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Covered bonds – Issue and supervision, exposures

24-01-2020

Covered bonds are debt securities issued by credit institutions and secured by a pool of mortgage loans or credit towards the public sector. They are characterised further by the double protection offered to bondholders, the segregation of assets in their cover pool, over-collateralisation, and their strict supervisory frameworks. Currently, their issuance is concentrated in five Member States. National regulatory regimes vary widely in terms of supervision and composition of the cover pool. Lastly ...

Covered bonds are debt securities issued by credit institutions and secured by a pool of mortgage loans or credit towards the public sector. They are characterised further by the double protection offered to bondholders, the segregation of assets in their cover pool, over-collateralisation, and their strict supervisory frameworks. Currently, their issuance is concentrated in five Member States. National regulatory regimes vary widely in terms of supervision and composition of the cover pool. Lastly, despite benefiting from preferential treatment under the Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR), they share no common definition, which can lead to different securities benefiting from this treatment. To remedy this, the Commission has adopted proposals for, on the one hand, a directive, which would lay down investor protection rules and provide common definitions, and on the other, a regulation, which would amend the CRR with regard to covered bond exposures. Parliament voted in plenary on 18 April 2019 to adopt the texts agreed in trilogue. After linguistic corrections, Parliament approved corrigenda and the two acts were signed on 27 November 2019. Third edition. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

The Urgent Need for a Review of the ECB's Monetary Policy Strategy: Towards an Institutional Review

15-11-2019

It has been sixteen years since the European Central Bank has undertaken a review of its monetary policy. In the intervening time, the world – and the economic challenges facing the ECB – have changed immensely. This paper argues that a review is overdue but that it should not be limited to policies; instead, an institutional review is needed. This would consist of a backward-looking assessment of outcomes versus mandates, coupled with a forward-looking scenario planning exercise. This document was ...

It has been sixteen years since the European Central Bank has undertaken a review of its monetary policy. In the intervening time, the world – and the economic challenges facing the ECB – have changed immensely. This paper argues that a review is overdue but that it should not be limited to policies; instead, an institutional review is needed. This would consist of a backward-looking assessment of outcomes versus mandates, coupled with a forward-looking scenario planning exercise. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs.

Údar seachtarach

Christopher A. HARTWELL

Task Ahead: Review of the ECB's Monetary Policy Strategy

15-11-2019

The new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde, indicated in her appointment hearing in ECON on 4 September, that she would be open to a review of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy. The last review was carried out in 2003. ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 5 papers on this topic ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

The new ECB President, Ms Christine Lagarde, indicated in her appointment hearing in ECON on 4 September, that she would be open to a review of the ECB’s monetary policy strategy. The last review was carried out in 2003. ECON’s Monetary Expert Panel has produced 5 papers on this topic ahead of the Monetary Dialogue on 2 December. This publication is provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).

Údar seachtarach

Christophe BLOT, Jérôme CREEL, Paul HUBERT, Daniel GROS, Angela CAPOLONGO, Jérémie COHEN-SETTON, Christopher G. COLLINS, Joseph E. GAGNON, Karl WHELAN, Christopher A. HARTWELL

Towards a fundamental re-design of Banks’ Stress Tests in the EU?

04-10-2019

On 26 September 2019, Andrea Enria, Chair of the European Central Bank’s Supervisory Board, gave a speech on the future of stress testing (“The future of stress testing – realism, relevance and resources”) in which he outlined a proposal on how to achieve meaningful progress with a view to make the tests both more realistic and more relevant, with fewer resources required. Andrea Enria’s proposals involve a decisive re-design of the stress test exercise. Stress tests are currently carried out using ...

On 26 September 2019, Andrea Enria, Chair of the European Central Bank’s Supervisory Board, gave a speech on the future of stress testing (“The future of stress testing – realism, relevance and resources”) in which he outlined a proposal on how to achieve meaningful progress with a view to make the tests both more realistic and more relevant, with fewer resources required. Andrea Enria’s proposals involve a decisive re-design of the stress test exercise. Stress tests are currently carried out using a “constrained bottom-up approach” whereby supervisory authorities ensure a quality check of models run by banks. It is suggested to split stress tests into a supervisory view (“top-down” approach along the lines of stress tests under Dodd-Frank in the US) and a “banks’ view” (bottom-up approach).

