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Nepal, Bhutan and their neighbours: Two Himalayan countries landlocked between India and China

05-04-2019

Nepal and Bhutan are two poor landlocked Himalayan countries, sandwiched between a democracy and an authoritarian one-party state: India and China. After an authoritarian past, during the last decade, they have begun reforms in order to switch towards a democratic model. After a long and complicated path, Nepal succeeded in adopting a new constitution in 2015. Its first post-constitution government is run by an alliance of communist parties. In Bhutan, the king has successfully steered the country ...

Nepal and Bhutan are two poor landlocked Himalayan countries, sandwiched between a democracy and an authoritarian one-party state: India and China. After an authoritarian past, during the last decade, they have begun reforms in order to switch towards a democratic model. After a long and complicated path, Nepal succeeded in adopting a new constitution in 2015. Its first post-constitution government is run by an alliance of communist parties. In Bhutan, the king has successfully steered the country towards democratisation, as confirmed by the October 2018 general elections. While historically the two countries have nurtured solid relations with India, in recent years Beijing has expanded its footprint in the region considerably, challenging Delhi's traditional sphere of influence and increasing its sense of encirclement. In 2017 this led to a crisis referred to as the 'Doklam Plateau standoff'. There is currently a window of opportunity for Nepal and Bhutan to diversify their economic and security partnership and to rebalance their foreign policies between their two big neighbours. The EU has been supporting the two countries on their democratic journey and tripled resources for both countries' development for the 2014-2020 period. As they are among the world's poorest countries, Nepal and Bhutan benefit from the EU's 'Everything But Arms' scheme, which grants full duty free and quota free access to the EU single market for all products.

The situation of indigenous children with disabilities

18-12-2017

Indigenous children with disabilities (ICwD) have received little attention in academic research and development policies. However, they face discrimination at many levels, based on ethnicity, age, ability and gender and this often leads to serious human rights violations. The lack of data, both on the prevalence of disabilities among indigenous children and young people and on specific violations of their human rights, is a serious constraint to any policy intended to respect, protect and promote ...

Indigenous children with disabilities (ICwD) have received little attention in academic research and development policies. However, they face discrimination at many levels, based on ethnicity, age, ability and gender and this often leads to serious human rights violations. The lack of data, both on the prevalence of disabilities among indigenous children and young people and on specific violations of their human rights, is a serious constraint to any policy intended to respect, protect and promote their human rights. This study seeks to identify these gaps, point to certain patterns and recommend ways of improving data collection and the situation of ICwD in future.

Externe auteur

Isabel Inguanzo

Cross-Cutting Effects of the EU´s Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) on Developing Economies

15-06-2015

The world has seen rapid growth of preferential trade and investment agreements (PTAs) that, by definition, aim to go beyond the existing WTO obligations of the parties. With this growth comes the danger of incompatible obligations as these PTAs overlap within a country. This study examines the sources of overlap in various PTAs and the compliance costs that PTAs may create for a developing country, with a special focus on the agricultural realm. Examining the reality of divergent SPS standards, ...

The world has seen rapid growth of preferential trade and investment agreements (PTAs) that, by definition, aim to go beyond the existing WTO obligations of the parties. With this growth comes the danger of incompatible obligations as these PTAs overlap within a country. This study examines the sources of overlap in various PTAs and the compliance costs that PTAs may create for a developing country, with a special focus on the agricultural realm. Examining the reality of divergent SPS standards, we conclude that better-targeted “Aid for Trade” and regulatory streamlining within the EU can help to mitigate compliance costs in developing countries. Additionally, involvement of the private sector at an earlier stage in PTA negotiations may also help to clarify compliance costs and build their mitigation into the agreements.

Externe auteur

Christopher HARTWELL (CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research, Poland)

Nepal's political parties and the difficult road towards a new Constitution

27-11-2014

Nepal may well be popular worldwide for Everest climbing with Sherpa's' help, yet it remains one of the poorest countries in the world. A 10-year guerrilla conflict ended in 2006 and led to the country's transition from monarchy to republic. However, the political parties have so far been unable to reach a compromise on a new constitution, or to provide the political stability that could allow this 30-million-strong multi-ethnic country to develop its economy.

