15

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Publikācijas veids
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Jautājuma autors
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Galileo Satellite Navigation System

25-10-2018

This study explains the background necessary for understanding of the Global Satellite Navigation System (GNSS) working principles and the importance of GNSS in our daily life and work. It highlights the specific socio-economic and strategic advantages enabled by the European satellite navigation system ‘Galileo’. It also identifies some of the gaps and challenges towards Galileo’s final operational capability expected in 2021. The study proposes different policy options in order to maximise the ...

This study explains the background necessary for understanding of the Global Satellite Navigation System (GNSS) working principles and the importance of GNSS in our daily life and work. It highlights the specific socio-economic and strategic advantages enabled by the European satellite navigation system ‘Galileo’. It also identifies some of the gaps and challenges towards Galileo’s final operational capability expected in 2021. The study proposes different policy options in order to maximise the impact of the European satellite navigation system in the near future and in the long term.

Ārējais autors

DG, EPRS; EPRS, DG

European Solidarity Corps

05-09-2018

The European Parliament is due to vote during its September plenary session on a legislative proposal on the legal framework of the European Solidarity Corps. The Corps offers opportunities to young people between 18 and 30 years old to take up placements lasting between two months and a year. The initiative covers all the EU Members States, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Turkey and the Republic of North Macedonia.

The European Parliament is due to vote during its September plenary session on a legislative proposal on the legal framework of the European Solidarity Corps. The Corps offers opportunities to young people between 18 and 30 years old to take up placements lasting between two months and a year. The initiative covers all the EU Members States, Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Turkey and the Republic of North Macedonia.

Galileo and EGNOS

24-01-2018

Galileo and the European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS) are two satellite navigation systems under civil control. Galileo is an autonomous global navigation satellite system consisting of a constellation of satellites and a global network of ground stations. EGNOS is a regional satellite navigation system that monitors, corrects and improves the accuracy of open signals emitted by existing global satellite navigation systems (GPS, Glonass). Galileo and EGNOS are infrastructures ...

Galileo and the European geostationary navigation overlay service (EGNOS) are two satellite navigation systems under civil control. Galileo is an autonomous global navigation satellite system consisting of a constellation of satellites and a global network of ground stations. EGNOS is a regional satellite navigation system that monitors, corrects and improves the accuracy of open signals emitted by existing global satellite navigation systems (GPS, Glonass). Galileo and EGNOS are infrastructures owned by the European Union, which were conceived in close cooperation with the European Space Agency. They guarantee Europe independent access to a reliable positioning satellite signal, allowing more accuracy than that offered by other accessible systems.

EU response to the Caribbean hurricanes

20-09-2017

The scenes of devastation caused by recent hurricanes in the Caribbean are a stark reminder of the destructive force of nature. As residents struggle to rebuild their lives following the passage of the latest storms, attention turns to the relief efforts. The EU can help through emergency humanitarian assistance and a variety of funding mechanisms, depending on the status of the territories concerned and their relationship with the EU.

The scenes of devastation caused by recent hurricanes in the Caribbean are a stark reminder of the destructive force of nature. As residents struggle to rebuild their lives following the passage of the latest storms, attention turns to the relief efforts. The EU can help through emergency humanitarian assistance and a variety of funding mechanisms, depending on the status of the territories concerned and their relationship with the EU.

Galileo: Overcoming obstacles - History of EU global navigation satellite systems

06-04-2017

Galileo, the long-awaited European global navigation satellite systems, is at a turning point in its history: it reached initial operational capacity in December 2016 and is expected to be fully operational for 2021. This autonomous European civilian tool, which can be used anywhere on earth, transmits positioning and timing data from space for use on the ground to determine a user's location. Alongside it, the European geostationary navigation overlay system (EGNOS), which improves the accuracy ...

Galileo, the long-awaited European global navigation satellite systems, is at a turning point in its history: it reached initial operational capacity in December 2016 and is expected to be fully operational for 2021. This autonomous European civilian tool, which can be used anywhere on earth, transmits positioning and timing data from space for use on the ground to determine a user's location. Alongside it, the European geostationary navigation overlay system (EGNOS), which improves the accuracy and integrity of the American global positioning system (GPS) over EU territory, became fully operational in 2011. Despite decades of delays, difficulties and additional costs, Galileo and EGNOS have benefited from the continuous support of all EU institutions, and the European Union (EU) decided to provide the funding needed to complete both programmes. Galileo and EGNOS became the first infrastructure to be owned by the EU. Delays and cost over-runs can be explained through political, technical, industrial and security issues. It is estimated that by 2020, the EU and European Space Agency will have invested more than €13 billion in these programmes. This public investment, although much larger than that initially planned, matches the cost of similar programmes such as GPS, and is justified by the need for the European Union to have strategic autonomy in the field. The market uptake of the services and data provided by EGNOS and Galileo is a key priority of the European space strategy adopted in October 2016.

