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Hearings of the Commissioners-designate: Mariya Gabriel – Innovation and Youth

26-09-2019

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication ...

This briefing is one in a set looking at the Commissioners-designate and their portfolios as put forward by Commission President-elect Ursula von der Leyen. Each candidate faces a three-hour public hearing, organised by one or more parliamentary committees. After that process, those committees will judge the candidates' suitability for the role based on 'their general competence, European commitment and personal independence', as well as their 'knowledge of their prospective portfolio and their communication skills'. At the end of the hearings process, Parliament votes on the proposed Commission as a bloc, and under the Treaties may only reject the entire College of Commissioners, rather than individual candidates. The Briefing provides an overview of key issues in the portfolio areas, as well as Parliament's activity in the last term in that field. It also includes a brief introduction to the candidate.

EU policies – Delivering for citizens: Youth empowerment

28-06-2019

The proportion of young people (15-29 years old) in the general EU population is declining. On the whole, young people have a higher level of education than older adults, and youth unemployment rates have begun to decrease. Nevertheless, young people are still more exposed to poverty and social exclusion than other sections of the population. They are less prone to put their health at risk than previous generations. For instance, fewer young people smoke, get drunk, or become involved in a road accident ...

The proportion of young people (15-29 years old) in the general EU population is declining. On the whole, young people have a higher level of education than older adults, and youth unemployment rates have begun to decrease. Nevertheless, young people are still more exposed to poverty and social exclusion than other sections of the population. They are less prone to put their health at risk than previous generations. For instance, fewer young people smoke, get drunk, or become involved in a road accident than previously, but young people are still over-represented among those who are injured in road accidents. Obesity due to bad eating habits and lack of physical exercise is still an issue. Young people are also less likely to vote, or stand for election than older adults, but in recent years there has been a slight increase in interest in politics, political action and volunteering. Almost 80 % of young Europeans identify themselves as European citizens. In a Eurobarometer survey published in 2018 they placed education, skills and the environment at the top of a list of priorities for the EU. The European Union is engaged in helping Member States address young people's needs and aspirations through a youth strategy which covers areas such as employment, entrepreneurship, social inclusion, participation, education, training, health, wellbeing, voluntary activities, the global dimension, creativity and culture. The strategy is backed by a number of funding programmes that are specifically focused on young people, most notably the Youth Employment Initiative, Erasmus+ and the European Solidarity Corps. It also draws from funds directed at other specific policy areas. EU action in the area of youth empowerment is best known for the mobility opportunities it has created, in particular through Erasmus. Future challenges include reaching a wider spectrum of young people, especially those from disadvantaged and hard-to-reach groups, making the results of the consultative process, known as youth dialogue, more tangible, and improving synergies between policy areas for greater effectiveness. This is an update of an earlier briefing issued in advance of the 2019 European elections.

Non-formal learning: Access and validation

10-12-2018

Learning happens in different contexts, over the course of a lifetime, following various possible educational paths, as shown in Figure 1. In adult life, learning ranges from programmes that impart basic skills, learning groups engaged in raising awareness on various issues, mature students at university, open and distance learning, on-the-job training, courses that combine theory with practice, and classes or other learning activities taken in pursuit of a special interest. This infographic explains ...

Learning happens in different contexts, over the course of a lifetime, following various possible educational paths, as shown in Figure 1. In adult life, learning ranges from programmes that impart basic skills, learning groups engaged in raising awareness on various issues, mature students at university, open and distance learning, on-the-job training, courses that combine theory with practice, and classes or other learning activities taken in pursuit of a special interest. This infographic explains the modalities that non-formal learning takes across Member States.

Erasmus 2021-2027

15-11-2018

The focus of the new Erasmus programme 2021-2027 is on inclusiveness and on better reach of young people with fewer opportunities. The priorities and action steps of the new programme are described in the impact assessment in detail, however, no description is given on the actual operation of these actions in practice.

The focus of the new Erasmus programme 2021-2027 is on inclusiveness and on better reach of young people with fewer opportunities. The priorities and action steps of the new programme are described in the impact assessment in detail, however, no description is given on the actual operation of these actions in practice.

