97

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Single Resolution Mechanism - Main Features, Oversight and Accountability

16-07-2019

One of the key lessons learned from the financial crisis in 2007-2008 is that in order to reduce the direct and indirect costs of bank failures for national governments, one has to have a credible framework in place to deal with banks’ failures, including clear rules as to the allocation of losses and the conditions attached to the use of common resources, to provide strong incentives for taking measures of precaution in good times and minimise losses in times of crisis. To that end, Europe has put ...

One of the key lessons learned from the financial crisis in 2007-2008 is that in order to reduce the direct and indirect costs of bank failures for national governments, one has to have a credible framework in place to deal with banks’ failures, including clear rules as to the allocation of losses and the conditions attached to the use of common resources, to provide strong incentives for taking measures of precaution in good times and minimise losses in times of crisis. To that end, Europe has put together a framework for resolving banks in difficulties. That framework is the Single Resolution Mechanism, headed by an European agency, the Single Resolution Board (SRB), based on Regulation 806/2014 and comprising all national resolution authorities of the Member States participating in the Banking Union.

Euro Area Scrutiny: External expertise on economic governance issues during the 8th Parliamentary term

24-06-2019

This document provides the summaries of all external experts papers published during the 8th parliamentary term (2014-2019) by the Economic Governance Support Unit, aimed at supporting the scrutiny work on the functioning of the Euro Area, especially in view of the bi-annual Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup.

This document provides the summaries of all external experts papers published during the 8th parliamentary term (2014-2019) by the Economic Governance Support Unit, aimed at supporting the scrutiny work on the functioning of the Euro Area, especially in view of the bi-annual Economic Dialogues with the President of the Eurogroup.

Banking Supervisory challenges ahead in the Banking Union

16-05-2019

This note presents the summaries of four papers requested by the ECON Committee to external authors on ”The next SSM term: Supervisory challenges ahead", given the recent appointment of Andrea Enria as Chair of the Single Supervisory Mechansim (SSM). The experts were asked to briefly look back at how the SSM (part of the ECB) has over the past years performed against the main goals it was supposed to accomplish; look forward at the supervisory challenges ahead; and to reflect upon which modified ...

This note presents the summaries of four papers requested by the ECON Committee to external authors on ”The next SSM term: Supervisory challenges ahead", given the recent appointment of Andrea Enria as Chair of the Single Supervisory Mechansim (SSM). The experts were asked to briefly look back at how the SSM (part of the ECB) has over the past years performed against the main goals it was supposed to accomplish; look forward at the supervisory challenges ahead; and to reflect upon which modified supervisory practices would facilitate the Parliament’s scrutiny work.

The next SSM term: supervisory challenges ahead

18-03-2019

Compared to the pre-SSM period, the European banking system appears today healthier and sounder. Capital ratios and asset quality have steadily improved. Capital ratios have become not only higher but also more comparable and reliable. Taking stock of these positive outcomes, the challenges for supervision in the future is to be able to foster financial integration and reconcile harmonisation with greater consideration of bank and country specificities. In this respect, we see positively an approach ...

Compared to the pre-SSM period, the European banking system appears today healthier and sounder. Capital ratios and asset quality have steadily improved. Capital ratios have become not only higher but also more comparable and reliable. Taking stock of these positive outcomes, the challenges for supervision in the future is to be able to foster financial integration and reconcile harmonisation with greater consideration of bank and country specificities. In this respect, we see positively an approach encouraging supervisory dialogue. Furthermore, supervisory requirements need to be simple, clear, and possibly stable to reduce uncertainty and the compliance costs of an overly demanding supervision. We also look forward to a model that does not let out of sight the very final goal of good supervision, that is favouring economic growth through a healthier and sounder banking system. Overall, we encourage more nuanced and less ‘one-size-fits-all’ supervisory decisions, supported by stronger empirical research to reduce the risk of unintended effects.

Externý autor

B. Bruno, E. Carletti

The next SSM term: supervisory challenges ahead

18-03-2019

We look at the challenges facing the Single Supervisory Mechanism in the coming years, and discuss vulnerabilities in the euro area’s banking system, as well as possible improvements in the SSM’s internal practices. Among the former are low profitability, the increased role of the shadow banking system and weak governance. The latter include an overly complex regulatory framework, limits on staffing that lead to excessive usage of consultants, the need for more transparency and accountability. The ...

