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EU certification of aviation security screening equipment

07-07-2019

In 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal sought ‘to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment’. This system was to be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would have ...

In 2016, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation establishing a certification system for aviation security screening equipment. The proposal sought ‘to contribute to the proper functioning of the EU internal market and to increase the global competitiveness of the EU industry by establishing an EU certification system for aviation security equipment’. This system was to be based on EU type-approval and issuance of a certificate of conformity by manufacturers, which would have been valid in all Member States, according to the principle of mutual recognition. Progress on the proposal rapidly reached a stalemate. Consequently, in its 2019 work programme, the Commission announced its intention to withdraw the proposal, noting that there was a common understanding that an EU certification system would be better reached by amending existing implementing legislation based on Regulation (EC) No 300/2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation security. The proposal was formally withdrawn on 21 June 2019. Second edition. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

CE-marked fertilising products

23-10-2017

In March 2016, the European Commission put forward a proposal on fertilising products, which would extend the scope of existing legislation and set limits on contaminants in fertilising products. The European Parliament is expected to adopt its position on the proposal at its October II part-session.

In March 2016, the European Commission put forward a proposal on fertilising products, which would extend the scope of existing legislation and set limits on contaminants in fertilising products. The European Parliament is expected to adopt its position on the proposal at its October II part-session.

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices

10-05-2017

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices cover a wide array of products. The EU legal framework for such devices was harmonised in the 1990s. The European Commission presented a pair of proposals for regulations in September 2012. Following Parliament's first readings in April 2014, the Council agreed its positions in October 2015. At the conclusion of the trilogues, agreement was reached on 25 May 2016. This was endorsed by the Council's Permanent Representatives Committee on 15 June ...

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices cover a wide array of products. The EU legal framework for such devices was harmonised in the 1990s. The European Commission presented a pair of proposals for regulations in September 2012. Following Parliament's first readings in April 2014, the Council agreed its positions in October 2015. At the conclusion of the trilogues, agreement was reached on 25 May 2016. This was endorsed by the Council's Permanent Representatives Committee on 15 June and confirmed by Parliament's ENVI Committee on the same day. Both draft texts were adopted by the Council on 7 March 2017, and Parliament's second-reading vote on 5 April completed the adoption procedure. The regulation on medical devices will become fully applicable in May 2020, and that on in vitro diagnostic medical devices in May 2022.

Emission performance standards for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles

12-04-2017

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there ...

According to the various reports and assessments presented in this briefing, the existing cars and vans regulations appear to be well implemented, with the majority of car and van manufacturers meeting their CO2 specific emission targets in 2015, and some well on their way to reaching the 2020/2021 targets. However, the ultimate aim of the regulations is to deliver a significant reduction in real-world CO2 emissions. While CO2 emissions as measured on the test cycle is one element of this, there are other external trends that influence CO2 emissions from cars and vans, including the total number of cars and vans and the distance covered, and the level and composition of fuels. The effectiveness of the legislation should be considered in conjunction with other policy instruments, including laboratory test cycles, embedded emissions or the use of CO2-linked vehicle taxation. In addition, any future evaluation of the regulations and the setting of new effective emission limits should take into account the introduction of the new worldwide harmonised light vehicles test procedure (WLTP) in September 2017, and the entry into force of the new type approval regulation. To significantly reduce transport emissions, the setting out of new CO2 emission targets could include the adoption of a number of measures that would allow for better monitoring of real driving emissions. In order to achieve lasting and sustainable emission reductions in the transport sector, and rebuild the trust of consumers in the regulatory system and the car industry, a much broader and holistic approach appears necessary. This could consist of a systemic and integrated approach combining various policy instruments, accommodating the use of alternative energies in transport, increased vehicle energy efficiency and intelligent management of transport demand and infrastructure.

Air pollution from non-road mobile machinery

30-06-2016

Despite improvements in recent decades, air pollution in Europe remains a concern. In September 2014, the Commission put forward a proposal to review the type-approval and emission limits for 'non-road mobile machinery', covering a variety of machines powered by combustion engines which contribute to air pollution in the European Union. First reading negotiations with the Council have delivered a compromise which now awaits a vote in plenary.

Despite improvements in recent decades, air pollution in Europe remains a concern. In September 2014, the Commission put forward a proposal to review the type-approval and emission limits for 'non-road mobile machinery', covering a variety of machines powered by combustion engines which contribute to air pollution in the European Union. First reading negotiations with the Council have delivered a compromise which now awaits a vote in plenary.

