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Cost of non-Europe in robotics and artificial intelligence

12-06-2019

Robotics is a wide and multi-faceted domain, which crosses boundaries between many economics sectors and legal disciplines. The perception of a need for some kind of Europe-wide legal framework to accompany the development of robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is growing. A harmonised EU regulatory framework concerning specifically liability and insurance regarding robotics and AI could provide greater legal certainty and promote trust. It could also stimulate greater research ...

Robotics is a wide and multi-faceted domain, which crosses boundaries between many economics sectors and legal disciplines. The perception of a need for some kind of Europe-wide legal framework to accompany the development of robotic and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is growing. A harmonised EU regulatory framework concerning specifically liability and insurance regarding robotics and AI could provide greater legal certainty and promote trust. It could also stimulate greater research and development activity by producers and increase the speed of uptake of these two new emerging technologies by consumers, resulting in a possible positive impact in terms of GDP. Research suggests that, by 2030, EU GDP could be 0.04 % higher than it would otherwise be under the current regulatory framework.

Išorės autorius

This study has been written by Bob Martens and Jorren Garrez of DLA Piper UK LLP and Cambridge Econometrics at the request of the European Added Value Unit within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the European Parliament.

Contribution to Growth. Free Movement of Services and Freedom of Establishment. Delivering Improved Rights to European Citizens and Businesses

15-05-2019

This study discusses European legal policy to ensure freedom to provide services and freedom of establishment since 2009, ex-amines the market-opening effects of enacted acts and pro-posals, and identifies legislative challenges that the Union insti-tutions should address in the coming legislative period. It also addresses the specific Brexit-related issues for the freedom to provide services. This document was provided by Policy Department A, in collab-oration with IMCO Secretariat, at the request ...

This study discusses European legal policy to ensure freedom to provide services and freedom of establishment since 2009, ex-amines the market-opening effects of enacted acts and pro-posals, and identifies legislative challenges that the Union insti-tutions should address in the coming legislative period. It also addresses the specific Brexit-related issues for the freedom to provide services. This document was provided by Policy Department A, in collab-oration with IMCO Secretariat, at the request of the IMCO Committee.

Išorės autorius

Prof. Dr. Friedmann KAINER

Contributing to Growth: European Digital Single - Market Delivering improved rights for citizens and businesses

15-05-2019

TThis study reviews all the rules adopted during the 8th Parliamentary legislature (2014-2019) to strengthen the Digital Single Market. On that basis, the report analyses the rights and obligations as well as the institutions and procedures created or improved in the main policy fields of the Digital Single Market (e-commerce and online platforms, e-government, data and AI, cybersecurity, consumer protection and electronic communications networks and services). Finally, the report identifies remaining ...

TThis study reviews all the rules adopted during the 8th Parliamentary legislature (2014-2019) to strengthen the Digital Single Market. On that basis, the report analyses the rights and obligations as well as the institutions and procedures created or improved in the main policy fields of the Digital Single Market (e-commerce and online platforms, e-government, data and AI, cybersecurity, consumer protection and electronic communications networks and services). Finally, the report identifies remaining gaps and possible actions for the forthcoming Parliament’s legislature. This study has been prepared for the IMCO Committee at the request of the Policy Department A of the European Parliament.

Išorės autorius

Prof. Alexandre de STREEL, University of Namur and CERRE (Centre on Regulation in Europe) Christian HOCEPIED, University of Namur With the assistance of Michael LOGNOUL and Zorana ROSIC, University of Namurl

Contribution to Growth: Free movement of goods: Delivering improved rights for European citizens and businesses

15-05-2019

Following a brief overview of the legal mechanisms provided for in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), this study summarises and analyses the Directives and Regulations in the harmonised and non-harmonised areas of the free movement of goods, adopted during the 7th and 8th electoral periods of the European Parliament (2009–2019). It will also highlight the rights that businesses and citizens enjoy under the current legislation, and ways in which the legislation could be improved ...

Following a brief overview of the legal mechanisms provided for in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), this study summarises and analyses the Directives and Regulations in the harmonised and non-harmonised areas of the free movement of goods, adopted during the 7th and 8th electoral periods of the European Parliament (2009–2019). It will also highlight the rights that businesses and citizens enjoy under the current legislation, and ways in which the legislation could be improved. This document was prepared for Policy Department A on request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Išorės autorius

Prof. Dr.Stefan Enchelmaier

Contribution to Growth: Delivering economic benefits for citizens and businesses

07-05-2019

This collection of studies summarizes the benefits of the legislation adopted by the European Parliament in the area of free movement of goods, services, Digital Single Market and public procurement. These benefits are estimated at a total amount of 985 billion euros annually. European legislation has further important potential in delivering economic benefits for European citizens and businesses.

This collection of studies summarizes the benefits of the legislation adopted by the European Parliament in the area of free movement of goods, services, Digital Single Market and public procurement. These benefits are estimated at a total amount of 985 billion euros annually. European legislation has further important potential in delivering economic benefits for European citizens and businesses.