Mid-term revision of the 2014-2020 Multiannual Financial Framework

29-03-2017

Agreed in 2013, the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) sets the structure of EU spending until 2020. Based on the mid-term review of the MFF, the Commission proposal to revise the MFF Regulation aims at enhancing the EU's budgetary capacity to address new priorities and unexpected events. Parliament, which has long pushed for MFF revision, is expected to decide during April I plenary whether to approve or reject the compromise reached by the Council in March 2017.

Agreed in 2013, the current Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) sets the structure of EU spending until 2020. Based on the mid-term review of the MFF, the Commission proposal to revise the MFF Regulation aims at enhancing the EU's budgetary capacity to address new priorities and unexpected events. Parliament, which has long pushed for MFF revision, is expected to decide during April I plenary whether to approve or reject the compromise reached by the Council in March 2017.

European Union Solidarity Fund

23-01-2017

Established in 2002 to support disaster-stricken regions, the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) complements the efforts of public authorities by helping to fund vital emergency and recovery operations in areas affected by catastrophes such as flooding, earthquakes or forest fires. With an annual budget of €500 million, EUSF funding is granted following an application from a Member State or candidate country, and may be used to finance measures including restoring infrastructure to working order ...

Established in 2002 to support disaster-stricken regions, the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) complements the efforts of public authorities by helping to fund vital emergency and recovery operations in areas affected by catastrophes such as flooding, earthquakes or forest fires. With an annual budget of €500 million, EUSF funding is granted following an application from a Member State or candidate country, and may be used to finance measures including restoring infrastructure to working order, providing temporary accommodation, or cleaning up disaster areas. Although revision of the EUSF Regulation took place in 2014, simplifying rules and clarifying eligibility criteria, several problems remain. While European Commission reports on the EUSF have drawn attention to the long waiting time countries still face before receiving EUSF funding, industry experts report that certain Member States receive proportionately more funding than others, also pointing to the risk that the EUSF could run out of funding in the event of several large disasters taking place within a short space of time. With a number of major natural disasters occurring over the past year, the EUSF has attracted renewed attention in recent months, a process that has seen the European Commission put forward new proposals addressing the issue of post-disaster support. The European Parliament is also actively involved in these discussions, adopting a resolution on the EUSF in December 2016, including several measures aimed at improving its operations.

The Budgetary Tools for Financing the EU External Policy

16-01-2017

The paper provides an overview of the current set-up of tools contributing to the funding of the EU external policies. The focus is on the recently established instruments and how they relate to the previously existing ones. The paper provides a first assessment of the current and envisaged set up of tools with regards to the following key aspects: added-value, coherence, flexibility and simplification, and democratic oversight of EU funding for external action.

The paper provides an overview of the current set-up of tools contributing to the funding of the EU external policies. The focus is on the recently established instruments and how they relate to the previously existing ones. The paper provides a first assessment of the current and envisaged set up of tools with regards to the following key aspects: added-value, coherence, flexibility and simplification, and democratic oversight of EU funding for external action.

Funding gap: A challenge for the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS)

20-05-2016

Despite the highest ever humanitarian spending globally, the exponential growth of the number of people trapped in long-term crisis has deepened the funding gap. This unprecedented discrepancy between humanitarian needs and the available funding translates into tragic losses in human potential. The European Parliament has stressed the urgency to reduce the gap and the need for 'globally coordinated, timely, predictable and flexible funding'. Hence during the two-year long preparation for the World ...

Despite the highest ever humanitarian spending globally, the exponential growth of the number of people trapped in long-term crisis has deepened the funding gap. This unprecedented discrepancy between humanitarian needs and the available funding translates into tragic losses in human potential. The European Parliament has stressed the urgency to reduce the gap and the need for 'globally coordinated, timely, predictable and flexible funding'. Hence during the two-year long preparation for the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS), humanitarian financing has focused much attention. The UN High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing, co-chaired by European Commission Vice-President Kristalina Georgieva, has made several proposals. Among paths to enhance aid supply: the broadening of the funding base that would come from better involvement of emerging government donors and of the private sector; innovative ways of financing such as Islamic social finance or a voluntary levy, and more efficient use of money (local involvement, cash transfers, result-oriented funding). But it is clearer than ever that, to close the gap, decisive action is also required to reduce humanitarian needs. A substantial increase in conflict-resolution capacity in the international community, bridging the humanitarian-development divide in order to better tackle the protracted crises and its root causes, as well as a strong commitment to invest in disaster preparedness and risk mitigation are among the main ideas on the table at the WHS. The summit is literally too vital, for millions of people trapped in humanitarian crisis, to fail.

Christos Stylianides - Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management - Hearings of European Commissioners-designate

26-09-2014

The Commissioner-designate for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management is Christos Stylianides, Cyprus. His hearing will take place before the Committee on Development (DEVE) on Tuesday 30 September at 18.00 hours

The Commissioner-designate for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management is Christos Stylianides, Cyprus. His hearing will take place before the Committee on Development (DEVE) on Tuesday 30 September at 18.00 hours

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