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Palavra(s)
Tipo de publicação
Domínio de intervenção
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Data

Composition of Public Expenditures in the EU

06-07-2020

This briefing provides an overview of the structure of public expenditures across EU Member States, by delving into their composition according to the classification of the functions of government provided by Eurostat. The overview aims at identifying similarities and differences among EU Members States in 2018 and spotting possible trends of convergence and divergence since 2008. This note is regularly updated.

This briefing provides an overview of the structure of public expenditures across EU Member States, by delving into their composition according to the classification of the functions of government provided by Eurostat. The overview aims at identifying similarities and differences among EU Members States in 2018 and spotting possible trends of convergence and divergence since 2008. This note is regularly updated.

Freedom of expression, a comparative law perspective - The United States

15-10-2019

This study forms part of a wider-ranging project, which seeks to lay the groundwork for comparisons between legal frameworks governing freedom of expression in different legal systems. The document analyses, with reference to the United States of America and the subject at hand, the legislation in force, the most relevant case law, and the concept of freedom of expression with its current and prospective limits, ending with some conclusions and possible solutions for future challenges. The legislative ...

This study forms part of a wider-ranging project, which seeks to lay the groundwork for comparisons between legal frameworks governing freedom of expression in different legal systems. The document analyses, with reference to the United States of America and the subject at hand, the legislation in force, the most relevant case law, and the concept of freedom of expression with its current and prospective limits, ending with some conclusions and possible solutions for future challenges. The legislative foundation for freedom of expression law in the United States is grounded in the First Amendment to the Constitution. Based on this text, the Supreme Court has created the freedom of expression doctrinal framework by which lower courts and other branches of government are bound. Unlike other jurisdictions, the United States grants broad freedom of expression protections based largely on the idea that “good” speech will prevail over “bad” speech in the open market.

Autor externo

EPRS, Comparative Law

Researche for AGRI Committee - A comparative analysis of global agricultural policies: lessons for the future CAP

14-12-2018

This study provides a comparative analysis of global agricultural policies aimed at drawing lessons for the future of the CAP. Against the background of the main trends in agricultural support as well as recent changes and new initiatives in global agricultural policies, an in depth analysis is made of selected instruments in five countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland, US). Recommendations are made on how current instruments and the policy mix can be improved to better address challenges ...

This study provides a comparative analysis of global agricultural policies aimed at drawing lessons for the future of the CAP. Against the background of the main trends in agricultural support as well as recent changes and new initiatives in global agricultural policies, an in depth analysis is made of selected instruments in five countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, Switzerland, US). Recommendations are made on how current instruments and the policy mix can be improved to better address challenges for agriculture and rural development in the European Union.

Autor externo

Simone STERLY, Roel JONGENEEL, Holger PABST, Huib SILVIS, Jeff CONNOR, David FRESHWATER, Mikitaro SHOBAYASHI, Yukio KINOSHITA, Cornelis VAN KOOTEN, Alexander ZORN

Consumer Protection Cooperation

15-02-2018

The Commission estimates that the detriment to consumers caused by non-compliance with basic EU consumer rules in certain cross-border online markets and also by inefficient cross-border enforcement amounts to €770 million per year. To remedy this, in May 2016 the Commission presented a legislative proposal to review the existing rules on consumer protection cooperation between enforcement authorities as part of its e-commerce package. The aim was to clarify the rules, give more powers to national ...

The Commission estimates that the detriment to consumers caused by non-compliance with basic EU consumer rules in certain cross-border online markets and also by inefficient cross-border enforcement amounts to €770 million per year. To remedy this, in May 2016 the Commission presented a legislative proposal to review the existing rules on consumer protection cooperation between enforcement authorities as part of its e-commerce package. The aim was to clarify the rules, give more powers to national enforcement authorities and improve their coordination, primarily to enable them to address unlawful online practices. Parliament and Council reached agreement on the proposal in June 2017, and formally adopted it in November. The new regulation covers ongoing infringements and those that have already ended, and lays down procedures for cooperation in cases of widespread infringements of consumer rights that affect consumers in multiple Member States. It entered into force on 16 January 2018 and applies from 17 January 2020. Fifth edition, based on an original briefing by Jana Valant. The ‘EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings are updated at key stages throughout the legislative procedure.

Statute for Social and Solidarity-based Enterprises

06-12-2017

Social enterprises combine societal goals with entrepreneurial spirit. These organisations focus on achieving wider social, environmental or community objectives. There is currently no specific European legal framework to help social enterprises to benefit from the internal market. Against this background, this European added value assessment identifies the challenges in the existing national legal frameworks regarding social enterprises. It argues that action at EU level would generate economic ...