Anti-money laundering - reinforcing the supervisory and regulatory framework

02-09-2019

On the back of a number of high profile cases and alleged cases of money laundering, this briefing presents current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU. This briefing first outlines (1) the EU supervisory architecture and the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying anti-money laundering legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive and (2) ways that have been proposed ...

On the back of a number of high profile cases and alleged cases of money laundering, this briefing presents current initiatives and actions aiming at reinforcing the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory framework in the EU. This briefing first outlines (1) the EU supervisory architecture and the respective roles of European and national authorities in applying anti-money laundering legislation that have been further specified in the 5th AML Directive and (2) ways that have been proposed to further improve the anti-money laundering supervisory and regulatory frameworks, including the 12 September 2018 Commission’s communication, the changes to the European Supervisory Authority (ESA) Regulation adopted by the co-legislators on the basis of a Commission proposal and the most recent Commission’s state of play of supervisory and regulatory landscapes on anti-money laundering. Some previous AML cases are presented in Annex. This briefing updates an EGOV briefing originally drafted in April 2018. On a more prospective note, this briefing also presents (3) some possible additional reforms to bring about a more integrated AML supervisory architecture in the EU. In that respect, President-elect U. von der Leyen’s political declaration stresses the need for further action without specifying at this stage possible additional supervisory and regulatory developments: “The complexity and sophistication of our financial system has opened the door to new risks of money laundering and terrorist financing. We need better supervision and a comprehensive policy to prevent loopholes.”

Single Supervisroy Mechanism (SSM) – Accountability arrangements and legal base for hearings in the European Parliament - State of Play - August 2019

29-08-2019

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

This note prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit provides an overview of the EP’s accountability hearings in the context of the Single Supervisory Mechanism.

Banking Union: Completing the Single Rule Book

18-07-2019

This briefing provides an insight into where banking legislation stands in terms of providing a ‘single rule book’ for the purposes of supervising banks in the Banking Union It also identifies the key areas where further harmonisation would facilitate both supervision and resolution.

This briefing provides an insight into where banking legislation stands in terms of providing a ‘single rule book’ for the purposes of supervising banks in the Banking Union It also identifies the key areas where further harmonisation would facilitate both supervision and resolution.

Banking Union: Defusing the “home/host” debate

16-07-2019

While a banking group located in the Banking Union is supervised by a single supervisor (SSM) and no longer by home and host supervisors, subsidiaries are subject to individual requirements with remaining national powers over legal entities of a group. Further integration of banking groups’ risk management has been identified by the Chair of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) as one of the remaining steps to completing the Banking Union. For the Chair of the SSM, there are “still obstacles to ...

While a banking group located in the Banking Union is supervised by a single supervisor (SSM) and no longer by home and host supervisors, subsidiaries are subject to individual requirements with remaining national powers over legal entities of a group. Further integration of banking groups’ risk management has been identified by the Chair of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) as one of the remaining steps to completing the Banking Union. For the Chair of the SSM, there are “still obstacles to the integrated management of bank capital and liquidity within cross-border groups operating in the banking union”. As the SSM put it “the fences should be removed; they are out of place within a banking union where the concept of home and host supervisors has disappeared”.

Banking Union Essential Terms: Technical Abbreviations & Glossary

15-02-2019

This note, prepared by Policy department A, gives an overview of the glossary of the Banking Union essential terms which was published in July 2018.

This note, prepared by Policy department A, gives an overview of the glossary of the Banking Union essential terms which was published in July 2018.

Study in focus: Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US - Dodd-Frank Reform

15-01-2019

This paper, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee, gives an overview of the key provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act which were presented in the study on Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US.

This paper, prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the ECON Committee, gives an overview of the key provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act which were presented in the study on Financial Supervision and Regulation in the US.

Imeachtaí atá ar na bacáin

26-10-2020
European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
Imeacht eile -
FEMM TRAN LIBE BECA AIDA INTA CULT EMPL DROI SEDE DEVE
26-10-2020
Joint LIBE - FEMM Hearing on Trafficking in human beings
Éisteacht -
LIBE FEMM
27-10-2020
Hearing on Rebuilding fish stocks in the Mediterranean: next steps
Éisteacht -
PECH

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