skip to content

Cookies on the EU website

We use cookies to give the best experience on our site. Continue without changing your settings, and you'll receive cookies, or change your cookie settings at any time.

Continue
 
 
 

Brexit

How will Brexit work? What is the European Parliament’s role in the Brexit negotiations under Article 50? In this section of our website, we have been collecting information, studies, and articles from different sources in order to keep you up-to-date on the latest developments related to Brexit.

 

Brexit Primer

 .

On 23 June 2016, the British government held an in / out referendum on UK membership of the EU. The UK electorate voted to leave the EU by 51.9% to 48.1% with a national turnout of 72.2%.

The legal basis for the UK’s withdrawal from the EU is set out in Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty (TEU). Accordingly, the EU and the UK government have 2 years to come to a withdrawal agreement from the start of the Article 50 negotiations. The UK Prime Minister, Theresa May sent a letter to the European Council President Donald Tusk on 29 March 2017, which notified him of the UK’s intention to leave the EU and thereby started the formal process of withdrawal.  

Article 50 TEU: withdrawal of a Member State from the EU
 .

Step-by-Step Guide

The European Parliamentary Research Service have set out a step-by-step guide to the UK’s withdrawal from the EU.

 .
 

The European Parliament and Brexit

 .

The European Parliament will be important in determining the final withdrawal agreement. Whilst it has no formal role within the Brexit negotiation process, other than the right to receive regular information on its progress, the Council needs to obtain the European Parliament’s consent (Article 50 (2) TEU), voting by a simple majority of the votes cast, before it can conclude the withdrawal agreement.

Therefore, the European Parliament's right to withhold consent to the final agreement offers it political leverage to influence the agreement and effectively makes it a veto player.

Find out more information here
 

Latest News

Catch up on all the latest news and press releases regarding Brexit and the European Parliament on the main European Parliament website.

Latest News
 .

Further Information

Some useful documents and links of the main institutions involved in Brexit.

 .
The Article 50 Negotiation Process (European Commission)
Department for Exiting the European Union (UK government)
Exiting the European Union Committee (House of Commons)
UK's negotiating objectives for withdrawal from EU inquiry
European Parliament Think Tank
 .

Brexit literature:

 .
 

Impact Studies

 .

The European Parliament has commissioned dozens of  Impact Assessments or studies on Brexit from experts, across a broad range of policy areas, which are publicly available online. This webpage will be regularly updated to include further relevant publications.

 .
 .
 .

The European Parliament’s Committees have been organising various
public hearings exploring the impact of Brexit on their policy areas. In the hearings, the committee chair first invites the panels of experts to deliver presentations on the subject, and then to participate in a Q & A session with the committee's MEPs.