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Road safety in the EU

26-02-2019

Between 1991 and 2017, and especially after 2000, the EU witnessed substantial improvements in terms of road safety, whether measured in terms of fatalities, accidents or injuries. Over a shorter period, between 2001 and 2010, the number of deaths on EU roads decreased by 43 %, and by around another 20 % since 2010. The most recent figures, however, show that progress in reducing the fatality rate is stagnating, and that specific road users or demographic groups are not witnessing the same improvements ...

Between 1991 and 2017, and especially after 2000, the EU witnessed substantial improvements in terms of road safety, whether measured in terms of fatalities, accidents or injuries. Over a shorter period, between 2001 and 2010, the number of deaths on EU roads decreased by 43 %, and by around another 20 % since 2010. The most recent figures, however, show that progress in reducing the fatality rate is stagnating, and that specific road users or demographic groups are not witnessing the same improvements as the rest of the population. Road safety is a shared competence, implying that many measures are primarily dealt with by Member States. However, the EU, in line with Article 91(c) TFEU, has significantly developed the acquis in this area, with the Commission adopting several policy frameworks on road safety. In 2003, the EU set itself a target in terms of reducing road fatalities, and regularly monitors progress towards this goal. In June 2017, the Council endorsed the Valletta Declaration, which reasserted commitments and targets in the area of road safety. In May 2018, within the context of the third and last 'mobility package', the Commission presented a common framework for road safety for the 2021-2030 period, recalling the EU’s long-term goal of moving as close as possible to zero fatalities in road transport by 2050 ('Vision Zero'). The European Parliament has adopted numerous resolutions regarding or covering road safety, calling notably for more detailed and measurable targets, more account taken of vulnerable users as well as of the safety challenges emerging from the development of connected and automated mobility. This is an updated edition of a Briefing published in November 2016: PE 593.542.

Implementing the Aarhus Convention: Access to justice in environmental matters

11-10-2017

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the ...

The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters is an international agreement that gives the public a number of rights with regard to the environment. It consists of three pillars, one of them covering the right of access to justice in cases of non-compliance with environmental law. Implementation of the convention's provisions on access to justice have been the focus of two recent documents, one published by the European Commission and the other by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee. While the European Commission examines the implementation of the convention provisions in the Member States, the UNECE Committee takes a critical look at implementation at EU level. Both papers point to shortcomings, in particular with regard to the right of non-governmental organisations to be heard in court. Regarding implementation at Member State level, the Commission has launched a dialogue procedure with each Member State concerned. When it comes to implementation at EU level, the convention's Meeting of the Parties in September 2017 postponed its decision on the findings of the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee in respect of the EU to its next meeting in 2021.

New rules on security of gas supply

05-09-2017

In February 2016, the Commission adopted a proposal to revise the 2010 regulation on security of gas supply. Trilogue negotiations in early 2017 produced an agreed text that was endorsed by the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) committee in May 2017. The Parliament is due to vote on this text during the September 2017 plenary.

In February 2016, the Commission adopted a proposal to revise the 2010 regulation on security of gas supply. Trilogue negotiations in early 2017 produced an agreed text that was endorsed by the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) committee in May 2017. The Parliament is due to vote on this text during the September 2017 plenary.

Research for TRAN Committee - The Impact of Higher or Lower Weight and Volume of Cars on Road Safety, Particularly for Vulnerable Users

16-11-2015

The study provides an in-depth analysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. The analysis found that there are many vehicle based safety technologies that offer promise and further work should be undertaken to assess if future European type-approval regulation would be appropriate and proportional. Recommendations of technologies to consider are given.

The study provides an in-depth analysis of necessary technological changes, in order to improve the impact of higher or lower weight and volume of cars on road safety, particularly for, but not limited to vulnerable users. The analysis found that there are many vehicle based safety technologies that offer promise and further work should be undertaken to assess if future European type-approval regulation would be appropriate and proportional. Recommendations of technologies to consider are given.

Autor externo

Richard Cuerden, Mervyn Edwards and Matthias Seidl

Technical Development and Implementation of Event Data Recording in the Road Safety Policy

15-09-2014

The study provides an analysis of the technical developments and implementation of Event Data Recorders (EDRs) in cars or commercial transport vehicles. EDRs are devices able to record information related to vehicle crashes or accidents. They have been used since the 1970s by US car manufacturers to investigate accident causation and to improve vehicle design; at present, increasing applications in the insurance market and public and private fleet management are emerging. The EU is giving increasing ...

The study provides an analysis of the technical developments and implementation of Event Data Recorders (EDRs) in cars or commercial transport vehicles. EDRs are devices able to record information related to vehicle crashes or accidents. They have been used since the 1970s by US car manufacturers to investigate accident causation and to improve vehicle design; at present, increasing applications in the insurance market and public and private fleet management are emerging. The EU is giving increasing attention to these and other Intelligent Transport System devices as they could help meet road safety targets set in the 2011 Transport White Paper. This study provides an overview of existing application of EDRs in the EU, Switzerland and the US, presenting evidence on their scope of application, technical features, data processing system and outcomes achieved. It concludes with recommendations on factors that should be considered when shaping policies to sustain effective implementation of EDRs in the EU.