The European Union Agency for Railways

17-06-2016

Established in 2004 and based in Valenciennes (France), the European Railway Agency (ERA) was set up with a view to revitalising the rail sector and creating a Single European Railway Area (SERA) by eliminating regulatory and operational differences across EU rail systems. The 2013 Commission legislative proposals, known as the 'Fourth Railway Package', were adopted by the European Parliament in April 2016 after long negotiations. Among these proposals is a new regulation on ERA, renamed the EU Agency ...

Established in 2004 and based in Valenciennes (France), the European Railway Agency (ERA) was set up with a view to revitalising the rail sector and creating a Single European Railway Area (SERA) by eliminating regulatory and operational differences across EU rail systems. The 2013 Commission legislative proposals, known as the 'Fourth Railway Package', were adopted by the European Parliament in April 2016 after long negotiations. Among these proposals is a new regulation on ERA, renamed the EU Agency for Railways, which, with two modified directives, expands its powers.

Legal Obligations Relating to Emission Measurements in the EU Automotive Sector

15-06-2016

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

This study looks at the discrepancy in NOx emissions between type-approval tests and real-world driving. It examines the legal stakeholder obligations with regard to emission measurements in the European type-approval process and offers insights into the practical implementation of type-approval procedures throughout the EU. This study was provided by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (EMIS).

Awtur estern

Holger HEINFELLNER, Clemens KONRAD, Günther LICHTBLAU, Barbara SCHODL, Gudrun STRANNER and Ralf WINTER

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices

07-06-2016

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices cover a wide array of products, from sticking plasters, to heart valves, to state-of-the-art analytical laboratory equipment, with over 500 000 devices on the EU market. The EU legal framework for such devices was harmonised in the 1990s. The European Commission presented a pair of proposals for regulations in September 2012, to update the framework. Following Parliament's first readings in April 2014, the Council agreed its positions in October ...

Medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices cover a wide array of products, from sticking plasters, to heart valves, to state-of-the-art analytical laboratory equipment, with over 500 000 devices on the EU market. The EU legal framework for such devices was harmonised in the 1990s. The European Commission presented a pair of proposals for regulations in September 2012, to update the framework. Following Parliament's first readings in April 2014, the Council agreed its positions in October 2015. At the conclusion of the tenth trilogue meeting, agreement was reached on both proposals on 25 May 2016. The compromise centres on stricter requirements for notified bodies, stronger pre-market scrutiny and post-marketing surveillance; strengthened rules for high-risk devices and certain other categories of devices; and increased transparency and traceability. This updates a previous edition from December 2015: PE 572.819. A more recent edition of this document is available. Find it by searching by the document title at this address: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/home.html

Cableway installations: Proposal for a new regulation

31-05-2016

Around 17 500 cableway installations currently exist in western Europe and the Alps, representing 60% of the global total. European industry has generally held a dominant position in the global cableway installations market, with the ski industry remaining the primary market for cableway technology. The new regulation covering the European Economic Area is to replace Directive 2000/9/EC relating to cableway installations designed to carry persons. Its aim is to simplify the current rules, align them ...

Around 17 500 cableway installations currently exist in western Europe and the Alps, representing 60% of the global total. European industry has generally held a dominant position in the global cableway installations market, with the ski industry remaining the primary market for cableway technology. The new regulation covering the European Economic Area is to replace Directive 2000/9/EC relating to cableway installations designed to carry persons. Its aim is to simplify the current rules, align them with the European Union New Legislative Framework, and address some problems experienced in implementing the Directive 2000/9/EC. Given its predominantly technical nature, the new regulation was developed with input from experts via targeted consultations. Commission's impact assessment revealed a broad consensus among Member States, manufacturers, notified bodies and stakeholders regarding the need to simplify and clarify the current rules. Following approval by both Parliament and Council, Regulation 2016/424 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union, entering into force on 20 April 2016. This updates the previous version, of January 2016: PE 573.895.

The fourth railway package: 'Technical pillar'

25-04-2016

Running a train from one country to another is fairly complex and costly as it requires technical compatibility of different railway systems and infrastructure, as well as a common approach to safety. Despite the noteworthy achievements made by the EU since the late 1980s to harmonise rail systems and to create an integrated EU railway area, improvement is still needed to streamline the procedures and the management of technical systems and rules.

Running a train from one country to another is fairly complex and costly as it requires technical compatibility of different railway systems and infrastructure, as well as a common approach to safety. Despite the noteworthy achievements made by the EU since the late 1980s to harmonise rail systems and to create an integrated EU railway area, improvement is still needed to streamline the procedures and the management of technical systems and rules.

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