Social enterprises combine societal goals with entrepreneurial spirit. These organisations focus on achieving wider social, environmental or community objectives. There is currently no specific European legal framework to help social enterprises to benefit from the internal market. Against this background, this European added value assessment identifies the challenges in the existing national legal frameworks regarding social enterprises. It argues that action at EU level would generate economic and social added value. Moreover, it outlines potential legislative measures that could be taken at EU level, and that could generate European added value through simplification and a coordinated approach in this area.

Research for REGI Committee - European Cohesion Policy and regional development policies in other parts of the world

15-09-2017

The study compares regional policies of China, Brazil, ASEAN and MERCOSUR with the EU’s Cohesion Policy to inspire the policy debate on its future after 2020. Despite the fact that these countries differ significantly from the EU, they attach great importance to territorial policies and provide useful suggestions. Strategic priorities are supported by flexible territorial concentration and competition rules in their regional policies, and cooperation among regions and administrative capacity building ...

The study compares regional policies of China, Brazil, ASEAN and MERCOSUR with the EU’s Cohesion Policy to inspire the policy debate on its future after 2020. Despite the fact that these countries differ significantly from the EU, they attach great importance to territorial policies and provide useful suggestions. Strategic priorities are supported by flexible territorial concentration and competition rules in their regional policies, and cooperation among regions and administrative capacity building are key components of policy implementation.

Autor externo

ISMERI EUROPA: Enrico WOLLEB, Andrea NALDINI, Andrea CIFFOLILLI; UNIVERSITY OF PARMA: Guglielmo WOLLEB, Alessandro DARAIO

WORKSHOP: Energy poverty

15-09-2017

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘Energy Poverty’ organised on 9 November 2016 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The invited experts provided an academic perspective on energy poverty landscapes in the European Union and presented results of two studies on energy poverty commissioned by the ITRE Committee. The presentations and proceedings of this workshop should support the ITRE Members in their evaluation ...

This report summarises the presentations and discussions made during a workshop on ‘Energy Poverty’ organised on 9 November 2016 by Policy Department A for the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE). The invited experts provided an academic perspective on energy poverty landscapes in the European Union and presented results of two studies on energy poverty commissioned by the ITRE Committee. The presentations and proceedings of this workshop should support the ITRE Members in their evaluation of the related legislative proposals in the “Clean Energy for All Europeans” package.

Autor externo

Saska Petrova, University of Manchester Benjamin Greiner, Öko- Institut Berlin Sergio Ugarte, SQ Consult B.V.

Youth Employment Initiative: European Implementation Assessment

30-06-2017

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis ...

This in-depth analysis, produced by the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS), aims at presenting an overview of the state of implementation of the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI), which was established in 2013. It was drafted following the publication of the European Commission's report on the YEI and the Youth Guarantee, and also takes the findings of the Court of Auditors' special reports on the implementation of both instruments into account. The analysis seeks to contribute to the preparation of a non-legislative implementation report by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs.

Obstacles to the Right of Free Movement and Residence for EU Citizens and their Families: Comparative Analysis

15-09-2016

TThis study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE and PETI Committees, presents a synthesis of in-depth studies in nine Member States in addition to broader EU and national research. Based on an analysis of selected provisions of Directive 2004/38/EC in Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK, it identifies the main persisting barriers to free movement for EU citizens ...

TThis study, commissioned by the European Parliament’s Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the LIBE and PETI Committees, presents a synthesis of in-depth studies in nine Member States in addition to broader EU and national research. Based on an analysis of selected provisions of Directive 2004/38/EC in Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK, it identifies the main persisting barriers to free movement for EU citizens and their family members. The study also examines discriminatory restrictions to free movement, measures to counter abuse of rights and refusals of entry and residence rights, in addition to expulsions. It finds that, ten years after the deadline for transposition, there is general compliance, though some challenges remain. More systematic data collection, evaluation and guidance is thus required. The nine country studies are made available separately.

Autor externo

Marta BALLESTEROS, Gillian KELLY, Nathalie MEURENS and Anna PEREGO

Research for CULT Committee - Evaluation of Education at the European Level

15-02-2016

This study addresses the question of similarities and differences of the education evaluation approaches of the EU and the OECD with the aim of exploring the possibilities of further developing the education evaluation system and the related policies of the EU. The study analyses the existing EU level educational evaluation practices and policies with a special focus on the use of educational indicators and the assessment of pupil competences. On the basis of the analysis a number of recommendations ...

This study addresses the question of similarities and differences of the education evaluation approaches of the EU and the OECD with the aim of exploring the possibilities of further developing the education evaluation system and the related policies of the EU. The study analyses the existing EU level educational evaluation practices and policies with a special focus on the use of educational indicators and the assessment of pupil competences. On the basis of the analysis a number of recommendations have been formulated for possible future EU level policies and actions.

Autor externo

Gábor Halász (ELTE University, Budapest, Hungary)

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