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Un quadro dell'UE per l'intelligenza artificiale

14-10-2020

I legislatori dell'Unione europea (UE) stanno riflettendo su come legiferare al meglio sull'uso delle tecnologie di intelligenza artificiale (IA), cercando di massimizzare le opportunità dei cittadini dell'UE di beneficiare di tali tecnologie e nel contempo di limitare i rischi. Nella tornata di ottobre II il Parlamento voterà su tre relazioni di iniziativa della commissione giuridica (JURI) in materia di etica, responsabilità civile e proprietà intellettuale (PI).

I legislatori dell'Unione europea (UE) stanno riflettendo su come legiferare al meglio sull'uso delle tecnologie di intelligenza artificiale (IA), cercando di massimizzare le opportunità dei cittadini dell'UE di beneficiare di tali tecnologie e nel contempo di limitare i rischi. Nella tornata di ottobre II il Parlamento voterà su tre relazioni di iniziativa della commissione giuridica (JURI) in materia di etica, responsabilità civile e proprietà intellettuale (PI).

The Effectiveness of Conflict of Interest Policies in the EU- Member States

07-10-2020

This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations

This comparative study - commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs - analyses the effectiveness of relevant rules, policies and practices within Member States regarding conflict of interest for top political appointment (Head of Government, Ministers and other high ranking officials). The research highlights the theoretical and practical aspects of the notion of conflict of interest, giving some policy recommendations

Autore esterno

Christoph DEMMKE; Maros PAULINI; Jari AUTIONIEMI; Florian LENNER

An EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights

02-10-2020

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism ...

Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) enshrines the Union's founding values. As these shared values are binding on Member States and the European Union (EU) institutions, several mechanisms have been created to promote them and ensure they are respected. EU institutions have made several proposals to strengthen the mechanisms. Parliament is due to vote during the October I plenary session on a legislative-initiative report proposing to integrate and reinforce them through an EU mechanism on democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF).

Addressing violations of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights

11-09-2020

The common values of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF) lie at the heart of the European integration process and are central to the values of the European Union (EU). In practice, however, individual and collective (lack of) Member State action can undermine these common values. This situation applied before the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis, but some of the national measures taken since the outbreak of the pandemic have tested the resilience of these values further. More ...

The common values of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights (DRF) lie at the heart of the European integration process and are central to the values of the European Union (EU). In practice, however, individual and collective (lack of) Member State action can undermine these common values. This situation applied before the outbreak of the coronavirus crisis, but some of the national measures taken since the outbreak of the pandemic have tested the resilience of these values further. More generally, the EU's response to DRF violations has so far not comprehensively tackled the problem. The status quo can result in impunity for criminal activities, as prosecutors are unwilling or unable to take on certain cases, as well as violations of human dignity and fundamental rights. It also denies opportunities for individuals to live out their human potential, and take advantage of economic opportunities, as well as eroding the basis for mutual trust among national administrative and judicial authorities. This Briefing puts forward a set of proposals aimed at enhancing the EU's resilience to DRF violations. It focuses in particular on possibilities for the European Parliament and national parliaments, with their dual mandate from EU citizens, to jointly strengthen their monitoring and investigative capabilities. In particular, they could build on their general resources to evaluate the implementation of (EU) law and further coordinate their tools to ensure the democratic accountability of Member State governments.

The Post-2020 European Disability Strategy

15-07-2020

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, analyses the European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 and makes recommendations regarding the new European Disability Strategy. The study reflects on the design and implementation of the current Strategy, as well as its achievements and shortcomings. The study makes recommendations in respect of the post-2020 European Disability Strategy. Those ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the PETI Committee, analyses the European Disability Strategy 2010-2020 and makes recommendations regarding the new European Disability Strategy. The study reflects on the design and implementation of the current Strategy, as well as its achievements and shortcomings. The study makes recommendations in respect of the post-2020 European Disability Strategy. Those recommendations are addressed to the European Parliament, the European Commission and other EU institutions, Member States and key stakeholders, and relate to the groundwork needed to prepare the new Strategy, and the design, content and mechanisms for implementation and enforcement.

Autore esterno

Lisa WADDINGTON, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (NLs) Andrea BRODERICK, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University (NLs)

Il diritto d'iniziativa del Parlamento europeo

09-07-2020

Il Parlamento europeo è l'unico organo democraticamente eletto nell'Unione europea. Eppure, a differenza della maggior parte dei parlamenti, non ha alcun diritto formale di iniziativa legislativa. L'iniziativa legislativa spetta quasi esclusivamente agli organi esecutivi dell'Unione, ossia alla Commissione e, in misura limitata ma crescente, al Consiglio europeo e al Consiglio. Il presente studio, commissionato dal Dipartimento tematico Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali del Parlamento ...