We look at the challenges facing the Single Supervisory Mechanism in the coming years, and discuss vulnerabilities in the euro area’s banking system, as well as possible improvements in the SSM’s internal practices. Among the former are low profitability, the increased role of the shadow banking system and weak governance. The latter include an overly complex regulatory framework, limits on staffing that lead to excessive usage of consultants, the need for more transparency and accountability. The SSM should help banks achieve more sustainable returns by making supervisory requirements less complex. It should monitor shadow banks, ensuring that traditional lenders are isolated from possible shocks. As for governance, the SSM ought to engage in a multi-year action plan aimed at improving ethics, technical qualifications, checks and balances. Regulatory complexity must be reduced by further harmonising national rules. Constraints on the SSM’s budget and human resources should be loosened, but the use of external consultants ought to be limited to special cases. Accountability and transparency can be enhanced, e.g., through greater disclosure on resources and objectives, SREP and other internal methodologies, and on decisions taken by the SSM’s Administrative Board of Review. The European Court of Auditors should be entitled to assess the soundness of the SSM’s processes, without interfering with individual supervisory decisions.

Externý autor

A.Resti

Completing the Banking Union

06-02-2019

The present briefing gives an overview of the state of play of the various workstreams on completing the Banking Union, covering both risk sharing (European Deposit Insurance Scheme -EDIS) and risk reduction measures (see tables overleaf). It will be regularly updated.

The present briefing gives an overview of the state of play of the various workstreams on completing the Banking Union, covering both risk sharing (European Deposit Insurance Scheme -EDIS) and risk reduction measures (see tables overleaf). It will be regularly updated.

Latvia Cracks Down on Unscrupulous Banking

13-12-2018

This briefing, provided by Policy department A, discusses the Latvian banking system and its exposure to money laundering risks. It was prepared following the European Parliament’s Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance Committee (TAX3) delegation visit to Latvia in August 2018.

This briefing, provided by Policy department A, discusses the Latvian banking system and its exposure to money laundering risks. It was prepared following the European Parliament’s Financial Crimes, Tax Evasion and Tax Avoidance Committee (TAX3) delegation visit to Latvia in August 2018.

Banking Union Indicators

15-11-2018

This briefing provides an overview on the key risk indicators that have been selected so far by the Euro-group to assess progress in risk reduction in the Banking Union. Those indicators form part of the ongoing discussions to find an overall agreement ahead of the Euro Summit planned for December 2018. This briefing will be updated regularly, based on publically available information, with a view to highlighting trends in risk reduction.

This briefing provides an overview on the key risk indicators that have been selected so far by the Euro-group to assess progress in risk reduction in the Banking Union. Those indicators form part of the ongoing discussions to find an overall agreement ahead of the Euro Summit planned for December 2018. This briefing will be updated regularly, based on publically available information, with a view to highlighting trends in risk reduction.

The supervisory approach to anti-money laundering: an analysis of the Joint Working Group’s reflection paper

14-11-2018

On August 31 2018, a Joint Working Group consisting of representatives of the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the European Supervisory Agencies published a document entitled ‘Reflection paper on possible elements of a Roadmap for seamless cooperation between Anti Money Laundering and Prudential Supervisors in the European Union’. The reflection paper straightforwardly calls for additional resources to be made available to the European Banking Authority to counter money laundering ...

On August 31 2018, a Joint Working Group consisting of representatives of the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the European Supervisory Agencies published a document entitled ‘Reflection paper on possible elements of a Roadmap for seamless cooperation between Anti Money Laundering and Prudential Supervisors in the European Union’. The reflection paper straightforwardly calls for additional resources to be made available to the European Banking Authority to counter money laundering. Suggestions for better cooperation and information sharing among anti-money laundering and prudential supervisors, however, risk being ineffective, as long as the underlying incentives to engage in international regulatory competition towards low enforcement of anti-money laundering standards are not addressed. To eliminate the potential for regulatory competition, anti-money laundering supervision needs to be raised to a European level.

Externý autor

H.Huizinga

Abundant liquidity and banks’ lending activity: an assessment of the risks

28-09-2018

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) asked experts to prepare for the Monetary Dialogue session of 24 September 2018 analyses of the risks related to the abundant liquidity and banks’ lending activity. This note, provided by Policy department A, gives an overview of the in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON) asked experts to prepare for the Monetary Dialogue session of 24 September 2018 analyses of the risks related to the abundant liquidity and banks’ lending activity. This note, provided by Policy department A, gives an overview of the in-depth analyses prepared by the experts.

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