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Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Mariya Gabriel – Innovation and Youth

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

EU-Eastern Partnership people-to-people contacts

25-03-2019

In 2009, the EU launched its Eastern Partnership (EaP) initiative with the ambition to promote closer cooperation with six of its eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Support for people-to-people contacts is a key element of the EU's EaP strategy, and is extended through programmes in the areas of movement of persons, education and peace-building.

In 2009, the EU launched its Eastern Partnership (EaP) initiative with the ambition to promote closer cooperation with six of its eastern neighbours: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Support for people-to-people contacts is a key element of the EU's EaP strategy, and is extended through programmes in the areas of movement of persons, education and peace-building.

Legal migration to the EU

07-03-2019

Entering the EU as a non-European is not too difficult for people from stable countries. Those planning to visit one or more EU Member States can get in as a tourist, with or without a visa. If the intention is to live and work for a longer period, they can use the many possibilities offered by labour migration. Regular mobility schemes also include provisions for other categories such as students, researchers, au pairs and voluntary workers. People wishing to join a family member who is already ...

Entering the EU as a non-European is not too difficult for people from stable countries. Those planning to visit one or more EU Member States can get in as a tourist, with or without a visa. If the intention is to live and work for a longer period, they can use the many possibilities offered by labour migration. Regular mobility schemes also include provisions for other categories such as students, researchers, au pairs and voluntary workers. People wishing to join a family member who is already residing legally in the EU might even be eligible for family reunification. However, for people coming from countries at war or where democracy is in serious peril, or who happen to live in a non-EU country after fleeing their own country, or who are simply looking for a better life, the options are more limited. Moreover, even when options exist, gaining access to them is not always possible for people who find themselves in precarious, dangerous or even life-threatening situations. In 2015, a record number of people tried to reach Europe by all means, often risking their lives along their journeys. Although the number of irregular arrivals in the EU is back to pre-crisis levels, immigration remains one of the key concerns of European citizens and is expected to remain a challenge for years to come. In order to address this challenge, the EU has embarked on a process of reform aimed at rebuilding its common asylum policies on fairer and more solid ground, strengthening its external borders by reinforcing the links between border controls and security, and renewing cooperation with third countries on migration issues. A forward-looking and comprehensive European immigration policy, based on solidarity and respect for European values, requires a balanced approach to dealing with both irregular and legal migration. The EU is committed to help create more, safe and controlled channels to migration both to help people in need of protection and to address labour market needs and skills shortages adequately.

RESEARCH FOR CULT COMMITTEE – Recognition of qualifications for educational and professional purposes: the impact of Brexit

26-11-2018

The United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union next 29 March 2019. The potential impact of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on the recognition of qualifications depends on the nature of the qualifications as different regulatory regimes apply to academic as against professional qualifications. In the case of academic qualifications, this issue falls within national competence, although supporting policies have been implemented at European level. Brexit should not have substantial ...

The United Kingdom (UK) will leave the European Union next 29 March 2019. The potential impact of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on the recognition of qualifications depends on the nature of the qualifications as different regulatory regimes apply to academic as against professional qualifications. In the case of academic qualifications, this issue falls within national competence, although supporting policies have been implemented at European level. Brexit should not have substantial consequences since those policies are intergovernmental (e.g. Bologna Process), implemented on a voluntary basis (e.g. European Qualifications Framework, Europass) or open to third countries (e.g. Erasmus+). By contrast, the question of professional qualifications is closely related to the single market and to the free movement of workers, services and establishment. Hence, a number of European directives govern the field of regulated professions. If the UK becomes a third country from 30 March 2019 or at the end of the transition period provided for in the “Draft Withdrawal Agreement”, this legislation will no longer apply either to EU citizens seeking recognition of their qualifications in the UK or to UK citizens seeking recognition of their qualifications in the European Union.

Research for CULT Committee - Mobility of artists and culture professionals: towards a European policy framework

14-09-2018

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Mobility is a social and economic condition of artists and culture professionals and, at the same time, a vector of social and economic development. However, mobility in the cultural and creative sectors is faced with a number of issues that need to be addressed at EU and national levels. The paper provides recommendations for a EU-wide mobility framework which entails both a dedicated mobility scheme and an improved regulatory environment that would facilitate mobility in Europe.

Autore esterno

KEA European Affairs: Clémentine Daubeuf, Teodora Pletosu, Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall

STUDY IN FOCUS - SKILLS DEVELOPMENT: THE POTENTIAL OF THE EUROPEAN FUND FOR STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS

16-08-2018

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at reqest of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It includes an action plan taking account of the Commission proposal for the new programme InvestEU.