Il Parlamento europeo è l'unico organo democraticamente eletto nell'Unione europea. Eppure, a differenza della maggior parte dei parlamenti, non ha alcun diritto formale di iniziativa legislativa. L'iniziativa legislativa spetta quasi esclusivamente agli organi esecutivi dell'Unione, ossia alla Commissione e, in misura limitata ma crescente, al Consiglio europeo e al Consiglio. Il presente studio, commissionato dal Dipartimento tematico Diritti dei cittadini e affari costituzionali del Parlamento europeo, su richiesta della commissione AFCO, evidenzia che le "relazioni d'iniziativa" del Parlamento europeo costituiscono uno strumento ampiamente sottovalutato e non riconosciuto per definire in modo informale l'agenda politica dell'Unione. Lo studio offre un'analisi complessiva delle relazioni d'iniziativa legislativa e non legislativa e sostiene la tesi che il Parlamento europeo sia in grado di creare un ambiente collaborativo, nell'intento di allineare la Commissione alle proprie priorità legislative e, talvolta, a richieste legislative molto puntuali. Partendo dai dati empirici provenienti dalla prassi parlamentare dal 1993 a oggi, segue infine una riflessione sui mezzi e i modi per attuare una riforma pratica e una revisione dei trattati.

Autore esterno

Andreas MAURER, Michael C. WOLF

States of emergency in response to the coronavirus crisis: Situation in certain Member States IV

07-07-2020

With the virulence of the coronavirus pandemic gradually diminishing, and in the light of the restrictive measures adopted by Member States, attention remains on the way chosen by the various states to respond to the crisis. With states at various stages of relaxing emergency constraints, the effects of the coronavirus pandemic are likely to last in terms of health, economic, social, psychological and possibly even political impact. Although public attention is now turned towards the widely differing ...

With the virulence of the coronavirus pandemic gradually diminishing, and in the light of the restrictive measures adopted by Member States, attention remains on the way chosen by the various states to respond to the crisis. With states at various stages of relaxing emergency constraints, the effects of the coronavirus pandemic are likely to last in terms of health, economic, social, psychological and possibly even political impact. Although public attention is now turned towards the widely differing measures that states are taking in order to live with the virus, new challenges are emerging as international and domestic traffic, trade and free movement of people are re-established, having been all but frozen. In this context, it is still necessary to complete the overview of Member States' constitutional frameworks in response to the coronavirus pandemic with the hope that this might offer some guidance or insight, should a comparable crisis arise in the future. This is the last in a series of four briefings and completes the comparative overview of Member States' institutional responses to the coronavirus crisis by analysing the legislation of Cyprus, Czechia, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania and Slovakia. The first in the series gave an overview of the responses in Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Spain, the second covered Austria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Romania and Slovenia, while the third covered Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden.

The impact of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on artificial intelligence

25-06-2020

This study addresses the relation between the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. The study discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as in particular purpose limitation and data minimisation. It makes a thorough analysis of automated decision-making ...

This study addresses the relation between the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. The study discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as in particular purpose limitation and data minimisation. It makes a thorough analysis of automated decision-making, considering the extent to which it is admissible, the safeguard measures to be adopted, and whether data subjects have a right to individual explanations. The study then considers the extent to which the GDPR provides for a preventive risk-based approach, focused on data protection by design and by default.

Autore esterno

DG, EPRS_The study was led by Professor Giovanni Sartor, European University Institute of Florence, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA) and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament. It was co-authored by Professor Sartor and Dr Francesca Lagioia, European University Institute of Florence, working under his supervision.

Europeanising European Public Spheres

15-06-2020

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides a brief overview of the academic debates on Europeanisation as well as contestation and politicisation of the EU and European integration. Against this background, it focuses on the European public sphere(s), in particular those based on the media and parliaments. The study further discusses current reform proposals aiming to Europeanise ...

This study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the AFCO Committee, provides a brief overview of the academic debates on Europeanisation as well as contestation and politicisation of the EU and European integration. Against this background, it focuses on the European public sphere(s), in particular those based on the media and parliaments. The study further discusses current reform proposals aiming to Europeanise the European elections and concludes with recommendations on increasing the legitimacy of the European Union.

Autore esterno

Katrin AUEL, Guido TIEMANN

Conferenza sul futuro dell'Europa

11-06-2020

Annunciata da Ursula von der Leyen e sostenuta dal Parlamento, la Conferenza sul futuro dell'Europa dovrebbe offrire l'opportunità per una riflessione profonda sulla direzione dell'UE e sul suo assetto istituzionale. La pandemia di Covid-19 ha bloccato tuttavia i preparativi, con il risultato che le tre istituzioni non hanno ancora stabilito il formato, la composizione e la struttura della Conferenza. Il Parlamento è comunque pienamente impegnato a riprendere quanto prima tale iniziativa in un contesto ...

Annunciata da Ursula von der Leyen e sostenuta dal Parlamento, la Conferenza sul futuro dell'Europa dovrebbe offrire l'opportunità per una riflessione profonda sulla direzione dell'UE e sul suo assetto istituzionale. La pandemia di Covid-19 ha bloccato tuttavia i preparativi, con il risultato che le tre istituzioni non hanno ancora stabilito il formato, la composizione e la struttura della Conferenza. Il Parlamento è comunque pienamente impegnato a riprendere quanto prima tale iniziativa in un contesto post-coronavirus e intende discutere della questione con il Consiglio e la Commissione nel corso della sessione plenaria di giugno.

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European Gender Equality Week - October 26-29, 2020
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