Erasmus 2021-2027: The Union programme for education, training, youth and sport

06-11-2018

The Erasmus 2021-2027 proposal was published on 30 May 2018. Establishing a new programme would ensure the continuation of the Erasmus+ funding programme for education, training, youth and sport. The Commission claims its proposal would double the funds available to €30 000 million in current prices, from €14 712 million dedicated to Erasmus+. The proposal would also triple the number of participants. While Erasmus+ offered mobility opportunities to more than 4 million people, the new programming ...

The Erasmus 2021-2027 proposal was published on 30 May 2018. Establishing a new programme would ensure the continuation of the Erasmus+ funding programme for education, training, youth and sport. The Commission claims its proposal would double the funds available to €30 000 million in current prices, from €14 712 million dedicated to Erasmus+. The proposal would also triple the number of participants. While Erasmus+ offered mobility opportunities to more than 4 million people, the new programming period aims to reach up to 12 million participants. The new proposal also aims at greater simplification for end-users, incorporates sports in the main structure of the programme, expands the use of digitalisation, supports new areas of knowledge and introduces Discover EU, a new mobility initiative. Stakeholders agreed that the current programme is highly beneficial but lessons need to be learnt to help the next generation programme run more efficiently and effectively.

Investigação destinada à Comissão CULT – Os FEEI e a cultura, a educação, a juventude e o desporto: a utilização dos Fundos Europeus Estruturais e de Investimento nos domínios de ação da comissão

15-05-2018

O estudo analisa a natureza e a extensão do financiamento dos FEEI nos domínios da educação e da formação, da cultura, do desporto e da juventude, incluindo a base jurídica para esse apoio. Embora muitas atividades nestes domínios careçam de dados oficiais, já todas as áreas estão a contribuir significativamente para o desenvolvimento económico e social. O estudo conclui com a recomendação de que o contributo humano nestes domínios para a política de coesão deve ser, no futuro, mais reconhecido.

O estudo analisa a natureza e a extensão do financiamento dos FEEI nos domínios da educação e da formação, da cultura, do desporto e da juventude, incluindo a base jurídica para esse apoio. Embora muitas atividades nestes domínios careçam de dados oficiais, já todas as áreas estão a contribuir significativamente para o desenvolvimento económico e social. O estudo conclui com a recomendação de que o contributo humano nestes domínios para a política de coesão deve ser, no futuro, mais reconhecido.

Autor externo

The Centre for Strategy & Evaluation Services LLP (CSES): Mike Coyne, Malin Carlberg, Caroline Chandler, Eugenie Lale-Demoz

EU Youth Strategy

20-02-2018

This study provides an analysis of the EU Youth Strategy, established through the Council Resolution adopted in November 2009 on a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field for the period 2010-2018. The EU Youth Strategy is, first and foremost, an instrument created to facilitate the coordination of Member States' youth policies, with the additional possibility of supporting actions taken at the European level and managed by the European Commission and other bodies and organisations ...

This study provides an analysis of the EU Youth Strategy, established through the Council Resolution adopted in November 2009 on a renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field for the period 2010-2018. The EU Youth Strategy is, first and foremost, an instrument created to facilitate the coordination of Member States' youth policies, with the additional possibility of supporting actions taken at the European level and managed by the European Commission and other bodies and organisations. Using the data available in various documents and sources on the implementation of the Youth Strategy, this study follows the structure of the Council Resolution, covering all fields of actions listed, as well as the types of measures introduced at the national level by Member States (strategy/policy/ regulation/guidelines/programme/other) in order to assess the relation between its parts and their take-up to date by the main actors in EU youth policy. It presents a compilation of findings allowing the reader to understand how much has been done so far, and shows substantial evolution in the activity of the European Union and individual Member States, particularly in learning from best practices and undertaking joint projects.

Ten issues to watch in 2018

08-01-2018

This is the second edition of an annual EPRS publication designed to identify key issues and policy areas that are likely to feature prominently on the political agenda of the European Union over the coming year. Topics presented include: the implications for the EU of the terrorism threat, the North Korean issue, the security challenges posed by disinformation, fake news and cyber-crime, the ongoing migration crisis and rising inequalities. Other important policy areas covered are youth empowerment ...