This briefing summarises key results from a comprehensive study prepared at reqest of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee. It includes an action plan taking account of the Commission proposal for the new programme InvestEU.

Ricerca per la commissione CULT – Europa creativa: verso la nuova generazione del programma

12-06-2018

Europa creativa è un programma unico in Europa, concepito su misura per le esigenze dei settori culturali e creativi. È il principale programma che contribuisce agli obiettivi della politica culturale dell'UE. Esso persegue le giuste priorità, ma la sua modesta dotazione finanziaria gli impedisce di produrre un impatto sostanziale. Il presente studio fornisce raccomandazioni affinché in futuro il programma divenga più ambizioso, rispecchiando la ricchezza della varietà culturale europea.

Europa creativa è un programma unico in Europa, concepito su misura per le esigenze dei settori culturali e creativi. È il principale programma che contribuisce agli obiettivi della politica culturale dell'UE. Esso persegue le giuste priorità, ma la sua modesta dotazione finanziaria gli impedisce di produrre un impatto sostanziale. Il presente studio fornisce raccomandazioni affinché in futuro il programma divenga più ambizioso, rispecchiando la ricchezza della varietà culturale europea.

Autore esterno

KEA: Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall, Teodora Pletosu

Research for CULT Committee - Erasmus+: Towards a New Programme Generation

12-06-2018

This study was commissioned by the CULT committee of the European Parliament as a general reflection on the performance of the Erasmus+ programme so far. The study provides a complement to the European Commission mid-term evaluation of Erasmus+. This current project examines 1) the outcomes of Erasmus+ so far, notably focussing on the implementation experiences in using Erasmus+ in 10 Member States, 2) the decision-making procedures used in the programme, highlighting how delegated and implementing ...

This study was commissioned by the CULT committee of the European Parliament as a general reflection on the performance of the Erasmus+ programme so far. The study provides a complement to the European Commission mid-term evaluation of Erasmus+. This current project examines 1) the outcomes of Erasmus+ so far, notably focussing on the implementation experiences in using Erasmus+ in 10 Member States, 2) the decision-making procedures used in the programme, highlighting how delegated and implementing acts have been used to date, and 3) the Commission mid-term evaluation conclusions. These aspects are all drawn together to arrive at a series of key findings and recommendations which can be considered as adjustments for the Erasmus+ programme during its next programme cycle.

Autore esterno

Panteia: Paul Vroonhof, Amber van der Graaf; Ockham IPS: Bert-Jan Buiskool

New rules for foreign students and researchers

08-05-2018

The aging of the EU population and a shortage of skills, coupled with competition from other attractive destinations for the talented and the highly skilled, have created a need for more effective EU policies in this area. EU legislation has been evaluated as insufficient to fully tackle the challenge, but new and improved rules for foreign students and researchers come into effect this month.

The aging of the EU population and a shortage of skills, coupled with competition from other attractive destinations for the talented and the highly skilled, have created a need for more effective EU policies in this area. EU legislation has been evaluated as insufficient to fully tackle the challenge, but new and improved rules for foreign students and researchers come into effect this month.

EU Youth Strategy

20-02-2018

This study provides an analysis of the EU Youth Strategy, established through the Council Resolution adopted in November 2009 on a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field for the period 2010-2018. The EU Youth Strategy is, first and foremost, an instrument created to facilitate the coordination of Member States' youth policies, with the additional possibility of supporting actions taken at the European level and managed by the European Commission and other bodies and organisations ...

This study provides an analysis of the EU Youth Strategy, established through the Council Resolution adopted in November 2009 on a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field for the period 2010-2018. The EU Youth Strategy is, first and foremost, an instrument created to facilitate the coordination of Member States' youth policies, with the additional possibility of supporting actions taken at the European level and managed by the European Commission and other bodies and organisations. Using the data available in various documents and sources on the implementation of the Youth Strategy, this study follows the structure of the Council Resolution, covering all fields of actions listed, as well as the types of measures introduced at the national level by Member States (strategy/policy/ regulation/guidelines/programme/other) in order to assess the relation between its parts and their take-up to date by the main actors in EU youth policy. It presents a compilation of findings allowing the reader to understand how much has been done so far, and shows substantial evolution in the activity of the European Union and individual Member States, particularly in learning from best practices and undertaking joint projects.

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