1004

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The ECB’s disclosure of Pillar 2 capital requirements

02-04-2020

In January 2020, the European Central Bank (ECB) published for the first time a list with the specific Pillar 2 capital requirements for all banks under the ECB’s direct supervision, each individually mentioned by name. This briefing gives background information on the relevance of that disclosure, complementes the list with additional information, and analyses the data.

In January 2020, the European Central Bank (ECB) published for the first time a list with the specific Pillar 2 capital requirements for all banks under the ECB’s direct supervision, each individually mentioned by name. This briefing gives background information on the relevance of that disclosure, complementes the list with additional information, and analyses the data.

The European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism: Main Features

01-04-2020

This document presents the main features of the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism (EFSM). The EFSM allows the Commission to provide loans to euro area Member States threatened by severe difficulties and to access financial markets, by issuing bonds or with private placements. The amount that can be borrowed by the Commission on behalf of the European Union is limited.

This document presents the main features of the European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism (EFSM). The EFSM allows the Commission to provide loans to euro area Member States threatened by severe difficulties and to access financial markets, by issuing bonds or with private placements. The amount that can be borrowed by the Commission on behalf of the European Union is limited.

The economy and coronavirus - Weekly Picks - 30/03/2020

30-03-2020

This paper provides a summary of some recent analyses of the macroeconomic effects of the coronavirus and some policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate these negative effects.

This paper provides a summary of some recent analyses of the macroeconomic effects of the coronavirus and some policy recommendations made in the public domain to mitigate these negative effects.

Regular Update on EUEA level to mitigate the economic and social effects of coronavirus - 30/03/2020

30-03-2020

This document compiles information, obtained from public sources, on the measures proposed and taken at the EU or Euro Area level to mitigate the economic and social effects of Covid19. It will be regularly updated, following new developments.

This document compiles information, obtained from public sources, on the measures proposed and taken at the EU or Euro Area level to mitigate the economic and social effects of Covid19. It will be regularly updated, following new developments.

Is the current “fit and proper” regime appropriate for the Banking Union?

24-03-2020

EU rules on fit and proper are a patchwork of high-level principles and national law. Deep cross-country differences affect both the assessment process and the criteria used. New Level 1 measures are required to impose common requirements on knowledge, experience, good repute, independence and conflicts of interest, and to unify procedural aspects across Member States. Meanwhile, the ECB should assign a public score to individual board members and disclose the motivations behind its fit and proper ...

EU rules on fit and proper are a patchwork of high-level principles and national law. Deep cross-country differences affect both the assessment process and the criteria used. New Level 1 measures are required to impose common requirements on knowledge, experience, good repute, independence and conflicts of interest, and to unify procedural aspects across Member States. Meanwhile, the ECB should assign a public score to individual board members and disclose the motivations behind its fit and proper assessments.

Externý autor

Andrea RESTI

The ethics of artificial intelligence: Issues and initiatives

11-03-2020

This study deals with the ethical implications and moral questions that arise from the development and implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. It also reviews the guidelines and frameworks that countries and regions around the world have created to address these. It presents a comparison between the current main frameworks and the main ethical issues, and highlights gaps around mechanisms of fair benefit sharing; assigning of responsibility; exploitation of workers; energy demands ...

This study deals with the ethical implications and moral questions that arise from the development and implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. It also reviews the guidelines and frameworks that countries and regions around the world have created to address these. It presents a comparison between the current main frameworks and the main ethical issues, and highlights gaps around mechanisms of fair benefit sharing; assigning of responsibility; exploitation of workers; energy demands in the context of environmental and climate changes; and more complex and less certain implications of AI, such as those regarding human relationships.

Externý autor

DG, EPRS This study has been drafted by Eleanor Bird, Jasmin Fox-Skelly, Nicola Jenner, Ruth Larbey, Emma Weitkamp and Alan Winfield from the Science Communication Unit at the University of the West of England, at the request of the Panel for the Future of Science and Technology (STOA), and managed by the Scientific Foresight Unit, within the Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services (EPRS) of the Secretariat of the European Parliament.

EGOV Annual Activity Report 2019

11-03-2020

This activity report covers the year 2019 and presents an overview of the expertise provided by the Unit in the area of economic governance and banking union, supporting the related scrutiny activities in the competent committee(s).

This activity report covers the year 2019 and presents an overview of the expertise provided by the Unit in the area of economic governance and banking union, supporting the related scrutiny activities in the competent committee(s).

How has the macro-economic imbalances procedure worked in practice to improve the resilience of the euro area?

11-03-2020

This paper shows how the Macroeconomic Imbalances Procedure (MIP) could be streamlined and its underlying conceptual framework clarified. Implementation of the country-specific recommendations is low; their internal consistency is sometimes missing; despite past reforms, the MIP remains largely a country-by-country approach running the risk of aggravating the deflationary bias in the euro area. We recommend to streamline the scoreboard around a few meaningful indicators, involve national macro-prudential ...

This paper shows how the Macroeconomic Imbalances Procedure (MIP) could be streamlined and its underlying conceptual framework clarified. Implementation of the country-specific recommendations is low; their internal consistency is sometimes missing; despite past reforms, the MIP remains largely a country-by-country approach running the risk of aggravating the deflationary bias in the euro area. We recommend to streamline the scoreboard around a few meaningful indicators, involve national macro-prudential and productivity councils, better connect the various recommendations, simplify the language and further involve the Commission into national policy discussions.

Externý autor

Agnès BÉNASSY-QUÉRÉ, Guntram WOLFF

2020 Recommendations on the economic policy of the Euro Area: A comparison of Commission and Council texts (the ‘comply or explain’ principle)

03-03-2020

This document compares the draft 2020 Recommendation for the economic policy of the Euro Area proposed by the European Commission on 17 December 2019 with the 2020 Euro Area recommendation approved by the Council (ECOFIN) on 18 February 2020.

This document compares the draft 2020 Recommendation for the economic policy of the Euro Area proposed by the European Commission on 17 December 2019 with the 2020 Euro Area recommendation approved by the Council (ECOFIN) on 18 February 2020.

Implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact - March 2020

03-03-2020

This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of (1) the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact; (2) the latest European Commission economic forecasts; and (3) the latest European Commission opinions on the Draft Budgetary Plans of euro area Member States. This document is regularly updated.

This document provides an overview of key developments under the preventive and corrective arms of the Stability and Growth Pact on the basis of (1) the latest Council decisions and recommendations in the framework of the Stability and Growth Pact; (2) the latest European Commission economic forecasts; and (3) the latest European Commission opinions on the Draft Budgetary Plans of euro area Member States. This document is regularly updated.

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