This is the second edition of an annual EPRS publication designed to identify key issues and policy areas that are likely to feature prominently on the political agenda of the European Union over the coming year. Topics presented include: the implications for the EU of the terrorism threat, the North Korean issue, the security challenges posed by disinformation, fake news and cyber-crime, the ongoing migration crisis and rising inequalities. Other important policy areas covered are youth empowerment, the EU budget, the future of the euro area, the European elections in 2019 and, last but not least, Brexit.

Novas prioridades para a cooperação UE-África

16-11-2017

A UE e África estão a preparar-se para redefinir as suas prioridades em matéria de cooperação no quadro da Estratégia Conjunta África-UE adotada há dez anos. Desta vez a ênfase será na necessidade de investir na juventude. Esta questão tem assumido uma posição de destaque nomeadamente no contexto do crescimento demográfico em África e do aumento da imigração ilegal do continente africano para a Europa. O Parlamento Europeu acabou de adotar uma resolução em que apresenta a sua posição sobre o assunto ...

A UE e África estão a preparar-se para redefinir as suas prioridades em matéria de cooperação no quadro da Estratégia Conjunta África-UE adotada há dez anos. Desta vez a ênfase será na necessidade de investir na juventude. Esta questão tem assumido uma posição de destaque nomeadamente no contexto do crescimento demográfico em África e do aumento da imigração ilegal do continente africano para a Europa. O Parlamento Europeu acabou de adotar uma resolução em que apresenta a sua posição sobre o assunto na perspetiva da Cimeira UE-África agendada para finais de novembro. Esta é uma versão atualizada de uma nota "Em síntese" publicada antes da primeira sessão plenária de novembro, PE 608.801.

O empoderamento dos jovens africanos: A nova orientação da cooperação UE-África

14-11-2017

África é o continente mais jovem do mundo. Com uma população em rápido crescimento, África deverá compensar grande parte do declínio populacional noutras partes do mundo nas próximas décadas. Em consequência, até 2050, uma em cada quatro pessoas em idade ativa no mundo poderá ser africana. Hoje em dia, mais de 60 % dos africanos têm menos de 25 anos. Este dinamismo demográfico acarreta enormes desafios e oportunidades. Se bem gerido, poderá conduzir a um milagre económico em África, que moldará a ...

África é o continente mais jovem do mundo. Com uma população em rápido crescimento, África deverá compensar grande parte do declínio populacional noutras partes do mundo nas próximas décadas. Em consequência, até 2050, uma em cada quatro pessoas em idade ativa no mundo poderá ser africana. Hoje em dia, mais de 60 % dos africanos têm menos de 25 anos. Este dinamismo demográfico acarreta enormes desafios e oportunidades. Se bem gerido, poderá conduzir a um milagre económico em África, que moldará a história do século XXI. Por outro lado, esse crescimento demográfico sem precedentes não é isento de desafios específicos: o elevado número de crianças e jovens deve ver asseguradas as suas necessidades de educação e saúde e têm que ser criados empregos suficientes para as grandes massas que entram no mercado de trabalho anualmente. Amplas gerações de jovens, que são politicamente excluídos e privados de oportunidades económicas, podem constituir um fator de agravamento dos conflitos e ser propensos à radicalização política e religiosa. A instabilidade e a pobreza crescente conduziriam igualmente a uma migração maciça para a Europa e o resto do mundo. A Europa não pode ignorar os crescentes desafios e oportunidades nas suas fronteiras meridionais. Repercussões positivas ou negativas para a Europa serão inevitáveis. É, por conseguinte, do interesse da UE ajudar o continente a orientar a expansão demográfica para uma expansão económica, proporcionando aos jovens oportunidades, reduzindo a pobreza e trazendo paz e estabilidade duradouras. À medida que a UE se prepara para redefinir a sua cooperação com África, a questão da juventude é, assim, inevitável. O desafio mais premente para a UE consiste em canalizar o investimento estrangeiro e o esforço de desenvolvimento para as populações mais jovens de África, que se encontram, mais do que nunca, nos Estados mais frágeis.

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