goals of the right to petition, hereby enhancing its effectiveness.

Údar seachtarach

Mr Tiago TIBURCIO, Researcher at ISCTE / CIES - Lisbon University Institute

EU Administrative Law

29-04-2015

Over the last decades, the European Union has developed a series of ad hoc administrative procedures for the direct implementation of its rules in a number of areas - such as competition policy, trade policy, sate aids, access to EU documents, the EU civil service - , which resulted in a fragmented body of rules, whether in the form of law or soft law. The need to depart from this sector-specific approach to ensure consistent EU administrative procedures has therefore started to be debated in the ...

Over the last decades, the European Union has developed a series of ad hoc administrative procedures for the direct implementation of its rules in a number of areas - such as competition policy, trade policy, sate aids, access to EU documents, the EU civil service - , which resulted in a fragmented body of rules, whether in the form of law or soft law. The need to depart from this sector-specific approach to ensure consistent EU administrative procedures has therefore started to be debated in the academic sector as well as within the EU institutions. In this respect, following the entry into force of a new legal basis on administrative law introduced by the Lisbon Treaty the European Parliament has called for the adoption of a single European Administrative Procedure binding on its institutions, bodies, agency and offices including enforceable procedural rights for citizens when dealing with the Union's direct administration.

The European Citizens' Initiative: the experience of the first three years - European Implementation Assessment

15-04-2015

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) has been in operation since April 2012. Observers have identified a number of shortcomings in its implementation, which impact negatively on the effectiveness and acceptance of this relatively new instrument of transnational participatory democracy. Against this background, stakeholders are calling for simplification and a substantial revision of the current ECI framework and its application, including its implementation in the EU Member States. On 31 March ...

The European Citizens' Initiative (ECI) has been in operation since April 2012. Observers have identified a number of shortcomings in its implementation, which impact negatively on the effectiveness and acceptance of this relatively new instrument of transnational participatory democracy. Against this background, stakeholders are calling for simplification and a substantial revision of the current ECI framework and its application, including its implementation in the EU Member States. On 31 March 2015, the Commission presented its first report on the application of the ECI Regulation. While it concluded that it considered the ECI to be fully implemented, it however listed a few areas for improvement. It is widely expected that this review, together with the European Ombudsman's recent recommendations, will prompt a revision of that regulation. This paper seeks to provide a systematic overview of the current weaknesses in the ECI process and puts forward concrete recommendations for a better functioning ECI.

Challenges in Constitutional Affairs in the New Term: Taking Stock and Looking Forward

15-10-2014

This document is a compendium of the following notes: - Assessing the EU inter-institutional dynamics after the EP elections ; - Constitutional evolution of the EU ; - European democracy ; - Transparency Register.

This document is a compendium of the following notes: - Assessing the EU inter-institutional dynamics after the EP elections ; - Constitutional evolution of the EU ; - European democracy ; - Transparency Register.

Údar seachtarach

Yves Bertoncini, Uwe Puetter, Olivier Costa, Wolfgang Wessel, Monica Claes, Steve Peers, Carlos Closa Montero, Luciano Bardi, Enrico Calossi, Marta Ballesteros and David Coen

Pairtnéirí