Revising the social security coordination regulations

16-04-2019

Around 14 million EU citizens live outside their home country. The social security systems that apply to them are determined by the relevant individual Member States. The European Commission proposed to adapt the current regulations on coordination of social security systems. A provisional agreement was reached between the Council Presidency and the European Parliament, but was rejected at the Coreper meeting on 29 March 2019. Parliament will discuss the file during its April II 2019 plenary session ...

Around 14 million EU citizens live outside their home country. The social security systems that apply to them are determined by the relevant individual Member States. The European Commission proposed to adapt the current regulations on coordination of social security systems. A provisional agreement was reached between the Council Presidency and the European Parliament, but was rejected at the Coreper meeting on 29 March 2019. Parliament will discuss the file during its April II 2019 plenary session.

Contribution to Growth: Legal Aspects of Protecting European Consumers

15-04-2019

This study contains an analysis of the legal aspects of protecting European consumers, advanced during the 7th and 8th legislative period of the European Parliament (2009 - 2019). It examines policy developments in the area of consumer protection and (digital) single market, and identifies new substantive rights offered to EU consumers. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

This study contains an analysis of the legal aspects of protecting European consumers, advanced during the 7th and 8th legislative period of the European Parliament (2009 - 2019). It examines policy developments in the area of consumer protection and (digital) single market, and identifies new substantive rights offered to EU consumers. This document was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.

Išorės autorius

Aneta WIEWIÓROWSKA-DOMAGALSKA

Cross-border distribution of investment funds

11-04-2019

Investment funds are products created to pool investors' capital and to invest it in a collective portfolio of securities. The characteristics of a range of different types of investment funds have been established in Union law, and most funds on the market are categorised as one of these types. The market in the EU is smaller than in the United States, despite there being far more funds in the EU. This is why the European Commission has adopted two legislative proposals: one for a regulation aligning ...

Investment funds are products created to pool investors' capital and to invest it in a collective portfolio of securities. The characteristics of a range of different types of investment funds have been established in Union law, and most funds on the market are categorised as one of these types. The market in the EU is smaller than in the United States, despite there being far more funds in the EU. This is why the European Commission has adopted two legislative proposals: one for a regulation aligning national requirements for marketing funds and regulatory fees and harmonising the process and requirements for the verification of marketing material by national competent authorities, and the other for a directive harmonising the conditions under which investment funds may exit a national market and allowing European asset managers to engage in pre-marketing activities. Following trilogue negotiations, provisional agreements were reached on 5 February 2019. Parliament is expected to vote on those during the April II 2019 plenary session.

Strengthening market surveillance of harmonised industrial products

28-03-2019

Harmonised products represent 69 % of the overall value of industrial products in the internal market. However, a significant part of these products does not comply with harmonised EU rules. This has negative effects on the health and safety of consumers, and on fair competition between businesses. To remedy the situation, the Commission proposed, on 19 December 2017, to strengthen market surveillance rules for non-food products harmonised by EU legislation. The proposal for a compliance and enforcement ...

Harmonised products represent 69 % of the overall value of industrial products in the internal market. However, a significant part of these products does not comply with harmonised EU rules. This has negative effects on the health and safety of consumers, and on fair competition between businesses. To remedy the situation, the Commission proposed, on 19 December 2017, to strengthen market surveillance rules for non-food products harmonised by EU legislation. The proposal for a compliance and enforcement regulation would increase EU-level coordination of market surveillance, clarify the procedures for the mutual assistance mechanism, and require non-EU manufacturers to designate a natural or legal person responsible for compliance information. On 7 February 2019, Parliament and Council reached a provisional agreement on the proposal. Parliament is due to vote on that agreement during the April II plenary session. Fourth edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. Please note this document has been designed for on-line viewing.

Consumer sale of goods

19-03-2019

On 29 January 2019, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the Commission proposal for a new directive on the consumer sale of goods. The Commission's original proposal, from 2015, which was intended to lay down rules on online and other distance sales of goods only, was replaced on 31 October 2017 by an amended version. This sought to replace entirely the existing Consumer Sales Directive dating from 1999, and regulate contracts concluded both online and offline ...

On 29 January 2019, the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the Commission proposal for a new directive on the consumer sale of goods. The Commission's original proposal, from 2015, which was intended to lay down rules on online and other distance sales of goods only, was replaced on 31 October 2017 by an amended version. This sought to replace entirely the existing Consumer Sales Directive dating from 1999, and regulate contracts concluded both online and offline. The provisional agreement on the proposal reached between the Parliament and Council would allow Member States to decide on a legal guarantee of longer than two years and extend the period during which it is presumed that the goods were faulty from the start. Parliament is due to vote on the agreement during the March II 2019 plenary. Fourth edition, based on a briefing originally drafted by Rafał Mańko. The 'EU Legislation in Progress' briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure. To view previous versions of this briefing, please see: PE 614.744 (March 2018). "A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html"

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