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Renewable energy in EU agriculture

23-11-2016

The agricultural sector accounts for almost 10 % of greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union, mainly for food production and transport. In recent years, European farmers have made efforts to significantly reduce this environmental footprint by increasing their consumption and production of renewable energy, which is derived from natural resources that are naturally replenished. While there is enormous potential for the production of renewable energy on farms due to the availability of wind, ...

The agricultural sector accounts for almost 10 % of greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union, mainly for food production and transport. In recent years, European farmers have made efforts to significantly reduce this environmental footprint by increasing their consumption and production of renewable energy, which is derived from natural resources that are naturally replenished. While there is enormous potential for the production of renewable energy on farms due to the availability of wind, sunlight, biomass and agricultural waste, important barriers and challenges still remain.

Solar Energy Policy in the EU and the Member States, from the Perspective of the Petitions Received

10-06-2016

Upon request by the PETI Committee, the Policy Department on Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned the present study in order to assess a series of petitions received in relation to solar energy policies in Member States and their compatibility with EU laws and policies. The petitions examined raise three main concerns, i.e. policy risk in support systems, self-consumption and industrial policy in EU Member States, notably Spain, Belgium, Germany and Italy. The analysis concludes ...

Upon request by the PETI Committee, the Policy Department on Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs commissioned the present study in order to assess a series of petitions received in relation to solar energy policies in Member States and their compatibility with EU laws and policies. The petitions examined raise three main concerns, i.e. policy risk in support systems, self-consumption and industrial policy in EU Member States, notably Spain, Belgium, Germany and Italy. The analysis concludes that renewables’ support policies should be stable and avoid frequent or retro-active changes; that the regulated extension of self-consumption is accompanied by measures to ensure that “prosumers” contribute to financing grid costs and other costs; and that industrial policy for renewables is stable and predictable.

Autore esterno

Jenny WINKLER and Mario RAGAWITZ (Fraunhofer ISI)

China's shift to clean energies

05-05-2015

The Chinese government’s significant policy and financial support for the renewable energy sector confirmed China's world leadership in total installed renewable power capacity in 2013. For the first time China’s new renewable power capacity exceeded its new fossil fuel and nuclear capacity. In 2013, China attracted more green investment than the EU28. With the rebalancing of its overall economy from an export-led to a more consumption-based growth model, the Chinese renewable energy sector is redirecting ...

The Chinese government’s significant policy and financial support for the renewable energy sector confirmed China's world leadership in total installed renewable power capacity in 2013. For the first time China’s new renewable power capacity exceeded its new fossil fuel and nuclear capacity. In 2013, China attracted more green investment than the EU28. With the rebalancing of its overall economy from an export-led to a more consumption-based growth model, the Chinese renewable energy sector is redirecting its focus from exports towards greater domestic use. The adoption of the Renewable Energy Law (REL) in 2005 was an important turning point in China’s evolving renewable energy policy. China’s first regulatory framework for clean energy promotion laid the foundation for the provision of systematic support to the development of renewable energies. The 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-10) introduced a 10% target for non-fossil energy as a portion of total energy consumption for the first time. The 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-15) includes a non-fossil energy target of 11.4% and, more importantly, defines seven strategic emerging industries (SEIs) set to foster green growth and China’s worldwide leadership in these sectors. Despite this remarkably positive trend, the share of renewable energy in China’s energy mix remains low, as growth in fossil fuel use continues to spur the country’s plans for a high annual growth rate of about 7%. In 2011, fossil fuels and nuclear energy together still accounted for almost 93% of primary energy consumption, while renewable energies represented only around 7%. Although domestic deployment of renewable technologies is gaining momentum, over-capacity in the Chinese solar and wind industries, coupled with the slowdown in renewable energy investment in the EU and US, is pushing Chinese companies to venture into new markets.

Policies of the European Union with its Mediterranean Partners for the Management and Use of Natural and Renewable Resources: Towards Green Growth in the Mediterranean

25-04-2014

After drawing up an inventory of the energy and water resources of the South and East Mediterranean Countries (SEMCs) and presenting their political, economic and social challenges, this report takes stock of the European neighbourhood policies conducted following the Arab revolutions in these countries and offers a forward-looking vision in this area for the years to come. Despite some success the initiatives led by the European Union in respect of its neighbourhood policy with the SEMCs in the ...

