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Coronavirus and the cost of non-Europe: An analysis of the economic benefits of common European action

11-05-2020

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European ...

This EPRS paper focuses on the economic benefits of common action at European level and the risk involved if the current coronavirus crisis and its aftermath were to stall or reverse the process of European integration. It attempts to quantify the losses from: (i) any gradual dismantling of the EU project - where cautious estimates suggest that erosion of the EU single market alone would cost the European economy between 3.0 and 8.7 per cent of its collective GDP (this would be existing 'European added value' permanently lost); and (ii) a parallel failure to take advantage of the unexploited potential of collective public goods that have yet be achieved (this would be future GDP growth foregone). The latter 'cost of non-Europe' in 50 policy areas was identified by EPRS in 2019 as around 14 per cent of EU GDP by the end of a ten-year running-in period.

European added value of an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights - Preliminary assessment

23-04-2020

This preliminary European Added Value Assessment provides a comparison of the main features of the methodologies proposed by the European Parliament and the Commission on monitoring compliance with EU values. It reveals that though the Commission has made a significant step towards Parliament's position, four key differences in their approach remain. These notably relate to what is assessed, by whom and which follow-up is to be provided. The Parliament calls for an interinstitutional agreement in ...

This preliminary European Added Value Assessment provides a comparison of the main features of the methodologies proposed by the European Parliament and the Commission on monitoring compliance with EU values. It reveals that though the Commission has made a significant step towards Parliament's position, four key differences in their approach remain. These notably relate to what is assessed, by whom and which follow-up is to be provided. The Parliament calls for an interinstitutional agreement in accordance with which a Panel of Independent Experts should assess the state of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights in the Member States. Based on this Report the Parliament and national parliaments as well the Council should be able to recommend follow up action to the Commission in terms of monitoring and enforcement. The Commission takes a more limited analysis of the rule of law into its own hands, relying on a network of Member State contact points. In view of its prerogatives, the Commission does not wish to be bound to a certain follow up.

Added value of a common EU response to the economic consequences of the coronavirus pandemic

17-04-2020

In addition to the tragic loss of human lives, the ongoing novel coronavirus pandemic will have severe consequences for the European economy. Common action at EU level and coordinated long-term strategic action at international level is more necessary than ever before. In particular, in addition to the measures taken after the 2008 economic and financial crisis, a resolute move towards greater common policy action and a deepening of the single market, more strategic autonomy, increased common investment ...

In addition to the tragic loss of human lives, the ongoing novel coronavirus pandemic will have severe consequences for the European economy. Common action at EU level and coordinated long-term strategic action at international level is more necessary than ever before. In particular, in addition to the measures taken after the 2008 economic and financial crisis, a resolute move towards greater common policy action and a deepening of the single market, more strategic autonomy, increased common investment, and a reasonable deepening of risk-sharing within the economic and monetary union (EMU), could help to achieve a rapid, broad based and sustainable recovery. Our simulations, which use growth models based on long-term scenarios to 2035, indicate that the cost of complacency could be substantial. In a pessimistic worst-case scenario, where the policy response is fragmented and where no risk-sharing takes place, potential added value growth would be reduced by 0.8 % in 2035. For 2020 to 2035, this would represent a cumulated €2.9 trillion of added value losses for the EU as a whole compared to the initial baseline. In a more optimistic scenario, we assume a decisive move towards more sustained common action at EU level. As a result, potential added value growth is initially less impacted and the common action boosts long-term growth prospects to levels surpassing the estimates from the baseline scenario. For 2020 to 2035, such a scenario would represent a cumulated gain of €0.5 trillion of added value for the EU as a whole compared to the initial baseline.

Towards a joint European approach on vaccination

08-04-2020

Diseases such as measles and the recent Covid-19 outbreak show the need of a joint European approach and EU actions in the area of vaccination to prevent, reduce and eradicate diseases.

Diseases such as measles and the recent Covid-19 outbreak show the need of a joint European approach and EU actions in the area of vaccination to prevent, reduce and eradicate diseases.

Impact of the Erasmus+ programme

07-04-2020

Erasmus+ is the EU programme in the field of education and training, and highly valued by the Member States, the general public and the stakeholders. The European Added Value is high. The multiplier effect of this investment is EUR 10 (lowest estimation) for each EUR 1 invested within 5 years.

Erasmus+ is the EU programme in the field of education and training, and highly valued by the Member States, the general public and the stakeholders. The European Added Value is high. The multiplier effect of this investment is EUR 10 (lowest estimation) for each EUR 1 invested within 5 years.

Autore esterno

Mueller, Klaus

EU-27 support for national short-time work schemes

02-04-2020

The outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic hits all Member States, not all in the same way but the impact can spill over on to those Member States not (yet) so much affected. A common STW for the EU 27 can support/reinsure the existing national STW’s. This scheme would limit severe economic crisis, through its stabilising effect on disposable income. It would strengthen the social dimension of EU 27 and demonstrate European solidarity bringing support directly to the citizens.

The outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic hits all Member States, not all in the same way but the impact can spill over on to those Member States not (yet) so much affected. A common STW for the EU 27 can support/reinsure the existing national STW’s. This scheme would limit severe economic crisis, through its stabilising effect on disposable income. It would strengthen the social dimension of EU 27 and demonstrate European solidarity bringing support directly to the citizens.

Autore esterno

Müller, Klaus

The impact of the free movement of economically active citizens within the EU

18-12-2019

In recent years employment rates increased for nationals and mobile EU-citizens especially when minimum wages and/or collective agreements were in place. The free movement leads to higher employment, higher productivity and income, and has a positive impact on taxes and social contributions. However, the vocational qualifications are not fully recognized, therefore the potential cannot be used to the full extent.

In recent years employment rates increased for nationals and mobile EU-citizens especially when minimum wages and/or collective agreements were in place. The free movement leads to higher employment, higher productivity and income, and has a positive impact on taxes and social contributions. However, the vocational qualifications are not fully recognized, therefore the potential cannot be used to the full extent.

Autore esterno

Müller, Klaus

Common minimum standards of civil procedure: European Added Value Assessment

28-11-2019

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) estimates whether and to what extent adoption of EU minimum standards of civil procedure could generate European added value. The European added value is quantified as a percentage reduction of the total cost of civil procedure. The total cost of civil procedure is estimated based on data on the number of civil and commercial proceedings in the EU-28 and the cost of litigation in the Member States. Based on this analysis, the EAVA estimates that introducing ...

The European Added Value Assessment (EAVA) estimates whether and to what extent adoption of EU minimum standards of civil procedure could generate European added value. The European added value is quantified as a percentage reduction of the total cost of civil procedure. The total cost of civil procedure is estimated based on data on the number of civil and commercial proceedings in the EU-28 and the cost of litigation in the Member States. Based on this analysis, the EAVA estimates that introducing EU common minimum standards of civil procedure could reduce annual costs for citizens and businesses in the European Union by as much as €4.7 to 7.9 billion per annum. The European added value could be potentially generated through reduction of fragmentation, simplification and filling gaps in the current EU procedural rules. Furthermore, EU common minimum standards would contribute towards building mutual trust between judicial authorities of different Member States. Increasing trust has the potential to enhance legal certainty and stability for citizens and businesses, further reduce uncertainty and delay costs.

Geographical indications for non-agricultural products

07-11-2019

This Cost of Non-Europe report seeks to quantify the costs arising from the lack of European Union (EU) legislation protecting Geographical Indications (GIs) for non-agricultural products and to analyse the benefits foregone for citizens, businesses and Member States. The report estimates that introducing EU-wide GI protection for non-agricultural products would have an overall positive effect on trade, employment and rural development. More precisely, after approximately 20 years of implementation ...

This Cost of Non-Europe report seeks to quantify the costs arising from the lack of European Union (EU) legislation protecting Geographical Indications (GIs) for non-agricultural products and to analyse the benefits foregone for citizens, businesses and Member States. The report estimates that introducing EU-wide GI protection for non-agricultural products would have an overall positive effect on trade, employment and rural development. More precisely, after approximately 20 years of implementation, such a protection scheme would yield an overall expected increase in intra-EU trade of about 4.9-6.6 % of current exports (€37.6-50 billion) in the more relevant sectors. Expectations are that regional-level employment would rise by 0.12-0.14 % and that 284 000-338 000 new jobs would be created in the EU as a whole. The expected positive impact on rural development would materialise, among other things, through direct support for locally based high-quality producers, rural economic diversification and local producers' capacity to organise collectively.

Impact Assessment and European Added Value work during the eighth legislative term, 2014-2019

03-07-2019

The responsibility for better law-making is shared between the European Union institutions. In recent years Parliament has developed its own instruments to guarantee proper and independent assessment and to support parliamentary committees in their work. The concept of impact assessment is applied throughout the whole policy cycle – on both an ex-ante and an ex-post basis – from the design of legislation through to its implementation, evaluation and revision. The European Parliament also advocates ...

The responsibility for better law-making is shared between the European Union institutions. In recent years Parliament has developed its own instruments to guarantee proper and independent assessment and to support parliamentary committees in their work. The concept of impact assessment is applied throughout the whole policy cycle – on both an ex-ante and an ex-post basis – from the design of legislation through to its implementation, evaluation and revision. The European Parliament also advocates a proper assessment of European added value, in terms of what savings will result from a European solution and if supplementary costs would arise in the absence of a European solution. This briefing provides a look back over five years’ experience in support of better regulation for the benefit of citizens.

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11-06-2020
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EPRS online Book Talk | A Certain Idea of France: The life of Charles de Gaulle
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