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Thailand in 2016: Restoring Democracy or Reversing it?

18-04-2016

After staging a military coup against the Yingluck Shinawatra government, a junta has been ruling Thailand since 22 May 2014. It has drastically restricted political activities and freedom of speech. There have been numerous human rights abuses, including torture. Under a ‘roadmap to democracy’, a referendum on a new constitution is planned for August 2017 and could be followed by elections at a later stage. However, the military might retain power until the king’s successor accedes to the throne ...

After staging a military coup against the Yingluck Shinawatra government, a junta has been ruling Thailand since 22 May 2014. It has drastically restricted political activities and freedom of speech. There have been numerous human rights abuses, including torture. Under a ‘roadmap to democracy’, a referendum on a new constitution is planned for August 2017 and could be followed by elections at a later stage. However, the military might retain power until the king’s successor accedes to the throne, in order to guarantee stability. Despite close trade ties, the EU has suspended the signing of a partnership and cooperation agreement and negotiations on a free trade agreement until democracy is restored. In April 2015, Thailand received a ‘yellow card’ warning by the European Commission for problems relating to illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.

Workshop on "Market Economy Status for China after 2016?"

16-03-2016

Section 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) allows importing WTO members to determine, under their national law, whether China is considered to be a market economy for the purpose of price comparability and of calculating dumping margins. Some provisions of this section expire on 11 December 2016, leaving uncertainty as to how China should be treated in antidumping investigations thereafter. The European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (INTA) organised ...

Section 15 of China’s Protocol of Accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) allows importing WTO members to determine, under their national law, whether China is considered to be a market economy for the purpose of price comparability and of calculating dumping margins. Some provisions of this section expire on 11 December 2016, leaving uncertainty as to how China should be treated in antidumping investigations thereafter. The European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (INTA) organised a workshop jointly with the Policy Department of the Directorate-General for External Policies in order to hear the views of different academic experts on both the legal and the economic implications.

Autorzy zewnętrzni

Bernard O'CONNOR, Jean-François BELLIS, Robert SCOTT and Maurizio ZANARDI

The United Nations and the EU Trade Policy: The Case of UNCTAD

28-01-2016

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

The EU's trade policy does not exist in a vacuum. On the one hand, it is affected by international standard and rule-setting. On the other hand, the EU is itself an influential actor shaping the international trade agenda by participating in the work of international organisations and fora. This short note focuses on the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Pozostał rok: debata na temat statusu gospodarki rynkowej Chin staje się coraz gorętsza

17-12-2015

Status gospodarki rynkowej – termin techniczny stosowany w postępowaniach antydumpingowych – znalazł się w centrum międzynarodowej debaty, powodując gorące dyskusje na temat tego, czy taki status zostanie wkrótce przyznany Chinom. Chiny twierdzą, że ich dokumenty przystąpienia do WTO przewidują automatyczne uzyskanie statusu gospodarki rynkowej po 11 grudnia 2016 r. Niemniej jednak zdaniem wielu członków WTO przywoływany tekst – sekcja 15 Protokołu w sprawie przystąpienia Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej ...

Status gospodarki rynkowej – termin techniczny stosowany w postępowaniach antydumpingowych – znalazł się w centrum międzynarodowej debaty, powodując gorące dyskusje na temat tego, czy taki status zostanie wkrótce przyznany Chinom. Chiny twierdzą, że ich dokumenty przystąpienia do WTO przewidują automatyczne uzyskanie statusu gospodarki rynkowej po 11 grudnia 2016 r. Niemniej jednak zdaniem wielu członków WTO przywoływany tekst – sekcja 15 Protokołu w sprawie przystąpienia Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej do WTO – podlega interpretacji. Kwestia jest delikatna z kilku powodów. Pod względem prawnym UE musi zapewnić zgodność swoich przepisów z przepisami WTO. Aspekty gospodarcze są jednak złożone – i potencjalnie zasadnicze dla znaczących sektorów gospodarki UE. Zdolność UE do zapewnienia równych warunków dla jej własnych produktów przemysłowych oraz importowanych z Chin jest uzależniona od zdolności UE do niwelowania niesprawiedliwie niskich cen chińskiego przywozu po cenach dumpingowych; instrumenty antydumpingowe, które UE wykorzystuje w tym celu zależą od statusu gospodarki rynkowej Chin. Kwestia ta ma również konsekwencje polityczne i może mieć istotny wpływ na relacje UE z innymi krajami. Ogólnie korzyści dla UE przyniosłaby bardziej rozbudowana ocena niż dokonana do tej pory, wniesienie wkładu przez Parlament Europejski oraz podejście bardziej skoordynowane z głównymi partnerami handlowymi.