Autor externo

Roberta Frisoni, Francesco Dionori, Lorenzo Casullo, Christoph Vollath, Michele Tavani, Louis Devenish, Davide Ranghetti and Federico Spano (Steer Davies Gleave)

OS REVESTIMENTOS DAS ESTRADAS DA UE: IMPACTO ECONÓMICO E AO NÍVEL DA SEGURANÇA DA AUSÊNCIA DE MANUTENÇÃO RODOVIÁRIA REGULAR

15-07-2014

O presente estudo não só analisa as condições e a qualidade dos revestimentos das estradas da UE e as tendências verificadas nos orçamentos nacionais no que toca às atividades de manutenção rodoviária nos últimos anos, como também avalia as consequências económicas e ao nível da segurança da ausência de manutenção rodoviária regular. Os autores investigam as principais causas na origem das variações identificadas e os consequentes impactos na segurança rodoviária. Com base nessa investigação, recomendam ...

O presente estudo não só analisa as condições e a qualidade dos revestimentos das estradas da UE e as tendências verificadas nos orçamentos nacionais no que toca às atividades de manutenção rodoviária nos últimos anos, como também avalia as consequências económicas e ao nível da segurança da ausência de manutenção rodoviária regular. Os autores investigam as principais causas na origem das variações identificadas e os consequentes impactos na segurança rodoviária. Com base nessa investigação, recomendam, por conseguinte, uma série de medidas e boas práticas que visam ajudar a preservar a segurança e a qualidade dos revestimentos das estradas da UE.

Autor externo

Roberta Frisoni, Francesco Dionori, Lorenzo Casullo, Christoph Vollath, Louis Devenish, Federico Spano, Tomasz Sawicki, Soutra Carl, Rooney Lidia, João Neri, Radu Silaghi, Andrea Stanghellini (Steer Davies Gleave)

Technical Development and Deployment of Alcohol Interlocks in Road Safety Policy

14-03-2014

This study presents a discussion on alcohol interlocks in terms of their use, effectiveness and contribution to road safety. While summarising the most recent road safety developments and providing an account of the drink-driving phenomenon, the study outlines the technical requirements for the use of these devices and the various methods of use currently established in EU Member States. The study concludes with an analysis of their cost-effectiveness in relation to their deployment in the commercial ...

This study presents a discussion on alcohol interlocks in terms of their use, effectiveness and contribution to road safety. While summarising the most recent road safety developments and providing an account of the drink-driving phenomenon, the study outlines the technical requirements for the use of these devices and the various methods of use currently established in EU Member States. The study concludes with an analysis of their cost-effectiveness in relation to their deployment in the commercial road transport sector and specific users categories.

Autor externo

Angelo Martino, Alessio Sitran and Caterina Rosa (TRT Trasporti e Territorio Srl)

Roadworthiness of motor vehicles

27-06-2013

The technical condition of vehicles deteriorates with use and age, and with poor maintenance. Proposals for improved roadworthiness of motor vehicles along common standards, and through reinforced technical inspections and additional roadside checks, are now under consideration by the European Parliament.

The technical condition of vehicles deteriorates with use and age, and with poor maintenance. Proposals for improved roadworthiness of motor vehicles along common standards, and through reinforced technical inspections and additional roadside checks, are now under consideration by the European Parliament.

Occurrence Reporting in Civil Aviation: Initial Appraisal of the European Commission's Impact Assessment

15-03-2013

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on occurrence reporting in civil aviation. The proposal aims at revising Directive 2003/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 June 2003 on occurrence reporting in civil aviation and its implementing regulations. The IA provides an extensive and comprehensive overview ...

This note seeks to provide an initial analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Commission's Impact Assessment accompanying the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on occurrence reporting in civil aviation. The proposal aims at revising Directive 2003/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 June 2003 on occurrence reporting in civil aviation and its implementing regulations. The IA provides an extensive and comprehensive overview of the occurrence reporting obligations in current European legislation in Annex 6 (p. 37). An 'occurrence' in civil aviation is defined in Article 2(1) of Directive 2003/42/EC as 'an operational interruption, defect, fault or other irregular circumstance that has or may have influenced flight safety and that has not resulted in an accident or serious incident ...'. Directive 2003/42/EC requires each Member State to set up a mandatory occurrence reporting system. The reported occurrences are stored and sent to the European Central Repository (ECR).

Safety and the Causes of Accidents in the Fisheries Sector

01-10-2001

Fisheries is still one of the sectors with the highest risk of accidents. The causes of accidents vary widely, requiring specific regulations adapted to each case. The EU has two Directives (Directives 93/103/EC and 97/70/EC), but they only concern large vessels, i.e. +/-10% of the EU fishing fleet. Hence the importance of fresh legislation that should include all types of vessels.

Fisheries is still one of the sectors with the highest risk of accidents. The causes of accidents vary widely, requiring specific regulations adapted to each case. The EU has two Directives (Directives 93/103/EC and 97/70/EC), but they only concern large vessels, i.e. +/-10% of the EU fishing fleet. Hence the importance of fresh legislation that should include all types of vessels.

Autor externo

Rachid El Houdagui

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