Nepal may well be popular worldwide for Everest climbing with Sherpa's' help, yet it remains one of the poorest countries in the world. A 10-year guerrilla conflict ended in 2006 and led to the country's transition from monarchy to republic. However, the political parties have so far been unable to reach a compromise on a new constitution, or to provide the political stability that could allow this 30-million-strong multi-ethnic country to develop its economy.

Bhutan and its political parties

26-11-2014

Bhutan is a long-time isolated South Asian monarchy in the Himalayan mountains between India and China. TV broadcast was only introduced in 1999, making Bhutan the last country in the world to introduce television. Bhutan gained international exposure as the initiator of the concept of Gross National Happiness. Since 2008 it is experiencing a king-driven transition from absolute monarchy to democracy.

Bhutan is a long-time isolated South Asian monarchy in the Himalayan mountains between India and China. TV broadcast was only introduced in 1999, making Bhutan the last country in the world to introduce television. Bhutan gained international exposure as the initiator of the concept of Gross National Happiness. Since 2008 it is experiencing a king-driven transition from absolute monarchy to democracy.

A Human Rights and Poverty Review : EU Action in Addressing Caste-Based Discrimination

12-02-2013

Caste-based discrimination is a serious human rights violation, negatively affecting political, economic, social, cultural and civil rights of approximately 260 million people worldwide. The European Union is committed to the promotion of human rights within the EU and in its external relations. This brief aims to assess to what extent the EU has integrated the fight against caste-based discrimination in its external relations. Light is shed on the specific situations in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, ...

Caste-based discrimination is a serious human rights violation, negatively affecting political, economic, social, cultural and civil rights of approximately 260 million people worldwide. The European Union is committed to the promotion of human rights within the EU and in its external relations. This brief aims to assess to what extent the EU has integrated the fight against caste-based discrimination in its external relations. Light is shed on the specific situations in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Yemen and the European Union’s actions to address caste-based discrimination in these countries. Based on the analysis, the briefing elaborates recommendations on how the EU can mainstream the fight against caste-based discrimination into policies, strategies and programmes as well as dialogues with caste-affected countries. Legal realities and options for addressing discrimination vary between the partner countries. In order to mainstream the fight against caste-based discrimination, the EU, and the EEAS in particular, should utilize all options with regard to that country, including association agreements as well as partnership and cooperation agreements. Regarding countries that will not receive bilateral aid, the focus should be put on dialogues to address caste-based discrimination. Lessons on mainstreaming can be gained from the European Union’s experience in mainstreaming human rights.

Externe auteur

Suzanne Langsdorf (Ecologic Institute, Germany) and Rikke Nohrling (International Dalit Solidarity Network, Denmark)

Crisis in Nepal and Response from the International Community

15-02-2006

Nepal, to compare with countries in Europe, is a little larger in area than Greece but with over 27 million people, it has more than twice the current population of Greece. One of the poorest countries in the world, Nepal is sandwiched between two giant neighbours: India, which surrounds Nepal’s borders on three sides, and China with whom Nepal has its border on the North. The mystical Shangrila as it was known to the international community for its beautiful Himalayas and abundant natural beauty ...

Nepal, to compare with countries in Europe, is a little larger in area than Greece but with over 27 million people, it has more than twice the current population of Greece. One of the poorest countries in the world, Nepal is sandwiched between two giant neighbours: India, which surrounds Nepal’s borders on three sides, and China with whom Nepal has its border on the North. The mystical Shangrila as it was known to the international community for its beautiful Himalayas and abundant natural beauty has for the past decade witnessed unprecedented violence in its history as well as political, social and economic turmoil precipitating to a situation today that is alarmingly close to a total collapse of the state. EP-

Externe auteur

Sushil Pyakurel

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