After drawing up an inventory of the energy and water resources of the South and East Mediterranean Countries (SEMCs) and presenting their political, economic and social challenges, this report takes stock of the European neighbourhood policies conducted following the Arab revolutions in these countries and offers a forward-looking vision in this area for the years to come. Despite some success the initiatives led by the European Union in respect of its neighbourhood policy with the SEMCs in the area of the management of natural resources are not very effective owing to the lack of a shared vision between the countries in the region and a lack of strong political will on the part of the European Union. However, sustainable management of the energy potential and natural resources of the SEMCs could become the cornerstone of inclusive green growth in these countries. A paradigm shift in Euro-Mediterranean relations therefore needs to take place in order to respond to the desire for economic and social change expressed by the populations following the 'Arab Spring'. Two aspects in particular must be addressed: support for greater energy efficiency and integrated management of natural resources, particularly water resources.

Autore esterno

Caroline ORJEBIN-YOUSFAOUI (IPEMED, France)

Solar energy development in Morocco

08-05-2013

As the largest energy importer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Morocco has tried to diversify its energy mix and ensure its energy security through increasing the share of renewable energy resources (RES) in this mix. EU-Morocco cooperation in the RES field – in solar energy, in particular – provides both partners with advantages and constitutes a potentially unifying project for the Euro-Med area.

As the largest energy importer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Morocco has tried to diversify its energy mix and ensure its energy security through increasing the share of renewable energy resources (RES) in this mix. EU-Morocco cooperation in the RES field – in solar energy, in particular – provides both partners with advantages and constitutes a potentially unifying project for the Euro-Med area.

Escalating EU-China trade row over solar panels

15-11-2012

On 5 November 2012, China filed a WTO complaint against the EU, alleging that certain feed-in tariff programmes adopted to promote solar power generation are inconsistent with WTO rules. The EU lodged a similar WTO complaint against Canada which has been partly upheld according to a leaked interim report.

On 5 November 2012, China filed a WTO complaint against the EU, alleging that certain feed-in tariff programmes adopted to promote solar power generation are inconsistent with WTO rules. The EU lodged a similar WTO complaint against Canada which has been partly upheld according to a leaked interim report.

Renewable energy investment: The BRICs and the EU

08-03-2012

Renewable energy is a growth industry with a number of years of significant investment in new electricity generating capacity. The EU has placed focus and investment in increasing its renewable energy capacity in recent years, mainly in wind and solar power.

Renewable energy is a growth industry with a number of years of significant investment in new electricity generating capacity. The EU has placed focus and investment in increasing its renewable energy capacity in recent years, mainly in wind and solar power.

Proceedings of the Workshop on 'The Assessment of Potential and Promotion of New Generation Renewable Energy Technologies' - Brussels, 22 March 2011

15-03-2011

The aim of the workshop was to assess the potential for the development and deployment of new renewable energy technologies in the field of solar power, ocean energy and geothermal energy. The invited speakers explored the main features of these technologies, their technological capacities, potential and limits, and their environmental impact. They also reviewed the economics of the sector, assessing both capital costs and electricity generation costs.

The aim of the workshop was to assess the potential for the development and deployment of new renewable energy technologies in the field of solar power, ocean energy and geothermal energy. The invited speakers explored the main features of these technologies, their technological capacities, potential and limits, and their environmental impact. They also reviewed the economics of the sector, assessing both capital costs and electricity generation costs.

Autore esterno

Milou Beerepoot (Renewable Energy Division, International Energy Agency - IEA), Ruggero Bertani (Geothermal Business Development, Enel S.p.A.), Anthony Brenninkmeijer (HINICIO), Max Carcas (Pelamis Wave Power, Edinburgh), Luis Crespo (Protermosolar, Spain), Antonio Falcão (Technical University of Lisbon) and Arnulf Jäger-Waldau (EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra)

Sustainable Energy Catalogue for European Decision-Makers

02-10-2006

The purpose of this catalogue is to offer planners and decision-makers in EU member states an inspirational tool to be used during local or regional transition towards sustainable energy technologies. The catalogue may also be used by anyone else needing an overview of sustainable energy technologies and their current development level and future potential. It may also be used in education.

The purpose of this catalogue is to offer planners and decision-makers in EU member states an inspirational tool to be used during local or regional transition towards sustainable energy technologies. The catalogue may also be used by anyone else needing an overview of sustainable energy technologies and their current development level and future potential. It may also be used in education.

Autore esterno

Søren Gram (Danish Board of Technology, DBT)

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