9

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Područje politike
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Datum

Charging of heavy goods vehicles

17-10-2018

In May 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal for a directive amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures (known as the Eurovignette Directive) that would substantially modify the existing legislation. The European Parliament is due to vote during its October II plenary session on the May 2018 report on the proposal, from its Committee on Transport and Tourism.

In May 2017, the European Commission adopted a legislative proposal for a directive amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures (known as the Eurovignette Directive) that would substantially modify the existing legislation. The European Parliament is due to vote during its October II plenary session on the May 2018 report on the proposal, from its Committee on Transport and Tourism.

Setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles

13-09-2018

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for a regulation setting CO2 emission performance standards for some categories of new 'rigid lorries' and 'tractors'. The proposal seeks to contribute to achieving the climate target set by the Paris Agreement, adopted on 12 December 2015, i.e. 'holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts ...

This initial appraisal assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's impact assessment accompanying its proposal for a regulation setting CO2 emission performance standards for some categories of new 'rigid lorries' and 'tractors'. The proposal seeks to contribute to achieving the climate target set by the Paris Agreement, adopted on 12 December 2015, i.e. 'holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels'. In addition, it intends to help Member States achieving the national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets in the road transport sector for the period 2021-2030 set by the 'effort sharing' regulation proposed by the Commission. The appraisal concludes that the impact assessment clearly defines the problems to be addressed, although in a couple of cases only one option is considered (in addition to the baseline). In such cases, the Commission's approach appears not to be entirely in line with the better regulation toolbox. The analysis carried out appears to be sound and well evidenced, providing ample and detailed insight into the issues considered. The analysis of impacts focuses on the economic and environmental dimension, consistently with the manner in which the problems have been defined. Their quantitative assessment is based on three models which, according to the IA, have already been 'successfully' used in previous impact assessment regarding transport, energy and climate policies, The IA appears to have addressed all of the Regulatory Scrutiny Board's recommendations, and the legislative proposal seems to be consistent with the analysis carried out in the IA.

Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles

06-06-2018

Heavy-duty vehicles (HDV) are responsible for around a quarter of CO2 emissions from road transport in the EU. Without further action, their emissions are expected to grow due to increasing road transport volumes. To address this issue, the European Commission recently proposed targets for reducing the CO2 emissions of new HDVs over the 2020-2030 period. These build on a 2017 proposal for a regulation on the monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of HDVs, on which a trilogue ...

Heavy-duty vehicles (HDV) are responsible for around a quarter of CO2 emissions from road transport in the EU. Without further action, their emissions are expected to grow due to increasing road transport volumes. To address this issue, the European Commission recently proposed targets for reducing the CO2 emissions of new HDVs over the 2020-2030 period. These build on a 2017 proposal for a regulation on the monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of HDVs, on which a trilogue agreement was reached in March 2018. The European Parliament is expected to vote on the agreed text during its June 2018 plenary session.

Revision of the 'Eurovignette' directive

26-09-2017

The IA contains a wealth of information, data and research, both internal and external, but some parts of the complex analysis lack clarity and coherence. The extensive quantitative estimations are not always comparable in structure and thus difficult to relate to each other. The potential contribution of the options to the reduction of CO2 emissions and to the REFIT exercise remains vague, as well as their impact on SMEs. The IA concludes that higher revenues, better road quality and considerable ...

The IA contains a wealth of information, data and research, both internal and external, but some parts of the complex analysis lack clarity and coherence. The extensive quantitative estimations are not always comparable in structure and thus difficult to relate to each other. The potential contribution of the options to the reduction of CO2 emissions and to the REFIT exercise remains vague, as well as their impact on SMEs. The IA concludes that higher revenues, better road quality and considerable environmental and social benefits would compensate for the regulatory and compliance costs of the initiatives. At the same time, it acknowledges that under all options the impacts of the proposals are uncertain because the introduction of tolls remains voluntary and subject to national policy orientations.

Road charges for private vehicles in the EU

25-05-2016

Road charges are fees for the use of a particular road network or section of road. Since the 1990s, the focus of European transport policy has shifted from the application of road pricing purely as a means to generate revenue towards the use of charges as an instrument against pollution and congestion. Charging for road infrastructure is an option to implement basic principles of EU policy such as the 'user-pays principle' or the 'polluter-pays principle'. It can serve different functions such as ...

