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The EU's next long-term budget [What Think Tanks are thinking]

24-01-2018

European Union Member States and institutions are preparing to embark on negotiations on the EU's next long-term budget, or Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), that will cover five or seven years, starting in January 2021. The European Commission is considering strengthening the budget for new priority areas, such as defence, security and migration. At the same time, the new MFF will have to bridge the financing gap left by United Kingdom withdrawal from the Union. That could mean that EU funding ...

European Union Member States and institutions are preparing to embark on negotiations on the EU's next long-term budget, or Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), that will cover five or seven years, starting in January 2021. The European Commission is considering strengthening the budget for new priority areas, such as defence, security and migration. At the same time, the new MFF will have to bridge the financing gap left by United Kingdom withdrawal from the Union. That could mean that EU funding would have to be increased slightly above the current level of approximately 1 % of EU gross national income, if current spending levels on cohesion and agricultural policies are not reduced. The Commission is due to make a detailed post-2020 MFF proposal in May. This note offers links to a selection of recent commentaries, studies and reports, from some of the major international think tanks and research institutes, which discuss the EU's long-term budget and related reforms. Some older papers on the topic can be found in a previous edition of 'What Think Tanks are thinking' published in January 2017.

Kaip vystėsi ir keitėsi ES biudžetas per pastaruosius 10 metų?

15-02-2017

Nuo tada, kai prieš dešimtmetį įsigaliojo 2007–2013 m. finansinė perspektyva, ES biudžetas patyrė didelių pokyčių. 2009 m. įsigaliojo Sutartis dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo (SESV), dėl kurios susitarta Lisabonoje. Tai reikšmingai pakeitė Europos Sąjungos institucijų įgaliojimus. 2008 m. kilusi pasaulinė finansų krizė ir vėlesnė euro zonos krizė lėmė spaudimą ES valstybėms narėms taikyti griežto taupymo priemones, taip pat lėmė spaudimą pačiam ES biudžetui. Šiame informaciniame pranešime pateikiama ...

Nuo tada, kai prieš dešimtmetį įsigaliojo 2007–2013 m. finansinė perspektyva, ES biudžetas patyrė didelių pokyčių. 2009 m. įsigaliojo Sutartis dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo (SESV), dėl kurios susitarta Lisabonoje. Tai reikšmingai pakeitė Europos Sąjungos institucijų įgaliojimus. 2008 m. kilusi pasaulinė finansų krizė ir vėlesnė euro zonos krizė lėmė spaudimą ES valstybėms narėms taikyti griežto taupymo priemones, taip pat lėmė spaudimą pačiam ES biudžetui. Šiame informaciniame pranešime pateikiama minėtų įvykių santrauka.

Išorės autorius

Giacomo Benedetto

The UK 'rebate' on the EU budget: An explanation of the abatement and other correction mechanisms

18-02-2016

The UK 'abatement', 'rebate' or 'correction' is the ad hoc mechanism that is applied to lower the UK's contribution to the EU budget, by reimbursing 66% of the country's budgetary imbalance (the difference between payments and receipts). In 2014, the rebate amounted to almost €6.1 billion, reducing the UK's national contribution by 35% – to €11.34 billion – leaving it the fourth largest national contribution. All Member States but the UK cover the costs of the rebate. Introduced in 1985, it has remained ...

The UK 'abatement', 'rebate' or 'correction' is the ad hoc mechanism that is applied to lower the UK's contribution to the EU budget, by reimbursing 66% of the country's budgetary imbalance (the difference between payments and receipts). In 2014, the rebate amounted to almost €6.1 billion, reducing the UK's national contribution by 35% – to €11.34 billion – leaving it the fourth largest national contribution. All Member States but the UK cover the costs of the rebate. Introduced in 1985, it has remained unchanged in its basic concept, and is best understood with reference to some features of the UK economy and of the common budget at that time. Each year, the amount of the rebate is determined by a complex calculation, linked to several variables and which has evolved over time to take into account developments in the EU and its financing system. Included in the Own Resources Decision, modification of which requires unanimity of the Member States, the rebate is de facto a permanent mechanism. Following the creation of the rebate, other Member States argued that their EU budgetary burden was excessive, asking for reductions in their contributions, including to their financing of the UK rebate itself. This has led to a complex system of ad hoc permanent and temporary corrections. For 2014-2020, Member States other than the UK benefiting from explicit corrections on the revenue side of the EU budget are: Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden. Correction mechanisms have attracted a number of criticisms, not least that they make the finances of the EU more complex, less transparent, less fair and harder to reform. Past proposals to replace the existing ad hoc mechanisms with a single new one, open to any Member State meeting defined conditions in terms of budgetary imbalances, have not been successful.

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