Japan’s Bet on Reforms: Growth First – Fiscal Sustainability to Follow

04-09-2015

Given the underwhelming results of the large-scale fiscal and monetary stimulus implemented by the administration of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the country is now focusing on structural reforms. The government's new economic and fiscal plan – released in late June 2015 – is clear in its message: to reduce Japan’s gigantic debt, now estimated at over 246 % of GDP, and achieve fiscal sustainability, the country needs robust economic growth. The government is betting that structural reforms ...

Given the underwhelming results of the large-scale fiscal and monetary stimulus implemented by the administration of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the country is now focusing on structural reforms. The government's new economic and fiscal plan – released in late June 2015 – is clear in its message: to reduce Japan’s gigantic debt, now estimated at over 246 % of GDP, and achieve fiscal sustainability, the country needs robust economic growth. The government is betting that structural reforms will trigger a ‘productivity revolution’ and boost income, investment, consumption and profits. Fiscal sustainability will then follow, as a revitalised economy will broaden the tax base and bring in higher revenues. Despite Abe’s good intentions, however, his economic policy agenda has been criticised on several fronts. The international community is calling for greater fiscal discipline, while the business community is dissatisfied with proposed measures to simplify doing business in Japan. The plan has also failed to convince many of Abe’s genuine commitment to advance economic reforms at a time when the Prime Minister seems more interested in upgrading Japan’s defence capabilities. If Japan is serious about restoring its glorious economic past, far-reaching economic reforms will need to move at a faster pace.

China: Economic Outlook, 2015

15-07-2015

China stands now at a crossroads, where factors that for many years contributed to its growth have nearly – if not completely – exhausted their potential. As domestic economic challenges grow more pressing, Beijing has embarked on a new development strategy to 'rebalance' its economy and reinforce its integration into global markets. A number of elements of this strategy – including the 'One Belt One Road' initiative – are likely to have a major impact across the globe.

China stands now at a crossroads, where factors that for many years contributed to its growth have nearly – if not completely – exhausted their potential. As domestic economic challenges grow more pressing, Beijing has embarked on a new development strategy to 'rebalance' its economy and reinforce its integration into global markets. A number of elements of this strategy – including the 'One Belt One Road' initiative – are likely to have a major impact across the globe.

Trade and economic relations with China 2015

23-06-2015

The EU's trade and economic relations with China, the global leader in trade, are generally good, and the number of disputes reasonable. Yet the EU is dissatisfied with China's reluctance to fully implement its commitments to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and, more generally, with its protectionist measures, which often hurt EU interests. For its part, Beijing is still dissatisfied with the EU's refusal to grant the country 'market economy' status and with other measures it believes limit China's ...

The EU's trade and economic relations with China, the global leader in trade, are generally good, and the number of disputes reasonable. Yet the EU is dissatisfied with China's reluctance to fully implement its commitments to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and, more generally, with its protectionist measures, which often hurt EU interests. For its part, Beijing is still dissatisfied with the EU's refusal to grant the country 'market economy' status and with other measures it believes limit China's access to the Single Market. Negotiations for an EU-China partnership and cooperation agreement, initiated in 2007, have yet to be concluded. In January 2014, China and the EU held the first round of negotiations for a bilateral investment agreement. Negotiations are progressing steadily but their end is not in sight. More recently, Beijing has suggested opening talks for an EU-China FTA, but Europe’s reaction has been lukewarm.

Protectionism in the G20 (2015)

09-03-2015

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