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Resulta(a)t(en)

Woord(en)
Publicatietype
Beleidsterrein
Auteur
Datum

Vooruitzichten voor e-democratie in Europa

02-02-2018

Digitale instrumenten zouden de Europese burgers sterker kunnen betrekken bij het besluitvormingsproces van de EU en daardoor het democratisch tekort van de EU kunnen verkleinen. In dit verslag wordt onderzocht welke lessen kunnen worden getrokken uit lokale, nationale en Europese ervaringen met het gebruik van digitale instrumenten bij EU-besluitvormingsprocedures en voor de werking van EU-instellingen. Daartoe is een overzicht gemaakt van de huidige literatuur over e-democratie en de Europese publieke ...

Digitale instrumenten zouden de Europese burgers sterker kunnen betrekken bij het besluitvormingsproces van de EU en daardoor het democratisch tekort van de EU kunnen verkleinen. In dit verslag wordt onderzocht welke lessen kunnen worden getrokken uit lokale, nationale en Europese ervaringen met het gebruik van digitale instrumenten bij EU-besluitvormingsprocedures en voor de werking van EU-instellingen. Daartoe is een overzicht gemaakt van de huidige literatuur over e-democratie en de Europese publieke ruimte, zijn 22 lokale, nationale en EU-ervaringen met bestaande digitale instrumenten onderzocht en geëvalueerd, en is er een analyse gemaakt van de geschiktheid van de meest veelbelovende digitale instrumenten voor uitvoering en gebruik op EU-niveau. De belangrijkste factoren voor een succesvolle e-participatie die in het verslag worden genoemd, zijn de volgende: een nauw en duidelijk verband tussen e-participatieprocessen en een concreet formeel besluitvormingsproces; het participatieproces en de bijdrage van de resultaten ervan aan het algemene besluitvormingsproces moeten van meet af aan duidelijk zijn voor de participanten; feedback aan de participanten over wat er met hun bijdragen is gedaan, is een onmisbaar kenmerk van het proces; een participatieproces mag niet beperkt blijven tot één evenement, maar moet ingebed zijn in een institutionele "participatiecultuur"; e-participatie moet gepaard gaan met een doeltreffende mobilisatie- en betrokkenheidsstrategie, waarbij communicatieinstrumenten worden ingezet die op de verschillende doelgroepen zijn afgestemd.

How blockchain technology could change our lives

20-02-2017

Blockchain technology is of increasing interest to citizens, businesses and legislators across the European Union. This report is aimed at providing a point of entry for those curious about blockchain technology, so as to stimulate interest and provoke discussion around its potential impact. A general introduction is followed by a closer look at eight areas in which blockchain has been described as having a substantial potential impact. For each of these, an explanation is given of how the technology ...

Blockchain technology is of increasing interest to citizens, businesses and legislators across the European Union. This report is aimed at providing a point of entry for those curious about blockchain technology, so as to stimulate interest and provoke discussion around its potential impact. A general introduction is followed by a closer look at eight areas in which blockchain has been described as having a substantial potential impact. For each of these, an explanation is given of how the technology could be developed in that particular area, the possible impacts this development might have, and what potential policy issues are to be anticipated.

What if blockchain technology revolutionised voting?

29-09-2016

Is blockchain the revolution in security and transparency that is needed to enable e-voting and, if so, what are the implications for the future of democracy? Despite the digitalisation of several important aspects of modern life, elections are still largely conducted offline, on paper. Since the turn of the century, e-voting has been considered a promising and (eventually) inevitable development, which could speed up, simplify and reduce the cost of elections, and might even lead to higher voter ...

Is blockchain the revolution in security and transparency that is needed to enable e-voting and, if so, what are the implications for the future of democracy? Despite the digitalisation of several important aspects of modern life, elections are still largely conducted offline, on paper. Since the turn of the century, e-voting has been considered a promising and (eventually) inevitable development, which could speed up, simplify and reduce the cost of elections, and might even lead to higher voter turnouts and the development of stronger democracies. E-voting could take many forms: using the internet or a dedicated, isolated network; requiring voters to attend a polling station or allowing unsupervised voting; using existing devices, such as mobile phones and laptops, or requiring specialist equipment. Now we have a further choice; to continue trusting central authorities to manage elections or to use blockchain technology to distribute an open voting record among citizens. Many experts agree that e-voting would require revolutionary developments in security systems. The debate is whether blockchain will represent a transformative or merely incremental development, and what its implications could be for the future of democracy.

E-public, e-participation and e-voting in Europe - prospects and challenges (Study and Options Brief)

15-09-2011

How can the Internet contribute to the development and establishment of a genuinely European public (e-public)? What are good practices for e-participation in Europe and how can public organisations profit from opening up their processes to a wider audience (e-participation)? Is e-voting a realistic means to increase electoral turnout and what are the conditions for the success of e-voting? These are the main questions being dealt with in this report, which is the final report of the STOA-project ...

How can the Internet contribute to the development and establishment of a genuinely European public (e-public)? What are good practices for e-participation in Europe and how can public organisations profit from opening up their processes to a wider audience (e-participation)? Is e-voting a realistic means to increase electoral turnout and what are the conditions for the success of e-voting? These are the main questions being dealt with in this report, which is the final report of the STOA-project on e-democracy. The report includes the analysis and insights of a research and consultation project in which three scientific institutes, eleven external experts as participants of two workshops and several Members of the European Parliament were involved. The aim of the project, which went from January 2010 to September 2011, was to analyse current developments in the area of e-democracy and to relate the insights to the European policy context, especially to the needs of the European Parliament. Within the three areas of e-democracy covered in the study, e-voting is the area in which the recommendation to the European Parliament is the most explicit: Based on the analysis, the build-up of a comprehensive system for e-voting in Europe cannot be recommended for the time being. The reasons for this are primarily cost-benefit considerations, technological issues and reasons of political legitimacy. Underlying the analysis was the conviction that elections are at the heart of the democratic process and that existing and working election routines in the countries will not be changed without good reasons. Concerning e-public and e-participation the report argues that a European public sphere includes and requires an active citizenry endowed with political rights as well as with a sense of identity which motivates engagement and political concern. European citizenship cannot be based in common language and traditions but only in a sense of belonging to a political community w

Externe auteur

Bernd Beckert (Fraunhofer ISI), Ralf Lindner (Fraunhofer ISI), Kerstin Goos (Fraunhofer ISI), Leonhard Hennen (ITAS), Georg Aichholzer (ITA) and Stefan Strauβ (ITA)

The Future of Democracy in Europe : Trends, Analyses and Reforms

15-12-2008

This paper is a short version of a “Green Paper” that the author wrote for the Council of Europe, with Alexandre Trechsel. It includes a theoretical introduction which lays out the contemporary dilemmas of “Western-Liberal- Representative Democracy” and the trends that are affecting it. While the focus is on the national level, much of the analysis applies even more strongly to the EU level. Among the 29 recommendations for reform in the Green Paper the author inserts a detailed treatment of those ...

This paper is a short version of a “Green Paper” that the author wrote for the Council of Europe, with Alexandre Trechsel. It includes a theoretical introduction which lays out the contemporary dilemmas of “Western-Liberal- Representative Democracy” and the trends that are affecting it. While the focus is on the national level, much of the analysis applies even more strongly to the EU level. Among the 29 recommendations for reform in the Green Paper the author inserts a detailed treatment of those specific reforms that he believes should be of greatest concern to the European Union. He pays special attention to the matter of EU “referendums and initiatives”.

Externe auteur

Philippe C. Schmitter (European University Institute, Florence, Italy)

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