Road charges are fees for the use of a particular road network or section of road. Since the 1990s, the focus of European transport policy has shifted from the application of road pricing purely as a means to generate revenue towards the use of charges as an instrument against pollution and congestion. Charging for road infrastructure is an option to implement basic principles of EU policy such as the 'user-pays principle' or the 'polluter-pays principle'. It can serve different functions such as financing, managing traffic flow or making all costs perceptible so as to influence the behaviour of road users. As the transport of goods is linked with the functioning of the Single Market, the charging of heavy goods vehicles is regulated at European level. In contrast, there is no regulation at European level on the road charging of private vehicles, though Member States establishing such schemes are obliged to apply the basic principles of the Treaties, in particular the principles of proportionality and of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality. As a consequence of the regulation at national level, many different charging schemes are applied in the EU. These vary, principally according to the way they are levied: distance-based schemes levied by means of tolls, or time-based schemes, levied using vignettes. All schemes are associated with considerable levying costs. Technological developments such as electronic charging can offer opportunities to reduce these costs. However, lack of interoperability between the various systems generates additional costs and hindrances for European mobility.

Electronic Toll Service and road charging

06-06-2013

The maintenance and development of road infrastructure, allowing for smooth mobility of persons and goods, is essential for the internal market. Tolls are increasingly used but existing toll systems are often mutually incompatible, leading to delays. Moreover, public investment in inland transport has been decreasing for years.

The maintenance and development of road infrastructure, allowing for smooth mobility of persons and goods, is essential for the internal market. Tolls are increasingly used but existing toll systems are often mutually incompatible, leading to delays. Moreover, public investment in inland transport has been decreasing for years.

The Impact of Overtaking Bans for Heavy Goods Vehicles on Two-Lane Highways, on Traffic Flows and Routes of Transport

15-03-2010

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Delays on 2-lane divided highways can be caused by HGVs overtaking each other. This Note presents details of the research carried out and schemes introduced in EU countries to ban HGV overtaking movements. A cost benefit analysis concludes that annual benefits of up to 1500 million euro could be realised by introducing such schemes at optimal locations.

Vanjski autor

Ewan Hardman, Ben Morris, Peter Owlett and Tim Rees (TRL Limited)

Eurovignette III Recent Developments and Medium-term Policy Options

15-12-2008

This briefing note deals with the proposed EU directive amending Directive 1999/62 and introducing charges for external costs for heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). In a first step the Commission’s proposal is compared to the conclusions of the Handbook on the estimation of external costs in the transport sector. In a second step the most controversial issues are discussed, such as the choice of external cost components, the treatment of congestion costs, the treatment of caps, network application and ...

This briefing note deals with the proposed EU directive amending Directive 1999/62 and introducing charges for external costs for heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). In a first step the Commission’s proposal is compared to the conclusions of the Handbook on the estimation of external costs in the transport sector. In a second step the most controversial issues are discussed, such as the choice of external cost components, the treatment of congestion costs, the treatment of caps, network application and the use of revenues. Finally, some medium-term perspectives and policy options are provided.

Vanjski autor

Markus Mailbach (INFRAS)

Pricing systems for road freight transport in EU member states and Switzerland

15-07-2008

The aim of this study is to provide an in-depth analysis of the existing charging system for heavy goods vehicles (HGV) in the European Union and in Switzerland. This study therefore, presents an overall picture of the current schemes in operation and their impacts, in light of the proposed development of the "Eurovignette" directive, the debate on climate change and the expected growth in road freight transport.

The aim of this study is to provide an in-depth analysis of the existing charging system for heavy goods vehicles (HGV) in the European Union and in Switzerland. This study therefore, presents an overall picture of the current schemes in operation and their impacts, in light of the proposed development of the "Eurovignette" directive, the debate on climate change and the expected growth in road freight transport.

Vanjski autor

Angelo Martino, Silvia Maffii, Elisa Boscherini and Maurizia Giglio (Trasporti e Territorio - TRT, Milan, Italy)

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